Lab Grown Meat Developed by IIT Guwahati Researchers (Download PDF)

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In a significant development towards the field of Science and Technology, the researchers from IIT Guwahati have developed lab grown meat on August 25,2019. This meat will have the essential nutrients and is being considered as an important step towards cruelty-free food.

Image shows of Lab Grown Meat from cell to steak

Image Shows of Lab Grown Meat from Cell to Steak

Image shows of Lab Grown Meat from cell to steak

Overview and Significance

  • The Lab-grown meat is expected to save the animals as well as the environment by providing eco-friendly and cruelty free food.

  • This novel technique of meat production has also been formulated and patented.

  • The taste would be similar to that of the raw meat along with improvised nutritional values.

  • The lab grown meat involves muscle progenitor cells being isolated from animals via small biopsies grown on edible material base.

  • The fat cells, cartilage cells or bone cells can be successfully grown in connection with the muscle stem cells in different layers.

  • In order to increase the nutrient content of the meat products, support matrix is being made and maintained using the edible components.

  • These meat products can be printed in varying shapes and sizes using a 3D bio- printer.

  • The lab grown meat is also believed to have immense value not only in India but also in the international market.

Meat Industry Challenges

  • The rapid growth in population has created an utmost pressure in meeting the food requirements. It has been observed that the current meat industry will not be able to meet the global needs by 2050.

  • Producing one kg of chicken meat and mutton meat require 4,000 and 8,000 litres of water respectively.

  • The greenhouse gas emissions contributed by the livestock industry is higher than the greenhouse gas emissions produced by the entire world transport system combined.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 27, 2019

Science/Technology

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