Point-Wise Current-Affairs & GS (Includes Important PIB Updates) 2021 with Maps & Data- IAS, SSC Etc

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  • Nov 6, 2020
  • 1 Vaccine Stages (16-31 July 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Vaccine Stages

    • Exploratory stage: Consists of basic laboratory research and identification of antigens, which alert the body to harmful pathogens
    • Pre-clinical stage: Animal testing to see if it stimulates immune system
    • Clinical trial stage: is a three-phase process:
      • Phase I: small gr…

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  • 2 Drugs (16-31 July 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Drugs

    • Remdesivir – by Gilead for Ebola & MERS
    • Dexamethasone – Compassionate use

    Overview

    • Infliximab – autoimmune disease prevents cytokine storm
    • Favilavir – antiviral
    • Convalescent Plasma – Passive treatment
    • Hydroxychloroquine – Malaria (not success)
    • Lopinavir/Ritonavir – antiretroviral (…

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  • 3 Covid-19 Lockdown & Transport (16-31 July 2020) [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Covid-19 Lockdown & Transport

    Overview

    • Bus operators reluctant to start operation with low occupancies.
    • Overall cost of operations of bus transport has reduced by 4 % during the lockdown, the traffic revenue has reduced by a massive 48 % . This has cre…

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  • Nov 3, 2020
  • 1 Field Beans (DTE 1-15 July 2019) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Field Beans

    • Field beans can be a nutritious addition to legumes.
    • Brown seeds of a legume called kadve Val and one with the cream coloured split seeds called dal val.
    • The bean is more popular in Karnataka than in Maharashtra and is called avarekalu. Karnataka cultivates about 90 % of…

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  • 2 Threat to Biodiversity (DTE 1-15 July 2019) [ Economy, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Apis Dorsata Bee

    • Largest producer of wild honey.
    • An Indian Rock Bee.
    • Dorsata are destroyed in a single day in the Bengaluru between January and June 2020.
    • Dorsata is an important pollinator.
    • The giant honey bee build nests that are exposed in lofty sites.
    • The largest species of the Api…

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  • 3 COVID & Related Facts (DTE 1-15 July 2019) [ Science/Technology, Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Drug – Reality Check!

    • A brutal fight to corner the successful outcome of research.
    • Use of money power to grab the first rights to promising vaccines and therapies.
    • Drug firms are leading the race for COVID-19 drugs,
    • The vaccine works or not only will the future tell.
    • The hype has help…

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  • 4 Haryana & Rice Cultivation (DTE 1-15 July 2019) [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Haryana & Rice Cultivation

    • Haryana՚s attempt to curb area under paddy to save groundwater.
    • Farmers point out flaws in its effort.
    • Haryana govt. wants the farmers to shift to some other crop farming from paddy.
    • Less water consuming crops are maize and pulses.
    • Paddy being a water-guzzle…

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  • 5 Racism & Its Genetics (DTE 1-15 July 2019) [ Science/Technology, Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Racism & Its Genetics

    HERC2 Genes and OCA2

    • Associated with the light skin, eyes and hair in Europeans.
    • According to Science Journal study report these two genes arose in Africa.
    • Developing skin colour is a biological process.
    • People in Africa have almost every skin colour on the plane…

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  • 6 Tiranga Disease & Viral Diseases in Tomato (DTE 1-15 July 2019) [ Environment/Ecology, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Tiranga Disease & Viral Diseases in Tomato

    • Tiranga disease has stirred up similar panic and helplessness among farmers in Maharashtra.
    • Across Pune, Satara, Ahmednagar and Nashik.
    • Tomatoes turning abnormally yellow, ripening prematurely getting mushy and deformed.
    • Crop loss up to 90 %…

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  • Nov 2, 2020
  • 1 Largest Solar Power Plant of Navy Commissioned [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology ]

    Largest Solar Power Plant of Navy Commissioned

    • A 3 MW Solar Power Plant at Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala has been commissioned.
    • It is in line with Government of India initiative of ‘National Solar Mission.’
    • National Solar Mission aims to achieve 100 GW of solar power by 2022.

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  • 2 Social Security Kurukshetra July 2020: Agriculture for Self-Reliance, Social Security, Education [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Kurukshetra ]

    Social Security Kurukshetra July 2020

    Agriculture for Self-Reliance, Social Security, Education

    • Project includes housing, water, sanitation, Panchayat bhavan, community toilets, rural roads, infrastructure, mandis, Anganwadis
    • Opportunity for re…

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  • 3 Human Genome Project (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Science/Technology, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    • An international scientific research project.
    • Successful completion in the year 2003.
    • Sequencing the entire human genome of 3.3 billion base pairs.
    • A genome is an organism՚s complete set of Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (DNA) .
      • Includes all of its genes.
      • Each genome contains all of the inf…

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  • 4 Environment Matters (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Unemployment Rate

    • 2.3 times increase in the unemployment rate in the past one year.
    • 75.8 % unemployment rate in Puducherry in April 2020.
    • 47.1 % unemployment rate in Jharkhand in April 2020.

    Climate Change-Seasonal Variations

    • 2019 was the 7th warmest year on record with an annual avg.…

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  • 5 Two-Lobbed Leaves of Kachnar (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Two-Lobbed Leaves of Kachnar

    • Highly nutritious
    • Shaped like butterfly wings.
    • Look like orchids with a delicate fragrance.
    • Belongs to the legume family and lives in a symbiotic relationship with Rhizobium bacteria which helps fix atmospheric nitrogen and improves soil fertility.
    • Not as …

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  • 6 Drug Giants Dismiss WHO Patents Pool (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Science/Technology, Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Drug Giants Dismiss WHO Patents Pool

    • Big Pharma՚s rejection of a patents pool to make the technology accessible.
    • Blunt to the point of being brutal.
    • The Pharma industry is unlikely to back the initiative for pooling intellectual property to fight the pandemic.

    COVID-19 Technology Acc…

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  • 7 Worst Comes to the Worst (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Worst Comes to the Worst

    • Virus is spreading more rapidly with lockdowns being lifted.
    • Focus on India, Africa and South Asia.
    • Most people globally are still susceptible to infection.
    • Community transmission in Delhi.
    • There was a huge exodus of workers in May and in the first week of Jun…

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  • 8 Deadlines (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Deadlines

    • More than 70 % of coal-fired power plants will not meet the environment norms by 2022.
    • Union ministry of environment, forest and climate change (MoEFCC) .
    • Reported b Delhi based non-profit Centre for Science and Environment.
    • About 56 % of the country՚s energy needs are gene…

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  • Nov 2, 2020
  • 1 Dangerous Dilution (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Dangerous Dilution

    • Change of Forest Rights Act in Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Odisha, Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MOTA) will hit forest-dwelling communities hard.
    • One fourth of India՚s tribes live in these three states.
    • These states modified the Scheduled Tribes and other Traditio…

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  • 2 Wildlife be Damned (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Wildlife Be Damned

    • Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
    • A gas well on fire poses an existential threat to Assam՚s Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.
    • Smoke mushroom hangs over Assam՚s Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.
    • Billowing methane and crude oil uncontrollably for the …

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  • 3 Daily Dose of Antibiotics (DTE 16-30 June 2020) [ Health, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    • Injection of antibiotics in livestock.
    • Chances of these antibiotics being passed to humans.
    • Delhi based non-profit Centre for Science and Environment.
    • Farmers should wait after an antibiotic is given to an animal before its milk is sold.
    • Use of only penicillin, gentamicin, streptomyc…

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  • Oct 31, 2020
  • 1 Covid-19 Lockdown & Pollution (16-31 July 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Covid-19 Lockdown & Pollution

    Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad and Bengaluru PM

    Overview

    • Nitrogen dioxide () , which comes primarily from road transport and is linked to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma and hypertension, Bengaluru saw a 55 % drop in NO2 levels…

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  • 2 Covid-19 Biomedical Waste Issues (16-31 July 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Covid-19 Biomedical Waste Issues

    • 500 % increase in biomedical waste generation
    • Dispose in yellow packets (Color code)
    • Test sewage samples
    • In Gurugram, biomedical waste generated due to covid-19 has increased from 500 kg a day in April to 3,000 kg a day in June
    • Households – keep in bag…

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  • 3 Education & Digital Divide (16-31 July 2020) [ Science/Technology, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Education & Digital Divide

    • Regional disparity
    • Gender disparity
    • Urban-rural disparity
    • Mobile Devices

    Overview

    • Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) on June 29, the country had over 1,160 million wireless subscribers in February 2020, up from 1,010 mill…

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  • 4 Tit Bits (16-31 July 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    • Plastic Waste Issue – Global Dependence & India՚s Changing Policies
    • Verkhoyansk, Siberia to India – Climate Impact

    Plastic Story

    • Prior to the 2018 ban, 95 % of European Union՚s and 70 % of USA՚s plastic waste collected for recycling was sold and shipped to China. The dependence on C…

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  • 5 Cultural Missions in India [ Science/Technology, Health, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    National Mission for Manuscripts (NAMAMI)

    • Autonomous organization under Ministry of Culture, GoI
    • Aims to survey, locate and conserve Indian manuscripts, create national resource base for manuscripts, enhance access, awareness and use for educational purposes
    • Initiated in February 20…

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  • 6 Plague: Infectious Disease [ Economy, Health ]

    • A class of dangerous, life-threatening and infectious disease. Prevailed from medieval times in the 13th century.
    • Mainly caused by:
      • The gram-negative
      • Rod-shaped coccobacillus called Yersinia pestis
    • In the middle ages ( 5th - 15th century) it was also known as the ‘Black Death’ as it …

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  • 7 Yojana 2020: IFLOWS: Flood Warning System [ Science/Technology, Yojana ]

    iFLOWS

    Flood Warning System

    • A state of the art Integrated Flood Warming System.
    • Ministry of Earth Sciences in collaboration with BMC.
    • Will help Mumbai become more resilient?
    • Providing early warnings during high rainfall events and cyclones.
    • Estimate of the flood inundation 3 days in ad…

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  • 8 Yojana 2020: Satyajit Ray’S Films: Deconstruction of Men and Masculinities [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Yojana ]

    • Early Indian cinema the hero represented as a masculine archetypal image.
    • In Mainstream films, the hero is depicted as mystique images.
    • Satyajit ray tried to deconstruct the image of hero.
    • He represented men and masculinities as not monolithic but diverse and plural.

    Mahanagar (1963)…

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  • Oct 31, 2020
  • 1 Yojana 2020: Export Strategy [ Education, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Yojana ]

    • Import substitution unlike its general perception is not undesirable.
    • It is not inward looking in the sense of closing door to imports.
    • It is focussed on developing domestic capability and prowess to reduce dependence on imports.
    • Disruption of supply chains can depriv…

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  • Oct 28, 2020
  • 1 Yojana 2020: Effective Resource Management [ Education, Health, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Yojana ]

    Harnessing Skills of Migrants (Bihar)

    • Map skillsets of all incoming migrants.
    • Developing comprehensive district employment plan.
    • Engaging Migrants Labour in Existing Developmental Activities.
    • Bridge training is organized after the migrant՚s skills are mapped.
    • Their services are being …

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