Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD) Virus Ecology (Download PDF)

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Kyasanur Forest Disease is a viral infectious disease and is endemic to the south and southwestern parts of India. Karnataka Government passed an order to establish a monkey park in Shimoga district of Karnataka. Locals of Shimoga district are opposing it by the fear of Kyasanur Forest Disease.

Kyasanur Forest Disease

Disease Preview

  • It is transmitted through tick bites to the monkey and through monkey, it gets transmitted to humans.
  • Kyasanur Forest Disease was identified in 1957 which occurred in the monkeys in the region of Kyasanur forest in Karnataka.
  • It killed so money monkeys in the forest and it is also called monkey disease.
  • Kyasanur Forest Disease has a high fatality rate in the monkeys as compared to humans.

Who Gets Affected?

  • Money and small mammals are the hosts for this virus.
  • The domestic animals like cows, goats also get affected by this disease while they move into the forest for grazing.
  • Kyasanur Forest Disease is not a human to human transmitted disease.
  • The people who collect firewood in that forest area, contacting and Handling dead money get affected by such diseases.

Symptoms

  • High fever with frontal headache
  • Hemorrhagic symptoms like bleeding from the nasal cavity, throat, gums, etc.
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Vomiting
  • Mental disturbance
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Absent reflexes
  • Prevention of disease
  • Vaccination is available.
  • Taking precautionary measures while contacting such infected animals.

Prevention

  • Vaccination is available.
  • Taking precautionary measures while contacting such infected animals.

- Published/Last Modified on: January 2, 2020

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