Kurukshetra June 2018 Summary: Progressive Rural Development (Part - 1)

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Key Topics included in this Article: Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana - Gramin (PMAY-G) , Scheme of โ€˜Samagra Shiksha Abhiyanโ€™ , National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS) , Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) .

Progressive Rural Development: Kurukshetra June 2018 Summary (in English)
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY)
  • Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs)
  • Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (SAUBHAGYA)
  • Himayat
  • Pradhan Mantri Yuva Udyami Vikas Abhiyan (PM-YUVA)
  • Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat
  • Gram Swaraj Abhiyan
  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP)
  • National Nutrition Mission (NNM)
  • Features related to primary health care
  • Namami Gange
  • Swachh Bharat Mission
  • OTT Service & Internet on Things for Telecom Connectivity

Forthcoming Issue: Panchayati Raj

  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ โ€ณ Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana - Gramin โ€ณ (PMAY-G) was launched by govt. as flagship rural housing scheme. It aims to provide โ€ณ House for All โ€ณ in rural areas to 1 cr. rural households, w/I period of 3 years- 2016 - 2019.
  • Centrally Sponsored ๐Ÿ‘Œ Scheme of โ€˜Samagra Shiksha Abhiyanโ€™ is initiated from 2018 - 19 w/objective of provision of inclusive & equitable quality education from pre-school to senior secondary stage. It envisages that each & every child progresses smoothly & continuously thru various levels of schooling w/o any barrier.
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS) is one of boldest initiatives of govt. it will provide medical insurance cover of โ‚น 5 lakh to 500 million low-income Indians. Scheme is budgeted to cost around โ‚น 10,000 cr. annually. Expected to roll out on 2nd Oct. 2018, it is long overdue step towards providing universal medical care.
  • Thru its Bharat Net project, Department of telecommunications is connecting 2.5 lakh village panchayats w/Optic Fibre Cable to enable delivery of high speed broadband.

New Priorities for Agriculture

  • Accelerating growth in agriculture is most desirable option for sustaining high rate of growth of 8 - 10 % in GDP as is being aimed at.
  • Closely 55 % of population is engaged in agriculture & allied activities contributing 17.4 % to countryีšs Gross Value added.

Schemes to Enhancing Crop Productivity & Doubling Farm Income

  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Soil Health Card Scheme (SHC) :
    • SHC was launched to provide information on soil fertility status to each one of 140 million farmers of country once in cycle of 3 years on continuous basis.
    • SHC will recommend manure, fertilizers & amendments for at least 6 crops, (3 kharif & 3 rabi crops) .
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Promotion of Organic manure:
    • Promotion of City Compost: Govt. initiated scheme to produce city compost & made it mandatory to ensure its sale thru fertilizer industry along w/fertilizers to improve soil health.
    • Rationalizing NPK Pricing to Minimize Subsidy Burden: Govt. is making available fertilizers (Urea & 21 grades of P&K fertilizers) to farmers at subsidized prices thru fertilizer manufacturers & importers.
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Enhancement of Pulses Production:

    โ‚น 500 cr. under National Food Security Mission is assigned to pulses.

  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana
    • PKVY is elaborated component of Soil Health Management (SHM) of major project National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) .
    • Under PKVY, Organic farming is promoted thru adoption of organic village by cluster approach & PGS certification.
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Development of Rainfed Agriculture

    National Rainfed Area Authority (NRAA) , farmers produce over 34 predominant crops (compared to 3 or 4 crops in irrigated tracts) , handle diverse crop livestock combinations & inland fisheries thereby maintaining Indiaีšs rich bio-diversity.

  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Irrigation
    • Out of 141 million ha of net cultivated area in country, only 46 % is covered w/irrigation.
    • Various initiatives taken by Govt. for irrigation development:
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) :
    • 28.5 lakh ha will be brought under irrigation under this Scheme.
    • Long Term Irrigation Fund: dedicated Long Term Irrigation Fund will be created in NABARD w/initial corpus of about โ‚น 20,000 cr.
  • ๐Ÿ“ Promoting Scientific Agriculture Thru Micro-Irrigation:
    • Promoting micro-irrigation & fertigation, on very large scale, can be highly efficient towards increasing water & nutrient use efficiency.
    • National Project on Precision Agriculture on pattern of TNPFP should be launched w/integrated approach from advance production technologies to formation of FPOs & linking them w/markets.
    • Studies done by LSE, Harvard, IIM-A & other premier global institution show increase of 80 % to 600 % extra yields in diff. crops under TN Precision Farming Project.
    • Reducing Crop Losses from Pests
      • Crop losses in India are huge & estimates range from โ‚น 90,000 to โ‚น 1.50 lac cr. annually.
      • Pesticides play imp. role in crop productivity, cost reduction & quality improvement & in protecting crops from pests & diseases.
    • Biotechnology

      India must have clear vision of GM crops. As per studies, BT cotton only has contributed more than โ‚น 80,000 cr. of additional output value to farmers.

    • Farm Mechanization

      Thru MANAGE network of ACABCs, Custom Hiring Centres can be promoted effectively by enhanced incentivization & by provisioning to hire agribusiness consulting companies.

    • Agricultural Credit

      For 2015 - 16, NABARD had projected annual credit potential of โ‚น 47,756.43 cr. pre for some of priority sectors including water resources, land development, farm mechanization, dairy, poultry, fishery, construction of storage go-downs & market yards & promoting renewable sources of energy & waste management.

Towards Doubling Farmersีš Income by 2022

  • To double income of farmers by 2022, in nominal terms, which donีšt take inflation into a/c, would require 15 % compounded income growth rate, which is marginal increase over achieved increase from 2003 to 2013.
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ 40 recommendations for increasing incomes of farmers, are divide into 5 parts:
    • Increasing incomes by improving crop productivity
    • Water & agricultural input policies
    • Integrated Farming System
    • Better market price realization
    • Special Policy Measures
  • Indian Council of Food & Agriculture organized national consultation on 30th April, 2016.
  • Meet was chaired by Prof. MS Swaminathan.
  • Various fronts:
  • Diversification of Agriculture:
    • In 1st Green Revolution areas such as Punjab, Haryana & Western UP.
    • Crops like maize, soybean, pulses, oilseeds, fruits & vegetables.
  • Promotion of Intensive Vegetable Production:

    Provide 5 times higher annual income to tune of โ‚น 2 lakhs per acre.

  • Integrated Farming System
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Dairy Husbandry & Fisheries:
    • Govt. has extended facility of Kisan Credit Cards (KCC) to sector.
    • For setting up Fisheries & Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund in fisheries sector & Animal Husbandry, Infrastructure Development Fund for financing infrastructure requirement of animal husbandry sector is allocated.
  • Better Market Price Realization (MSP)
  • Operation Greens:

    Addresses price volatility of perishable commodities such as potatoes, tomatoes & onions at outlay of 500 cr.

  • Development of Warehouses for Reducing Post Harvest Losses:

    Reducing post-harvest losses by strengthening grain storage infrastructure, cool chain systems for perishables, post-harvest processing & value addition, transport, marketing, commerce & trade is essentially imp.

  • Revision of APMC Act:

    Recommended to amend APMC act by all states to encourage competitive marketing environment & participation in NAM.

  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Launch of e-NAM:

    Launch of NAM requires easing of norms of licensing to enable seamless participation of buyers from across country, movements of goods w/o restriction, harmonization of tax laws.

Skill Development & Employment For Rural Youth

  • To capitalize on Indiaีšs demographic advantage, 1st National Policy for Skill Development was formulated in 2009.
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Policy aimed to increase capacity & capability of existing skill system to ensure equitable access to all, promote life-long learning, maintain quality & relevance according to changing requirements create convergence b/w school education, various skill development efforts of Govt. & b/w Govt. & pvt. sector, enhance capacity of training institutions among other objectives.
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ National Policy on Skill Development, 2009 set target for skilling 500 million persons by 2022 involving all stakeholders including concerned Ministries & Departments.
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ New National Policy for Skill Development & Entrepreneurship was announced in 2015.
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Policy aims to scale up skilling initiatives w/speed, standard & sustainability.
  • Institutional Infrastructure for skill development consists of National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) , National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) & National Skill Development Fund (NSDF) .
  • In 2014, these were subsumed under newly created Department of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship later converted to Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship in 2015.

Skilling Programs for Rural Youth

  • ๐Ÿ“ Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) :
    • PMKVY, flagship scheme on skilling was launched in 2015.
    • Scheme provides industry relevant skill training to youth to enable them secure better livelihood.
    • Scheme provides short-term training to job seekers as well as Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) to existing workforce thru accredited & affiliated training partner/training centres & ensures placement.
    • Projects under PMKVY:
      • Bru Project:

        Project aims for skilling of Bru tribe of Mizoram, who were displaced & currently living in Internally Displaced Person (IDP) camps in dist. of North Tripura.

      • Katkari primitive tribe:

        Project aims to skill 1020 candidates from Katkari tribe of Maharashtra.

      • Project YUVA is joint initiative of NSDC & Delhi Police under which Delhi Police is to connect young 3,000 deprived youth across capital by upgrading their skill as per their capability.
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) :

    DDU-GKY is placement linked skill-training program to empower rural poor youth w/employable skills & facilitate their participation in labour market.

  • ๐Ÿ“ Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs) :
    • Ministry of Rural Development is implementing RSETIs for rural youth which seeks to diversify household income of rural poor.
    • RSETI is 3-way partnership amongst Ministry of Rural Development, State Govt. & Banks.
    • Startup Village Entrepreneurship Program (SVEP) helps rural poor including artisans & weavers to set up enterprises at village level in non-agricultural sectors.
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (SAUBHAGYA) :
    • SAUBHAGYA initiated vocational training of rural youth in 6 states; Assam, Bihar, MP, Jharkhand, Odisha & UP.
    • Youth are to be trained in 2 job lovers; Lineman Distribution & Technical Helper.
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Takshashila (Trainers & Assessors Portal) :
    • National Portal for Trainers & Assessors is initiative of NSDC.
    • Portal is dedicated platform towards management of trainers & assessors training life-cycle & would function as central repository of information concerning development of quality Trainers & Assessors in Indian skill ecosystem.
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ UDAAN:

    UDAAN is special initiative to address needs of educated unemployed in J&K.

  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Himayat:

    Himayat is training-cum-placement program for unemployed youth mainly school/college dropouts of J&K.

  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ National Career Service (NCS) :

    NCS project comprises of digital portal that provides nationwide online platform for job seekers & employers for job matching in dynamic, efficient & responsive manner & has repository of career content.

  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Pradhan Mantri Yuva Udyami Vikas Abhiyan (PM-YUVA) :

    Scheme aims to create enabling ecosystem for entrepreneurship development thru entrepreneurship education & training across country in select Institutes of Higher Learning, schools, Industrial Training Centres & Entrepreneurship Development Centres for over 5 years (2017 - 18 to 2021 - 22) .

Employment Generation of Rural Youth

  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee scheme (MGNREGS) aims at social inclusion thru creation of productive assets as well as enhance livelihood security by providing atleast 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in F. Y. to every adult member of household who volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
  • Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprise (MSME) is implementing PMีšs Employment Generation Program (PMEGP) .
  • It is major credit-linked subsidy program aimed at generating self-employment opportunities thru establishment of micro-enterprise in non-farm sector by helping traditional artisans & unemployed youth.
  • ๐Ÿ‘Œ Stand-Up India scheme launched in April 2016 facilitates bank loans from Commercial banks ranging b/w โ‚น 10 lakh-1 cr. to atleast one SC/ST borrower & at least one woman borrower per bank branch for setting up greenfield enterprises intrading, services or manufacturing sector.
  • Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana launched in extends collateral free loans below โ‚น 10 lakh in non-agricultural sector to individuals to enable them to set up or expand their business activities.
Progressive Rural Development: Kurukshetra June 2018 Summary (in Hindi)

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