Kranti Diwas Quit India 9 Aug 1942 and Dr. Yosuf Mehar Ali (Download PDF)

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Kranti Diwas is a day observed to remember the historic ‘Quit India Movement’ initiated by Gandhi and Indian National Congress. The term “Quit India” was given by Dr. Yosuf Mehar Ali. It is also known as August Movement Day or August Kranti Divas. It is celebrated by national integration speeches, tributes to various freedom fighters, and organisation of national level programmes.

Kranti Diwas Quit India 9 Aug 1942

Kranti Diwas Quit India 9 Aug 1942

Kranti Diwas Quit India 9 Aug 1942

  • Quit India movement was decided to be on 9th August 1942.
  • Quit India Movement was a civil disobedience movement- declared as a passive resistance nicknamed ‘Do or Die’.
  • Carried out through peaceful mass protests and closing of business
  • The mass support and participation of the Indian people jolted the British administration
  • Eventually the Movement catalyze the independence of India from British rule on August 15, 1947.

Cripps’ Mission

  • In 1939, India participated in the World War II under British rule against wishes of Indian nationalists and congress party.
  • Subhash Chander Bose an ex congressional representatives organized his own army called the Indian National Army with the help of the Japanese and started guerrilla warfare against the British authorities in northeast India.
  • These occurrences during 1941 - 42 forced the Britishers to send a delegation under Stafford Cripps to India in a bid to resolve the situation in their favour.
  • The delegation’s mission was referred as Cripps’ Mission.
  • Cripps’ Mission then proposed certain powers from the crown in return for full co-operation during the war. Proposal rejected by INC in favor of self-governance.

Quit India Resolution

  • On August 8, 1942 the Quit India Resolution was passed at the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee (AICC) demanding complete independence.
  • Proposed massive civil disobedience if the British did not accede to the demands.
  • Gandhi told Indians to follow non-violent civil disobedience- “We shall either free India or die in the attempt; we shall not live to see the perpetuation of our slavery” and “Let every Indian consider himself to be a free man … Mere going to jail would not do. ”

Arrest of Gandhiji

  • On 9th August 1942 Gandhiji and all the members of the Party’s Working Committee were arrested. Despite lack of leadership, large protests and demonstrations were held all over the country.
  • The movement was a huge success in regions like Satara, Talcher, and Midnapore. In Tamluk and Contai subdivisions of Midnapore, the local populace even established a parallel government.

- Published/Last Modified on: August 21, 2017

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