Point-Wise Current-Affairs & GS (Includes Important PIB Updates) 2020 with Maps & Data- IAS, SSC Etc

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  • Apr 22, 2020
  • 1 Revamp of PMFBY and RWBCIS [ Agriculture/Agro Industries ]

    Revamp of PMFBY and RWBCIS

    • Recently, revamp of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) and the Restructured Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (RWBCIS) has been approved by Union Cabinet.

    • The revamped scheme will come into effect from the Kharif season 2020.

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  • 2 First Ever Khelo India University Games [ Sports ]

    First Ever Khelo India University Games

    • The first Khelo India University Games is going to be launched in Bhuwaneshwar, Odisha.

    • The game will be launched by Prime Minister of India through video conferencing.

    • The Khelo India University games are being launched by the governmen

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  • Apr 20, 2020
  • 1 How to Write a Good Research Paper [ Defense ]

    How to Write a Good Research Paper

    Writing a good research paper is not that difficult if one is well read and has done a good amount of research on the topic concerned. Here, the article would list out the point’s one need to take care while preparing a research paper.

    An Effec

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  • 2 Significance of UNCITRAL Deliberation and Draft Convention and India’s Issue Resolution [ International Relations/Organizations ]

    India’s participation in the deliberations at the United Nations Commission. International Trade Law (UNCITRAL). Commercial disputes can be resolved through mediation also apart from courts and arbitration.

    • Formulation of principles on which countries should recognise and enfor

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  • 3 India in US’s STA-1 List-Import of Dual-Use Tech and Strategic Trade Authorization [ Science/Technology ]

    High-technology dual exports to India has been eased by the US after 1½ years of negotiations. India has been granted exemption under the Strategic Trade Authorisation-1 list.

    India-US Defense Ties

    • The civil nuclear deal was signed between the two countries in 2008.

    • Gaining ac

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  • 4 India at SCO Summit and Indo-US COMCASA Agreement [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    To attend the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organisation) summit as a full member. Both India and Pakistan became part of the grouping last year which was finalized at the summit held in Astana, Kazakhstan. Under the SCO Summit India enjoys an opportunity to showcase the kind of powe

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  • Apr 18, 2020
  • 1 BIMSTEC Summit 2018-Kathmandu Declaration [ Science/Technology ]

    Fourth BIMSTEC Summit was concluded recently in Kathmandu, Nepal. Remarkable progress in reforming the structural and procedural framework although concerns remain there. BIMSTEC consists of India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal. Drafting a charter for

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  • 2 Approval on Kartarpur Corridor and Status of Rohingyas [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Kartarpur Corridor

    Approved by the Cabinet. To enable smooth passage of pilgrims willing to visit Pakistan’s Kartarpur Sahib. Kartarpur Gurudwara stands on the bank of River Ravi, about 120 km northeast of Lahore.

    • Kartarpur Sahib is also supposed to be Guru Nanak’s final restin

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  • 3 Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY) and UBI (Universal Basic Income) Concept [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    PMRGY

    Ministry of labour and employment. PMRY Joined Workforce- Over one crore new employees between August 2016 and March 2019.57 % of them came from 5 States- Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat and Haryana.

    • Operational since August 2016.

    • Launched for incentivising e

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  • 4 RSBY Implementation Challenges and Adopt a Heritage Scheme [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    RSBY Implementation Challenges

    Estimated workforce of 47 crores. Eight crores are organized workers. 39 crores are workers in the unorganized sector. Every year about 36 million families or 14 % of households face a medical bill.

    • RSBY was launched in 2008 as the health insuranc

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  • Apr 17, 2020
  • 1 Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Abhiyan [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Recently launched by the government of India. World’s largest health protection scheme. Coverage- To target over 10 crore families based on SECC (Socio-Economic Caste Census) database.

    • No cap on family size and age in the scheme.

    • Insurance Scheme Coverage- Pre and Post-hospita

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  • 2 Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA) [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Launched recently by the centre. To ensure better prices for farm produce. Related to paddy, wheat and other cereals and coarse grains where procurement is at MSP now.

    • PSS- Physical procurement of pulses, oilseeds and copra will be done by Central Nodal Agencies.

    • NAFED and Foo

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  • 3 The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019 [ Bills ]

    Prohibits Commercial Surrogacy. Allows Altruistic Surrogacy. Commercial surrogacy- Monetary benefit or reward exceeding the basic medical expenses and insurance coverage will be given to the surrogate mother. Altruistic surrogacy- No monetary compensation to the surrogate mother

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  • 4 Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 [ Bills ]

    Introduced in the Lok Sabha. Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment. Provides for recognition of identity of transgender persons. Prohibition against discrimination. Welfare measures by the Government. Obligation of establishments and other persons. Education, social securit

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  • 5 Striking Away the Beggary Act and Significance of the NCBC Bill [ Bills ]

    Beggary Act

    Delhi High Court struck down as unconstitutional, certain sections of Bombay Prevention of Beggary Act, 1959 as extended to Delhi. No Central Act in India on beggary. Most of the states and Union Territories have used the Bombay Prevention of Beggary Act, 1959. The ma

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  • Apr 14, 2020
  • 1 Anti-Trafficking Bill, 2018 [ Bills ]

    Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill), 2018. Passed recently by the Lok Sabha. A stringent punishment- from 10 years up to life imprisonment for aggravated forms of trafficking. Punishment category- Trading of persons for bonded labour ‘or beari

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  • 2 National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill 2019 [ Bills ]

    As soon as the NMC bill is enacted, the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956, will stand repealed. Medical Council of India (MCI) - Medical education regulator in India. An earlier version was introduced in the last Lok Sabha. The bill lapsed at the end of the term of the last Lok Sa

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  • 3 DNA Regulation Bill [ Bills ]

    Cleared by the Cabinet. DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2018. Re-introduction in Parliament.

    Needs and Provisions

    • Creation of a regulatory framework for obtaining, storing and testing of DNA samples of human beings (Purpose of criminal investigations).

    • To

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  • 4 HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Act and Indian Medical Council (Amendment) Bill, 2018 [ Health, Bills ]

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Prevention and Control Act

    Evolution

    • India- third largest HIV-infected population with an estimated 2 million people.

    • Aim is to decrease new infections by 75 % between 2010 and 2020 and eliminate AIDS by 2030.

    • A

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  • 5 Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2019 [ Bills ]

    Health workforce would be more productive. Occurrence of fewer accidents and mishaps at work would be economically beneficial. For well-being of the workers, safety, health, welfare and improved working conditions are pre-requisite.

    • The Code repeals and replaces 13 labour laws

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  • Apr 11, 2020
  • 1 World Pangolin Day [ Environment/Ecology, Important Days ]

    The Madhya Pradesh Forest Department announced the successful radio-tagging of the Indian pangolin recently.

    • The announcement was done on 9th World Pangolin Day, which was celebrated on February 15,2020.

    • The two rescued pangolins were released in Satpura Tiger Reserve six mont

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  • 2 Dolphin Population in Gahirmatha Halves [ Environment/Ecology ]

    As per dolphin census report released recently, the dolphin population has come down to more than half in Odisha’s Bhitarkanika National Park and Gahirmatha seawaters.

    • In the latest headcount, only 62 dolphins were spotted, whereas the headcount was 126 last year.

    • The census w

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  • 3 New Bacteria Will Help Fight Climate Change and IIT to Set up Research Centre in Data Science [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    A new species of soil bacteria that is capable of breaking down organic matter has been discovered by researchers at Cornell University.

    • The bacteria can degrade even cancer causing chemicals that are released on burning of coal, gas, oil and refuse.

    Overview

    • Bacterium Parabur

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  • 4 Code on Wages Bill, 2019 [ Bills ]

    The New Code on Wages bill, 2019. Cleared by the Union Cabinet.

    Current System

    • Mentions 13 most vulnerable categories of employment.

    • The minimum wages are fixed by both the state governments and the Centre.

    • Variance of rates in terms of skill sets, sectors and location.

    Cha

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  • 5 The Chit Funds (Amendment) Bill, 2019 [ Bills ]

    Seeks to amend the Chit Funds Act, 1982. Introduced in the Lok Sabha recently.

    The 1982 Act

    • Regulates chit funds.

    • Prohibits a fund from being created without the prior sanction of the state government.

    • Chit fund- People agree to pay a certain amount from time to time into a f

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  • 6 Road Safety Bill - Motor Vehicle Bill 2017, 2019 [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill (2017)

    To better the quality of roads and improve safety standards. The bill has failed to make any progress in the Rajya Sabha since last year. Re-introduction in Parliament.

    Challenges

    • Potholes have become a major challenge for accidental deat

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  • Apr 10, 2020
  • 1 Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill and MSME Bill 2018 [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    Fugitive Economic Offender’s Bill 2018

    Approved by the Lok Sabha. Definition-The fugitive economic offender as an individual who has committed a scheduled offence or offences involving an amount of ₹100 crore or more. Absconded from India. Refused to come back to India to avoid f

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  • 2 Education: The “Institutes of Excellence” [ Education, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Marked with controversies and irrationality in approach. Made the entire “higher education reform process” look like a big sham. Clearly eroded the credibility of the initiative.

    “Institutes of Eminence” (IoE)

    • Proposed to be granted for some well performing universities.

    • Grea

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  • 3 Vulnerable Sections and Juvenile Justice Act, 2015 [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    JJ Act 2000 was amended in 2015 with a provision allowing for Children in Conflict with Law (CCL). To be tried as adults under certain circumstances. Defines a child as someone who is under age 18. As per the amended Act, children in the age group 16 - 18 as a category which can

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  • 4 Health: HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Act, MMR, Oxytocin, RTS Vaccine [ Health ]

    HIV Act

    The Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Prevention and Control) Act. A legal obligation to protect the privacy of persons with HIV and AIDS. India has the third largest HIV-infected population (estimated 2 million).

    • To decrease new infe

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