Kurukshetra February 2018 Summary: Agriculture for Prosperity (Part - 3) (Download PDF)

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Organic farming practices in India - Organic farming addresses soil health, human health and environmental health & is eco-friendly, best option for crop production and crop yield sustainability, greater economic benefits to farmers, crucial for achieving food security, maintains natural resources, increase in yield in long run, overcome risk of crop failure and increase cost of production & resources are used minimizing loss of nutrients, biomass and energy resources with careful use of water is must (excess irrigation leads to depletion of nutrients) & micro and sprinkler irrigation are best.

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Agriculture for Prosperity: Kurukshetra February 2018 Summary (In English)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Kurukshetra February 2018: Agriculture for Prosperity

Organic farmers’ categories in India

  1. No-input or low-input

  2. Recently adopted to organic farming

  3. Systemic adoption of organic farming (Farmers and entrepreneurs)

Highest area under organic farming MP > Maharashtra > Rajasthan. Meghalaya committed to 2 lakh hectares by 2020 Sikkim - 100 % organic state (announced in 2016)

Soil for organic farming to have sufficient organic matter, ideal pH of 6.5 to 7.5 to help microbial activity & is called living soil.

Manures for organic farming to have 12 % of organic carbon, nitrogen (0.8%) & phosphorus and potash.

Ratio of Carbon: nitrogen- 20: 1—farm yard manure, poultry manure, cow dung slurry, animal urine, crop residue, green manures and green leaf manures are organic manures. Blood meal, bone-meal, compost, fish meal, urban waste, Vermicompost are allowed if chemical impurities are absent—good substitute for chemical fertilizers—recycling of organic is must in a country like India.

Choice of organic manure based on availability of manure and soil reports, based on nitrogen equivalent to recommended dose of inorganic fertilizers—Enriched Farm Yard Manure (EFYM)@1 ton/hectare recommended as low cost effective nutrient

Sunhemp, Diancha, Sesbania, Tephrosia, Cowpea, and Phillipesara (green manures) grown on farms & sown depending upon the main crop sown.

Subabaul, Glyricidia, Neem, Pungam (green leaf manures) – grown outside farms or alongside the fence.

Non-edible oil cakes like neem, pungam, mahua, and castor have low carbon nitrogen ratio, applied as organic manures, helps in quick release of nutrients, reduction in insect pests, soil borne root diseases, nematodes infestation

Leguminous crop like beans, greengram, blackgram, soybean, lablab, peas, and cowpeas on crop rotation basis to improve soil fertility—35 % yield show improvement

Vermicompost: Digested material of organic waste by earthworms is a quality manure rich in plant nutrients (like NPK, Ca, Mg, , S, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mo, B) —recommended for basal as well as top dressing application, beneficial for micro flora, antibiotics and plant growth promoters; C: N ratio 7.93: 1 to 12.5: 1—vermiwash—crop booster from earthworms—used as foliar spray.

Bio-fertilizer—source of Nutrients

  • Rhizobium bacterium lives in roots of leguminous plants & fixes atmospheric nitrogen for crops like redgram, green gram, black gram, Bengal gram, groundnut and soyabean—50 - 100 kg of nitrogen per hectare per season—blue green algae, Azolla, azatobacter and azospirillum fix atmospheric nitrogen & arbusclar mycorrhiza improves availability of phosphorus, zinc copper and sulphur
  • Phosphorus solubilizing bacteria like phosphobacteria release 30 kg of phosphorus per hectare per season. Pink Pigmented Facultative Methanogens (PPFM) provides drought resistance
  • Pachaqavya: promote growth made by cow dung, cow urine, milk, curd, ghee, country jaggery, banana, tender coconut, water.
  • Jeevamrutham: cheapest source of nutrient—through irrigating water during critical stages of crop & is fermented product of cow dung, cow urine, country jaggery, gram flour, handful of native soil
  • Weed Control: stale sea bed technique—non chemical weed management tactics—field is irrigated once before sowing after germination of weeds; crop rotations, hoeing, mulching, hand weeding, mechanical weeding, cover cropping and poly cropping – techniques for weed control—Rice bran – tamarind seed powder, corn flour gluten, and sun flower stalk extracts—used for organic weed management.
  • Agro forestry—important component in organic farming—green manures, fodder species and pest repellant species are better choice, provides food and shelter for honey bees and bugs—enrich in biodiversity
  • Pest management—agronomic practices selection—timely planting, crop rotation, inter and mixed cropping techniques—timely earthing up and mulching crop residue reduces pest infestation and diseases effecting stems
  • Trap cropping technique is effective for management of Helicoverpha (marigold) in cotton, pulses, bhendi and tomato; Spodoptera litura (castor) in tobacco, groundnut, chillies and Plutella aylostella (mustard) in cabbage, cauliflower, knolkhol and radish
  • Push and pull technique—repellent plants (onion) grown along with main crop (cabbage) and attractant crop (mustard) grown along borders—manage insect pest-diamond back moth
  • Light traps—mechanical devices—to monitor the prescience of insect pest in organic field used between 6.30 - 11.30 pm only to safeguard natural enemies of organic eco-system.
  • Sticky traps—attract and kill sucking pests—yellow sticky traps for white flies, aphids, and leaf miners; violet sticky traps for thrips and lice; pheromone (biological substance released by female insects to attract male insects) traps – effective in monitoring and controlling insect pests
  • Border cropping technique—taller and dense foliage producing crops like maize, sorghum, are planted in 3 - 5 rows around primary crops like vegetables and pulses -restrict the movement of pest & contain viral & its transmission
  • Herbal insect repellant plant species (2400 species), few of them are morinda, citrus, ipomea, wild snake root, papaya, neem pumgam, notchi, adathoda, nerium, calotrophis, castor, clerodendron, proposes, abutilon, ailanthus, lantana, cassia, custard apple, tulsi, basilicum, alove, hibiscus, curcuma, acorus, allium, ginger, chilli, pepper, marigold, cycas, tephrosia, jatropha, simaruba—five leaf herbal extract—popular among organic farmers—five kinds of leaves (based on bitterness and non-preference by cattles) —are grounded with cow urine—applied as foliar spray
  • Neem a unique plant is pest repellent—disease management—nematode control—neem cake—neem oil, neem seed kernel – used in organic pest management—pungam and mahua oils are also used
  • Trichogramma—egg parasitoid—management of various lepidoptrean pests in paddy, sugarcane, cotton, maize, sorghum, castor, groundnut, different grams, brinjal, bhendi, tomato, cabbage etc.
  • Bracon, larval parasitoid—black headed caterpillars in coconut and in oil palms
  • Acerophagus papaya parasitoid—management of papaya, mealybugs in papaya, brinjal, cotton, tapioca, cocoa, mulberry etc
  • Green lace wing predator—management of sucking pests like aphids, white flies and leaf hoppers.
  • Cryptolemus lady bird beetle predator—management of mealy bugs in various crops
  • Disease management through bio-control agents like trohoderma vividi (root rot and root wilt disease), pseudomonas fluroscens (soil and air borne diseases) and bacillus subtilis (management of root wilt diseases in coconut and fruit crops)

Increasing Pulses Production in India

India produced 6.60 MT of additional pulses during 2016 - 17—similar to quantity of pulses imported (6.60 MT) —price of pulses crashed in domestic market excluding chickpea and some lentil—procurement of pulses directly from farmers implemented without time lapse– 2 MT procured using price stabilization to maintain buffer stock.

Strategies like availability of HYV seeds, large scale demonstration of newer, HYV and match production and protection technologies—encourage farmers to grow more pulses—30 % import duty on chick pea and lentil to protect interest of farmers—50 % import duty on yellow pea—encourage them to grow more pulses domestically—record sowing in current rabi pulses—harvest more pulses –attain self-sufficiency in pulses

Trends in area, production and productivity of Pulse:

Pulse production attained highest peak of 22.95 MT—previous record 19.78 MT (2013 - 14) —pulses area production and productivity shown continuous increase in 2002 - 2017

Record production of pulses in 2016 - 17—mainly due to

  • Higher prices of pulses in previous year,

  • Good agronomic practices

  • New variety quality seeds

  • Use of phosphoric fertilizers and agro-chemicals

  • Favorable weather

  • Policy support (MSP)

  • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY),

  • Pradhan/mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)

MP is largest producer of pulses followed by Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka, AP and Odisha—ample scope in states like Tamil Nadu, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Bihar and West Bengal.

Demand and supply of pulses: India largest consumer of pulses, demand likely to increase—schemes to promote indigenous production of pulse cultivation launched—26.5 MT of pulses to fulfill demand by 2020—help to maintain 38 g per capita per day for human consumption.

Present level of area under cultivation is sustained, marginal increase in productivity – achieve self-sufficiency in pulses production in near future

Schemes required to achieve target are

  • Integrated pulse production and protection technologies

  • Accelerated quality seed production

  • Farmer’s centric policies

  • Empowerment of growers through training

  • Efficient transfer of technologies network

  • Remunerative minimum support price and procurement

  • Pulses in mid-day meals and PDS

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), All India coordinated Research projects (AICRP), Central Agricultural Universities working to improve pulse crops—role of private sector needed to fill gaps in technology and quality seed production

ICAR- Indian Institute Pulses Research (IIPR) established regional stations: Regional Research centre, Bhopal and Regional Centre cum Off season nursery, Dharwad- for intensive research on pulse crops—approved for IIPR in Bikaner (western India) and Bhubaneshwar (East India)

More than 510 HYV pulses, insulated against biotic and abiotic stress matched integrated crop management technologies

Good agronomic practices: old crop production technologies to be integrated with newer ones, increase profitability, technologies like integrated nutrient management, micro irrigation including dry sowing followed by light irrigation, seed priming, pre and post emergence herbicides application for effective weed management—ridge planting and micro nutrients application

Integrated disease management: Best strategy to minimize diseases incidence due to soil borne pathogens—exploitation of host plant resistance and development of diseases resistant varieties because other strategies are neither economical nor feasible.

Integrated Insect Management: Pest Gram pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera hubner) – most important and dreaded pest–chickpea and pigeonpea crop–IPM module—minimize damage due to the pest

Processing and small scale milling: storage of pulses after splitting as dal—value addition completely safe—ICAR-IIPR Kanpur; CFTRI Mysuru, ICARE-CIAE developed – scale pulse processing machinery—capable of making dal from pulses—more efforts are required

Exploitation of genomic tools in breeding varieties: Molecular Marker technology facilitates transfer and tracking of genes – need to be exploited in routine breeding program, reduces time taken to release a variety, draft genome sequence (of mung bean) from pigeon pea and chick pea—available possibly in a year

Issues and strategies: low productivity & yield of pulses—pulses grown under rain fed and residual moisture

Pulses are protein rich so more prone to biotic and abiotic stresses– multi adversities resistant varieties to be developed, reprioritize pulses improvement research programs

Strategies: Integrated breeding exploiting genomic tools to transfer genes/QTLS on interest—integration of molecular marker technology for increase in efficiency – key tool to speed upto technology development

Strategies for Enhancing Pulse Production

  • Horizontal expansion: Large areas in eastern India brought under pulse cultivation—nontraditional/alternative seasons can be used for pulse production
  • Productivity enhancement: popularizing HYV and matching production technologies for different pulse crops—help in enhancing yield
  • Farm mechanization: Increased farm mechanization helps in reducing cost of cultivation and save farm labourers.
  • Making quality seed available: demand for additional quality seed is expected to grow, 30 - 35 lakh quintals of quality seeds are needed to cover 30 % of pulse area.
  • Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and farmer’s Welfare (DAC&FW), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare, approved ICAR project “Creation of seed Hubs fro increasing indigenous production of pulses in India” with 150 seed hubs in 24 states at cost of Rs. 22531.08 lakhs implemented through ICAR-IIPR Kanpur, 9 ICAR institutes, 44 AICRPS in different SAUs/CAUs and 97 Krishi Vigyan Kendras. Agriculture Technology Application Research Institute are collaborators for implementation of seed-Hubs project.
  • Human Resource Development: Empowerment of farmers and other stake holders
  • Technology transfer: Front line Technology conducted in last two decades indicate increase in pulse productivity 20 - 30%

Cluster front Line demonstration: Massive program on pulses—paid dividends—

  1. farmer participatory trials/demonstrations

  2. distribution of small seed sample to many farmers

  3. Use of IT

Value addition: Capacity development needed for value addition and small scale processing and milling machineries development of machineries

Procurement and storage of pulses: Procurement and storage of pulses is not same as cereals of wheat and rice.

Pulses needed to be dried before storage, bringing down moisture content below 8% (grain moisture) and 10 - 12% (seeds) —PPP with initial construction supported by government, farmers to pay for storage, credit facilities extended to farmers based on seed/grain stored by them.

Future: HYV seeds insulated against major biotic and abiotic stresses; good agronomic practices including plant protection & high production of pulses in future

Tackling Regional Imbalances in Agriculture

Advanced states are facing stagnation & lagging states are keeping pace with advanced states by adoption of better implementation of market reforms and market friendly policies– different set of policies for advanced states and lagging states

Lagging states—strengthen modern farm inputs to increase productivity

Advanced states—explore second stage of agricultural productivity & bring development in terms of diversification and agro-business activities.

2nd advised estimates of CSO—share of agriculture and allied sectors is 17.3 % of Gross Value Added (GVA) during 2016 - 17 at 2011 - 12 prices—growth of other sectors and overall share of agriculture decreased

Net importing country to top producer of several grains (wheat, rice, pulses, sugarcane, cotton), highest producer of milk, second producer of fruits and vegetables—producing 275.68 million tons (fourth advance estimates for 2016 - 17).

India in 2013 had 25 % of world’s pulses production, 22 % of rice production, 13 % of wheat production, 25 % of total cotton produced (highest exporter of cotton for several years)

Significant increase in growth and production—agricultural yield low in most crops compared to China, Brazil and U. S.

Production is uneven across states—agricultural development and agricultural production also uneven.

Agricultural Productivity ( Rs. /Ha) = NSDPitNSAit

NSDP- Net State domestic product from agriculture of ith state at tth time

NSA—Net sown area of ith state at tth time

For Convergence Analysis – a convergence – measure the behaviour of cross sectional dispersion of a particular variable across time

Agricultural Productivity: Growth and Regional Imbalances

  • To meet food grain requirements agricultural productivity need to be sustained and further improved
  • Arunachal Pradesh highest productivity ( Rs. 3, 26, 917 per hectare followed by Andhra Pradesh ( Rs. 2, 60, 346 per hectare), Tamil Nadu ( Rs. 259921 per hectare)
  • Tamil Nadu witnessed higher productivity among states
  • Punjab and Haryana enjoyed a pre-eminent position in productivity for decades in food grains, but registered low growth rate in production (1.73 % and 3.15 % in study period)
  • J&K, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala etc. fall in green Zone because of plantation crops – slow growth rates too
  • Odisha, MP and Gujarat – low productivity zone (red) & high growth rate in agricultural productivity (6.12%, 5.75%, 5.54%).
Map of agricultural productivity

Map of Agricultural Productivity

Map of agricultural productivity

Higher agricultural productivity in agriculture with green colour witnessed low growth rate as growth got very marginal rate

Regional variations are because of following factors:

  1. Irrigation coverage

  2. Cropping of Intensity

  3. Use of fertilizers

  4. Credit land holding size

  5. Level of policy support

  6. Institutional factors

  7. Rank in agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly reforms Index

Regional variation in agricultural infrastructure and use of agriculture inputs is also high

Punjab (98.7 %), Haryana (89.1%), UP (80.2%) has greatest irrigation coverage and cropping intensity with factors like fertilizer use (kg/ha), credit (Rs/ha), larger land holding size, are on higher side for states with higher productivity states—able to channelize these factors for better productivity and yield rate

Maharashtra received first rank in implementation of various reforms in AMFFRI, implemented most of the reforms & best environment for 8 agribusiness. Next to Maharashtra lies Gujarat, Rajasthan and MP

Punjab registered at 14th place due to poor implementation of reforms

2/3rd of states or UTs could not reach the 50 % mark like U. P. , Punjab, W. B. , Assam, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu and J&K

Convergence is tested by regressing of growth rate of agricultural productivity with log of initial agricultural productivity across all states. It showed a downward sloping curve in terms of agricultural productivity

Low agricultural productivity states (Orissa, Gujarat, M. P. ) are converging with agriculturally advanced states (Arunachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana

States in central zone with low productivity levels in agriculture should strengthen factors like

  • Use of inputs like fertilizers

  • Improved seeds, irrigation, machinery, credit and technology back up

Green Zone states consider factors like diversification towards high value crops, horticulture and livestock products, attribute based products. Food processing industry can create vast employment opportunities.

Policy prescription - more investment in lagging states, extension of public and private credit in remote and rural areas, development of technology requiring less water, less fertilizer, and cheap farming, and implementation of watershed development

Rural Women in Agro Economy

Rural women are active in agricultural fields in sowing, harvesting, threshing, and agro-processing—women in river bed leant protecting health of soil through organic recycling—promoted crop security through maintenance of diversity and genetic resistance

Contribution of women in agriculture of over 32%, updating skills in land management training in traditional female skills vis-a- vis farms, credit programs for micro- enterprise and income generating scheme, help women in improve food production, shift their labor to revenue generation and also marketing farm products.

Changes in legal, financial and educational systems to enhance women’s social and economic contributions to agro-economy and rural development in both mid and long terms. Upliftment of rural infrastructure, revenue generation in agro-economy initiatives and food processing

Entire post-harvest and agro processing activities (cleaning, grading, storage) done by women in states of Punjab, Maharashtra, MP, Sikkim, West Bengal

Tractors – combined harvesting in Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, MP, Karnataka, UP, Gujarat and Maharashtra.

Rural –farm related schemes—last few years—special components for women—certain provision for specific facilities for working women at worksites.

Proper structural, functional and institutional measures be promoted to strengthen women participation in agriculture and allied activities, to empower women, to build their abilities and to increase their access to input technology

Government advised state government to identify widowed women, deserted women, and destitute women who qualify under MGNREGA to ensure they got work for 100 days in a year.

Horticulture crops are labour intensive with lot of employment opportunities

NE states, Himachal Pradesh and J &K—horticulture chief occupation among large section of women folk—28.3 million tonnes of fruits and 66 million tonnes of vegetables.

Jharkhand: rural employment and women employment—path braking measure— water sanitation committee for implementation of water supply schemes) —women member from the village is compulsory – known as “jal Sahiya” (water friend) is mandatory for her to be treasurer of the committee to ensure her empowerment in the committee

Decision makers were men even though women performed more agricultural related activities—women given less importance (14 hours a day work, in harvesting season 16 hours) —because of limitation on educational status and relative isolation from social life—knowledge of women ignored and not taken seriously

Evolving system—women are decision makers – more social than legislative

In Mizoram and Nagaland, women enjoy all liberty but oppose women legislators

In Mizoram with regard to food security act—women should be head of the family was opposed by state government officially.

In U. P. female participation rate is low as compared to male worker and majority of female workers (85.4%) in rural areas are engaged in agriculture—witnessed major change in 2 decades both in farm and non-farm sectors—employment growth in agriculture in UP was lower (1.2%) compared to non-farm employment growth (4.76%) —rural-non-farm sector rose from 18.1 % to 33 % from 1972 - 73 to 2004 - 05—female participation in non-farm employment was marginal

Non-farm employment avenues generally have befitted men more than women due to educational and skill factors—60 - 70 % of eastern UP are working in non-agricultural sectors

In MP, Tripura, and Jharkhand MGNREGA provides better and more job opportunities to female workers, high work participation among male in non-agricultural activity & large percentage of women are working as casual labourers

Faecal Sludge management: A challenge to Swachh Bharat Mission

76 % coverage of rural households and more than 97 % house holds with sanitation facilities covered by Swachh Bharat Mission (SWB) —mission to get ODF status by 2nd October 2019

Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, ODF is termination of faecal-oral transmission is defined by

  • No visible faeces found in environment/villages.

  • Every house-hold as well as public/community institutions use safe technology for disposal of faeces.

The safe technology option means:

  • No contamination of soil surface, ground water, or surface water

  • Excreta inaccessible to flies and animals

  • No handling of fresh excreta

  • Freedom of odour and unsightly condition

Developed a real time monitoring platform for number of toilets constructed. Type of toilet is important indicator missing in ministry’s monitoring format.

“Swachh Survekshan-Gramin”—a survey through quality Council of India—on direction of Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation—91 % rural household having toilets use them—success of SWB mission—focus on reason for not using toilets even if having access—major constraint as old habit of defecation, other reasons are under construction of toilets (broken pits or overflowing pits), lack of water, not able to sit on toilet, foul smell and darkness in toilet, no air circulation & technological challenges to SWB mission.

Toilets being used may become unused because of reasons like foul smell, darkness, overflowing pits, no air circulation, and non availability of water— beneficiaries who availed financial assistance from government are not eligible for seeking financial help again—which might defeat objective ODF

Faecal Sludge Management includes flush water, cleansing material and excreta that go into onsite containment—water closet flush toilets or toilets that require more water for flushing pose challenge for faecal management. Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) awaited phenomenon for most places.

Faecal sludge management - onsite treatment facility or decentralised waste management necessary

Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation—conducting awareness program for twin pit model of toilets

According to swachh survekshan – 40.87 % use single pit toilet—31.93 use toilets with septic tank and 23.89 use toilets which are double pit toilets.

Single pit super structure—urine, faeces and water used gets collected, long time to fill up when there is minimum use of water. Pit is permeable and ground water table is high—water percolates from sludge to ground water—posing challenge for sustainable use of toilets as well as protecting ground water—once pit is filled—emptying pit is another challenge (more challenging in villages) —alternates option to be found till pit is emptied

In cities houses are conducted not allowing access to suction vehicle. Many local bodies are not capacitated for emptying septic tank—private players come into action – who have to clean the septic tank but also dispose the sludge safely.

As per Bureau of Indian standards (BIS) —septic tank to have two chambers separated by a partition have over 2000 litre capacity

Flushing in open area or in open drain a major problem in rural and urban area—STPs being used by few Municipal Corporations only. STPs not economically viable unless rainwater, storm water and waste water are separated—need to move to technology with less water or no water for sanitation facilities

Septage- an article—Kerala’s Looming Sanitation Challenge by Suseel Samuel—challenge is cleaning of septic tank—and safe disposal of septage—emptying tank taken up between 10p. m. to 5.00 am in open space in absence of mechanism for safe disposal

Using more water in toilets—leads to loss of scarce water resource—but also delays composting process

Sulabh Foundation—founder Mr. Bindeshwar Pathak—a toilet pan with 25 to 28 degrees—need only 1 to 1.5 liters of water for flushing & stimulates quick composting

Ecosan toilet—low cost toilet does not need water—appropriate to both water scarce areas and areas with water table in rural areas. Recycling nutrients of excreta and using for agricultural purposes—basic principle is earth/ash used to cover excreta after use and cover the tank with lid when toilet not in use. —once pit is filled – closed and sealed – decompose for 6 - 9 months—gets composted—used as manure in agricultural sector

Solar power self-cleaning toilet—new technology—sleek and stainless steel toilets—can be installed in any location (absence of access to electricity, treatment of sludge is not available) -flushes itself using minimum amount of water (1.5 litres) & washes itself after every 10th use—waste treatment using anaerobic bio-degradation

Bio-digester toilets useful in effective sludge treatment process is not available. It is designed for armed forces by DRDO research lab in Gwalior for high altitudes to avoid manual scavenging and safe disposal of excreta with a solar panel of 240 watts to generate heat for processing in higher altitudes—to convert human waste to gases and manures—breaks down human excreta into usable water and gas—Produced methane gas for firing up gas stoves and generating electricity—leftover for manures for gardening and farming—no geographic or temperature limitation—does not need connection to sewage network—success in houseboats in Srinagar and Indian railways—success in Lakshadweep with high water table

Cost is much higher than financial assistance given by the government, economically feasible if cost involved in collection and transportation of faecal sludge, or sewage system, cost of land and running of STP are considered—cost of bio-digester may come down if produced in huge quantities

Time to move from central approach for sludge treatment to decentralized approach—decentralized treatment will need private players—increase employment, safe and healthy environment—improved sanitation needed for sludge treatment

Other Key facts

South Asian Regional Center ISARC

Establishment of International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), South Asia Regional Centre (ISARC) —at National Seed Research and Training Centre (NSRTC) in Varanasi.

Centre for Excellence in Value Addition (CREVA) to be set up in Varanasi—modern and sophisticated laboratory—determine quality and status of heavy metal sin grain and straw—first international centre in eastern India—plays a major role in harnessing and sustaining rice production—boon for food production and skill development—Benefits

  • Utilizing rich bio-diversity of India to develop special rice varieties—to achieve higher per hectare yield and improved nutritional contents

  • Adopt value chain based production system—reduce wastage

  • Benefits farmers in south Asian and African Countries

Ministry of Information and broadcasting observes Swachhta Pakhwada

Ministry of Information and broadcasting observes Swachhta Pakhwada from 16th January to 31st January & involved

  • Swachhta Shramdaan

  • Swachhta Oath

  • Weeding of old files, disposal of waste like old furniture and unusable items, beautification of office premises

  • Organising essay/painting/debate competitions on Swachh

  • Highlighting success stories on SWB

  • Publication of articles and success stories in Publication Division Journals like Yojana, Kurukshetra, Employment news, ‘Bal Bharti’

  • Production and screening of films and documentaries on SBM

  • Generate awareness on Swachhta

  • Engaging communities

Rural Development Ministry organizes workshop on PM Awaas Yojana (Gramin)

16 lakh rural houses being built—target to build 1 crore houses—PMAY-G launched on 20th November 2016 with aim of ‘Housing for all’ in rural areas to provide environmentally safe, secure and pucca houses to all rural household in 2022—first phase target 1 crore houses by march 2019—minimum support of Rs. 1.5 lakh to 1.6 lakh available—loan upto Rs. 70, 000 provision—beneficiaries through complete transparent process using economic Census 2011 data and validation – complete home with cooking space, electricity provision, LPG, toilet and bathing area, drinking water–through Gram Sabha—through IT/DBT mode with Aadhaar linked bank accounts

Swabhimaan: Integrating swachhta with nutrition, health and livelihood

  • Swabhimann by UNICEF a project packaging sanitation alongside nutrition, health and livelihood components, engages women SHGs to integrate all these elements to achieve ODF, supported by IKEA foundation. Brings behavioral change, empowers women, looks after nutrition & engage in Krishi Mitras
  • Poshan microplan on nutrition issues like anaemia, malaria & prohibition of child marriage

Fertilizer Availability Year Around

  • Urea Pricing Policy, 2015 – indigenous production

  • Neem coating of urea

  • 45 kg urea bags to replace existing 50 kg bags

  • Reduction in rate of P & K fertilizers

  • Removal of minimum annual production

  • Revival of Sindhri & Gorakhpur unit of FCIL & Barauni unit of HFCL

  • Open 20, 000 model fertilizer retail shops for 3 years

  • Policy to promote city compost

  • DBT scheme in fertilizer subsidy

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Agriculture for Prosperity: Kurukshetra February 2018 Summary (In Hindi)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Kurukshetra February 2018: Agriculture for Prosperity

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- Published/Last Modified on: March 8, 2018

Kurukshetra

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