Kurukshetra January 2019 Empowering Rural Youth (Part-1) (Download PDF)


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Key Topics included in this Article: e-NAM, Village Entrepreneurship Program, MUDRA Yojana, National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS), National Employability Enhancement Mission (NEEM), National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY), Digital India, Saakshar Bharat Programme, National Scholarship Portal, Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (PMJDY), Suryamitra Program, Village Adoption Programme

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Empowering Rural Youth: Kurukshetra January 2019 (In Hindi)

Kurukshetra January 2019: Empowering Rural Youth is explained in this lecture Key Topics included in this Article

  • Focus of present govt. is on empowering rural youth thru various rural-centric schemes. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Gramin, MGNREGA, Start-Up Village Entrepreneurship Programme (SVEP), Make in India, Skill India, Start-Up India, Stand Up India are some of major schemes.
  • PMAY-Gramin has motivated rural youth to live in villages by providing housing facilities like urban areas & contribute to local development.
  • Thru MGNREGA, non-agricultural activities are being promoted in rural areas which provides alternative employment opportunities & increase income of youth engaged in such activities.
  • 👌 Strat-Up Village Entrepreneurship Programme (SVEP) aims at helping rural poor, including artisans & weavers, to set up enterprises at village level generating employment opportunities for rural youth.
  • 👌 Village Adoption Programme (VAP) is unique programme promotes entrepreneurship in food processing & agri-business in rural areas thus empowering rural youth.
  • Samagra Shiksha provides adequate opportunities for rural youth to participate in technology based educational & teaching programme.
  • PMGDISHA is launched to impart digital literacy among rural youth which is providing to be a boon to rural youth.
  • 👌 Under PM MUDRA Yojana, youth of rural India set up their own enterprises & become employers by providing employment to many others in their micro enterprises.

Empowerment of Rural Youth

  • Population of India is more than 130 cr. & 62 % of it is below age of 59 years.
  • More than 65 % of country’s population is of youth below age of 35 years.
  • By 2020, population of India would have median age of 28 years only as against 38 years for US, 42 years for China & 48 years for Japan.
  • India has 19,94,555 sq. km. agricultural land which is 56.76 % of total area of country.
  • India is fourth largest country in terms of coal resources.
  • India’s favourable demographic potential is in position to bestow unexpected benefits to country’s economy due to which by 2020 India’s GDP is expected to grow by 2%
  • Developed countries may have to face shortage of more than 5 cr. 70 lakh semi-skilled human resources. In India there is possibility of generation of abt. 4cr. 70 lakh manpower in surplus.
  • Abt. 70 % of country’s population lives in villages & agriculture is one sector which is providing employment to largest number of people. Contribution of agriculture sector in country’s GDP is only 13%
  • Population of youth comprises abt 40% of total population of India.
  • Central Govt. & various state govt. are focusing on promoting self-employment & skill development for past few years.
  • In India there is constant increase in number of paved roads, shops, schools, health centers & villages w/facilities. Number of pucca houses is increasing in villages.
  • Under PMAY-Rural, there is target to build 1 cr. Houses by March 2019. Till Nov. , 2018 construction of 52.26 lakh houses is completed. Scheme has contributed to providing livelihood to large number of youth in rural areas.
  • Fourteenth Central Finance Commission has increased grant for village panchayats to Rs. 2,00,292.20 cr. For development of villages for 5 years which is 3 times grant sanctioned by 13th Finance Commission.
  • Gram Panchayats are expected same amount from MGNREGA.
  • For development of rural areas & empowering rural youth, Gram Panchayats have access to funds of Central Finance Commission & funding of State Finance Commission.
  • Agriculture Clinics, Agri-Business Centers & Common Services are helping in socio-economic empowerment of rural youth.
  • 👌 Creation of “New India” is focused on 2 imp. aspects ‘Make India’ & ‘Swachh Bharat’.
  • Optimum use of talent of young entrepreneurs in nation building & skill development of as many individuals as possible, facilities like toilets, cooking gas connection, electricity & internet connections in all households are envisaged. It includes commitment to bridge gap b/w urban & rural areas & to equip rural areas w/urban facilities.
  • In report of NITI Aayog on ‘Skill Development & Productivity of Workforce’, 70 % of India’s labour force inhabits rural areas, which is dependent on low productive agricultural activities & where employment opportunities are very less, causes decline in quality of production.
  • Thru use of new technologies, alternative crops & labour-intensive crops, concept of high yield in min. agricultural land, better income & satisfactory employment is being envisaged.
  • MSME have to play decisive role in making India economy worth 50 trillion US dollars by 2022 & providing employment to 1.20 cr. youth every year.
  • MSME provides employment to 10cr. Youth of country by 2022.
  • 📝 Govt. has implemented 2 point program for making MSME & Start-Up as engines of development for India:
  1. First program aims to improve country’s large economic indicators, emphasis was given on ease of doing business & on top to bottom improvement programs.
  2. Second Step, A Policy was adopted to give special incentives at lower level of these enterprises & startups so they can accelerate pace of development & mobilize employment opportunities for nearly one million Indians.
  • 👌’e-market place portal’ is launched to streamline govt. procurement system. It facilitates smaller companies to bid online for govt. contract on competitive rates.
  • 👌’Dept. of Industrial Policy & Promotion’ has launched startup tour program, under which mobile van is sent to 2nd/3rd tier towns to identify & promote entrepreneurial talents there.
  • According to survey of National Sample Survey Organization, 2015 - 16, MSME sector has created approx. 11.10 cr. Employment opportunities. Out of these 4 cr. 97 lakh 78 thousand are in rural areas & more than 6 cr. 12 lakh in urban areas.
  • Under MGNREGA, min. of 100 days of guaranteed wage employment is being provided to adult members of each rural household.
  • Under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, out of eligible 1,78,184 habitations, 1,68,394 are linked to road by middle Nov. , 2018, which is 94.5 % of target.
  • 👌 DDAY-NRLM aims to improve quality of life of 7 to 8 cr. Poor rural households in more than 647 dist. , 6559 blocks abt 238,000 village panchayats & around 640,000 villages.
  • Under Startup Village Entrepreneurship Program (SVEP), rural poor are being supported to set up enterprises.
  • During 1st phase, from 2015 - 19, abt 1.82 lakh enterprises are to be set up in 125 blocks of 24 states to empower rural poor.
  • Under Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gramin Kaushalya Yojana, 5.73 lakh rural youths are trained from 2014 - 15 to Feb. , 2018.
  • Thru 2014 - 15 to Feb. , 2018.17 lakh rural youth were trained for self-employment thru rural self-employment training institutes.
  • Under MUDRA Yojana women in large number have adopted self-employment.

Empowerment of Youth through Skilling

  • 📝 National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) – launched on 19th Aug. , 2016.
  • Objective is to provide Apprenticeship Training to 50 lakh youth by 2020.
  • Under scheme. Govt. will share 25 % of prescribed stipend subject to max. of Rs. 1500/- per month per apprentice w/employers.
  • User friendly on-line portal (www.apprenticeship.gov.in) designed to facilitate easy processing of entire apprenticeship.
  • Facilities provided by Portal:
  1. Registration of establishments, Candidates & basic training providers.
  2. Establishments can declare their apprenticeship seats/vacancies.
  3. Establishments can search & shortlist candidates specific to sector, trades, region etc.
  4. Establishments can submit their on-line returns & records along w/their claims.
  5. Apprentices can receive & accept offer letters from establishments online.
  6. Process all necessary contractual obligations online.
  7. Time bound approval of apprenticeship contracts.
  8. Creation of centralized database for compliance & monitoring.
  9. On-line exam system including generation & issue of hall tickets.
  • State Apprenticeship Advisers (SAAs) & Regional Directorates of Apprenticeship (RDATs) is mandatory for establishments having manpower strength of more than 40 engage apprentices thru apprenticeship portal.
  • Portal allows registration of apprentices & submission of contract of apprenticeship.
  • Apprentice training in Optional trades are delivered by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
  • Under Optional trades, there are 74,520 establishments, 28,296 apprentice opportunities, 11,10,510 candidates & 4,73,445 apprentices engaged by NSDC.
  • To improve industry connect, Directorate General of Training (DGE&T), M/o Skill Development & Entrepreneurship has adopted German model of Vocational Education system in India by introducing Dual System of Training (DST).
  • Dual System combines practical training in industry & theoretical training w/foundation practical in ITI (s) which leads to better ITI-Industry linkage.

👌 Rural Self Employment Training Institutes

  • RSETI is 3-way partnership amongst Ministry of Rural Development, State Govt. & Banks.
  • RSETIs provide training in Agriculture, Process, Product, & General Entrepreneurship Development Programs (EDP) courses to candidates leading to self-employment.

📝 National Employability Enhancement Mission (NEEM)

  • Objective of NEEM is to offer on-the-job practical training to enhance employability of person either pursuing his or her graduation/diploma in any technical or non-technical stream or discontinued studies of degree or diploma course to increase their employability.
  • In 2017 - 18, NEEM Agents are able to provide industry apprenticeship for more than 43,000 candidates.

👌 National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)

  • Programme includes courses on digital marketing, online safety & financial literacy in regional languages w/Facebook imparting training to people nominated by NSDC.

👌 Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY)

  • Scheme aims at enhancing skill sets of potential emigrant workers in select sectors & job roles, in line w/international standards, to facilitate overseas employment.
  • Focus is on sectors that are in demand in Emigration Check Required (ECR) Countries including domestic workers, drivers & construction workers.
  • India International Skills Centers (IISCs) are set up to focus on skilling, assessment & qualifications that are internationally acceptable.
  • In pilot phase, 16 centers are launched across Domestic Workers, Retail, Tourism & Hospitality, Capital Goods, Healthcare, Construction, Automotive & Security.
  • Pre-Departure Orientation Training (PDOT) aims at enhancing soft skills of potential emigrants in terms of culture, language, traditions & local rules & regulations of destination countries.

Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS)

  • JSSs earlier known as Shramik Vidyapeeth’ are established to concentrate on empowerment of unskilled persons, women, persons belonging to SC/ST/OBC communities & Minorities.
  • JSS organizes 2 types of activities:
  1. Vocational Courses: Training Programs involving skills/practical application leading to market demand & income generation.
  2. Conduct suggestive activities other than Life Enrichment Education components.
  • Unique advantage of JSS is, It is able to deliver skill training, vocational training at doorsteps of beneficiaries & present in lot of interior parts of country.

👌 National Council for Vocational Education & Training (NCVET)

  • Primary functions of NCVET:
  1. Recognition & regulation of awarding bodies, assessment related skill related information providers
  2. Approval of qualifications developed by awarding bodies & Sector Skill Councils (SSCs)
  3. Indirect regulation of vocational training institutes thru awarding bodies & assessment agencies

Education Initiatives for Rural Youth

  • Govt. has developed various schemes & programmes for empowerment of youth. Some of these are Rashtriya Yuva Sashaktikaran Karyakram, National Service Scheme, Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development, Pradhan Mantri Yuva Yojana, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushalya Yojana, Skill India, etc.

Samagra Shiksha

  • Goal of scheme is to improving school effectiveness measured in terms of equal opportunities for schooling & equitable learning outcomes.
  • 👌 2 components of this programme: Digital Education & Skill Development.
  • Focus of digital education is on technology based classrooms. It implies enhanced use of digital boards & DTH channels & strengthening of ICT infrastructure in schools from upper primary to higher secondary level.
  • Skill development focuses on strengthening of vocational education at secondary level by integrating it in curriculum.
  • Idea is to enable students to graduate from high school w/industrial oriented learning experience prior to their 1st job.

📝 Saakshar Bharat Programme

  • Programme goes beyond ‘3’ R’s: Reading, Writing & Arithmetic.
  • Aims to create literate society thru variety of teaching learning programmes for non-literate & neo-literate of 15 years & above.
  • Objective is achieving 80 % literacy level at national level, by focusing on adult women literacy so as to reduce gap b/w male & female literacy.
  • 4 key elements of programme:
  1. Imparting functional literacy & numeracy to non-literates
  2. Acquiring equivalency to formal educational system
  3. Imparting relevant skill development programme
  4. Promote learning society by providing opportunities for continuing education.
  • Principal target of programme is to impart functional literacy to 70 million non-literate adults in age group of 15 years & beyond.

Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS)

  • JSS provide skill development, link literacy w/vocational skill to provide Life Enrichment Education (LEE) to people.
  • Aim is to shape their beneficiaries into self-reliant & self-assured employees & entrepreneurs.
  • They offer quality vocational skills & technical knowledge at very low cost. 221 Jan Shikshan Sansthan in country.
  • Current aim is to have 50 % of their beneficiaries from amongst neo-literates.

📝 Digital India

  • Aims to ensure that govt. ‘s services are made available to citizens electronically by improved online infrastructure & by increasing Internet connectivity or by making country digitally empowered in technology.
  • Programme consists of 3 core components:
  1. Development of secure & stable digital infrastructure
  2. Delivering govt. services digitally
  3. Universal digital literacy
  • Programme is to prepare India for knowledge future.
  • Goal is to make every household digitally literate to make India Global Knowledge hub, w/IT being major driver & engine of growth.

📝 National Scholarship

  • Portal provides financial assistance to deserving students by awarding them scholarship to pursue higher education.
  • NSP is unique & simplified platform to help students get benefits of educational scholarships in efficient & transparent manner.
  • Initiatives aims at providing Simplified, Mission-oriented, Accountable, Responsive & Transparent (SMART) System for faster & effective disbursal of scholarships applications & delivery of funds directly into beneficiaries account w/o any leakage.

National Apprenticeship Training Scheme

  • Scheme equipping technically qualified youth w/practical knowledge & skills required in their field work.
  • Apprentices are imparted training by organizations at their place of work.
  • Scheme is only for freshers. Apprentices can join for Apprenticeship Training only once in his lifetime.

📝 Schemes under All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)

  • Post Graduate Scholarship is for qualified students admitted to M. E. /M. Tech/M. Arch & M. Pharma courses
  • Prime Minister’s Special Scholarship Scheme (PMSSS) aims to build up capacities in youth of J&K
  • Pragati Scholarship for girls pursuing Diploma & Undergraduate Degree level
  • Saksham Scholarship for differently abled students
  • AICTE-INAE Travel Grant Scheme for engineering students who want to present papers abroad
  • Prerana Scheme for preparing SC/ST students for higher education
  • Samridhhi Scheme for SC/ST students start-ups
  • Support to Students for Participating in Competition Abroad (SSPCA) aims to provide travel assistance registration fees to team of students for attending competition at international level
  • Smart India Hackathon & M. Tech Projects as Internship w/MSMEs scheme to nurture innovation ecosystem.
  • Post –Doctoral Research Fellow (Scheme), Junior Research Fellowships & DBT junior research fellowship (DBT-JRF) Programme.
  • National Post Doctoral Fellowship (N-PDF) aimed to identify motivated young researchers & provide them support for doing research in science & engineering.
  • Dept. has Women Scientists Scheme wherein women are given Fellowships to conduct research in area of science & technology.

Financial Inclusion for Rural Youth

  • UNDP recognized role of financial inclusion in achieving 15 out of 17 Sustainable Development Goals which include alleviation of poverty, creation of jobs, gender equality, good health, etc.
  • Goal of financial inclusion is inclusive & sustainable economic growth, by freeing poor sections of society from clutches of money lenders.
  • India’s digital inclusion depends on ‘BharatNet’, project expected to provide high-speed ubiquitous broadband connectivity on optical fibre to Gram Panchayats at low tariffs.
Image of Financial Inclusion

Image of Financial Inclusion

Image of Financial Inclusion

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Empowering Rural Youth: Kurukshetra January 2019 (In English)

Kurukshetra January 2019: Empowering Rural Youth is explained in this lecture Key Topics included in this Article

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- Published/Last Modified on: January 31, 2019


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