List of Important Committees in India- 2018 (Part - 3), Culture and Disaster Management (Download PDF)

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Corporate Insolvency and liquidation panel - Chairperson Uday Kotak, Purpose To consolidate and amend laws relating to reorganization as well as insolvency resolution of corporate persons, partnership firms and individuals in a time bound manner.

International Organisation of Securities Commission (IOSCO) Panels

  • Chairperson Pramod Kumar Nagpal and Amarjeet Singh

  • Purpose Pramod Kr. Nagpal — Committee on Issuer Accounting, Audit and Disclosure. Amarjeet Singh — Assessment Committee.

Digital Payment Committee

  • Chairperson Ratan P. Watal

  • Purpose To boost Digital Payment System in India

Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science and Technology

  • Chairperson Renuka Choudhary

  • Purpose Prevent the fires in the Himalayan forests spread across Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kahsmir.

Kelkar Committee (Revisiting and Revitalising PPP on Infrastructure)

  • Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) in infrastructure refer to the provision of a public asset and service by a private partner. PPPs in infrastructure represent a valuable instrument to speedup infrastructure development in India.

  • External Factors- The economic slowdown across the world and the credit crisis slowed the demand for goods and services.

  • Balance sheets of most prominent developers in the country are stressed and over leveraged

  • RECOMMENDATIONS: Change in attitude and in the mind-set of all authorities dealing with PPPs. Government may take early action to amend the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. Structured capacity building programmes for different stakeholders. The need for a national level institution to support institutional capacity building activities must be explored. A rational allocation of risks can only be undertaken in sector and project-specific contexts. Committee also emphasizes that a generic risk monitoring and evaluation framework should be developed. Committee recommends, encouraging the banks and financial institution to issue Deep Discount Bonds or Zero Coupon Bonds (ZCB).

Sailesh Nayak Committee on Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ)

  • Sailesh Nayak committee report was commissioned in June 2014 after states expressed dissatisfaction regarding the limitations set by the CRZ notification of 2011. The Sailesh Nayak committee report was released after demand under Right to Information (RTI) Act in June 2016.

  • Recommendations In view of the immense importance of the Ecologically Sensitive Areas (ESAs) , the MoEF&CC may formulate concrete proposals and initiate activities for the conservation and protection of these ecosystems. The ecosystems can also attract tourism if properly managed. The coastal areas also are places where several historical, archaeological and heritage value structures. State Pollution Control Boards should be entrusted to take up the Government’s initiative of “Swachchh Bharat Abhiyaan” in the coastal and marine waters as well.

  • List of prohibited activities in the CRZ area- Setting up of new industries and expansion. Manufacture or handling of oil storage or disposal of hazardous substances. Disturbing the natural course of seawater. Discharge of untreated waste and effluents.

Culture

Neolithic pottery discovered in Kashmir, beyond

  • 4, 000 year old pot excavated in the Haigam area of Sopore in Kashmir.

  • First piece of Neolithic pottery in Kashmir that has been found entirely intact.

  • Before this, only stone tools, pieces of pottery, and some human remains unearthed.

  • A remarkable progress is noticed in human civilization in the Neolithic Age.

  • In India Neolithic Age is not earlier than 6000 BC and at some places in South and Eastern India; it is as late as 1000 BC.

Deep Dharohar

  • Festival organised by Ministry of Culture to reclaim the lost classical and folk traditions of Deepawali.

  • Launched with objective of transmitting, promoting and conserving India’s diverse heritage.

  • Projected as part of Paryatan Parv being organised by Ministry of Tourism.

  • It is drawing upon rich repository of red, grey and black ware potters, reed artisans, rural sculptors, weavers, Madhubani, Gond, Phad and Pattachitra artists and bamboo artisans.

National Banana Festival 2018

  • National Banana Festival (NBF-2018) was held at Kalliyoor, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala from February 17 to 21.

  • Organised by Centre for Innovation in Science and Social action (CISSA) in partnership with Kalliyoor Gram Panchayat and host of National and State organisations.

  • Help farmers get exposure to new technologies and new species in banana cultivation.

  • Festival provided first-hand information to the farmers and general public about its multifaceted uses of banana.

Mahamastak Abhisheka Mahotsav 2018: Inaugurated by President

  • Mahamastak Abhishek Mahotsav 2018 of Gommateshwara Bhagwan Sri Bahubali Swami at Shravanabelagola was inaugurated.

  • Monolith statue is a classic example of India’s rich culture, architecture, artistry and workmanship.

  • Head-anointing ceremony of 57-feet tall monolithic statue of Gommateshwara Bhagwan Sri Bahubali Swami.

  • Celebrated once every 12 years for about a 1, 000 years.

  • Ceremony in 2018 is 88th in series that commenced in 981 A. D.

  • Second Mahamastak Abhisheka of 21st Century.

President Opens Rashtrapati Bhavani’s Annual Udyanotsav

  • Mughal gardens of the Rashtrapati Bhavan opened for the public after inauguration by President on 5th Feb from February 6 to March 9.

  • Visitors also would be able to see other gardens including Circular, Spiritual, Herbal, Bonsai, Tactile and Musical gardens.

  • Rashtrapati Bhavan is located in 130-hectare (320 acre) President Estate.

  • The estate includes the huge presidential gardens- Mughal Gardens.

  • The Rashtrapati Bhavan gardens are open to the public in February every year.

ASI Survey to Trace 50 Missing Monuments in the Country

  • As many as 24 monuments declared “untraceable” by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

  • Out of these:

    • 11 monuments are in Uttar Pradesh,

    • 2 each in Haryana, Delhi, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan

    • 1 each in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, and West Bengal.

Classification of Missing Monuments:

  • Number of monuments/sites affected due to rapid urbanization: 14

  • Number of monuments/sites submerged under reservoir/dam: 12

  • Number of monuments/sites which are untraceable: 24

4 Missions of Ministry of Culture- National Mission on Monuments

  • Ministry of Culture has 4 important Missions namely:

    • National Mission on Monuments & Antiquities (NMMA)

    • National Mission on Manuscripts

    • National Mission on Libraries

    • Gandhi Heritage Sites Mission

  • National Mission for Manuscripts (NMM) established in 2003 for 5 years subsequently extended twice.

  • It works through a network of 100 centers and 350 sub-centers.

  • Expected Output of NMMA:

    • National Register on Built Heritage & Sites

    • National Register on Antiquities

What is Project Mausam? 39 Countries Identified Under Project ‘Mausam’

  • Project ‘Mausam’ is the initiative of Ministry of Culture to be implemented by ASI as the nodal agency with research support of Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) and National Museum as associate bodies.

  • Inscribe places and sites identified under Project Mausam as trans-national nomination for inscription on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.

  • Indian Mission abroad in selected countries will identify appropriate experts for dialogue and potential sites.

Losar Festival in Ladakh

  • Traditional festival of Losar.

  • Celebrated in Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir to mark the beginning of New Year.

  • 10 day festival began with illumination of religious and residential places and by visiting monasteries for prayer.

  • Ladakhi Buddhists make religious offering before their deities in domestic shrines or in the Gompas.

  • Houses are decorated with good luck signs.

  • Prayer flags are hoisted in important religious places to welcome the New Year.

Kumbh Mela Included in UNESCO List of Intangible Cultural Heritage

  • Intergovernmental Committee for Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage under UNESCO inscribed ‘Kumbh Mela’ on UNESCO’s Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

  • Kumbh Mela included in list based on recommendation by expert body examining nominations submitted by member countries of UNESCO during its 12th session of Committee held at Jeju, South Korea.

  • Kumbh Mela is the 14th intangible cultural heritage from India to be listed in UNESCO’s list.

  • This UNESCO’s list mentions those intangible heritage elements that demonstrate diversity of cultural heritage to raise awareness about its importance.

What is Indology? Professor Hiroshi Marui Gets 3rd ICCR Distinguished Indologist Award

  • Professor Hiroshi Marui of Japan won the 3rd Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) Distinguished Indologist Award for year 2017.

  • Dravidology is separate branch dedicated to the Dravidian languages of South India.

  • He is President of Japanese Association of Indian and Buddhist Studies.

  • He has made significant contribution to Indology in Japan.

  • Annual ICCR Distinguished Indologist Award is instituted by ICCR.

Aadi Mahotsav - Fortnight Long Tribal Festival - a Celebration of the Spirit of Tribal Culture

  • Fortnight long tribal festival Aadi Mahotsav feature exhibition-cum-sale of tribal handicrafts, art, paintings, fabric, jeweler and much more through about 200 stalls.

  • Theme: ‘A Celebration of the Spirit of Tribal Culture, Cuisine and Commerce’

  • Over 750 tribal artisans from over 25 States participate in the festival across at 4 venues throughout Delhi till 30th November 2017.

  • Festival features:

    • Exhibition-cum-sale of tribal handicrafts, art, paintings, fabric, jewelry and much more through about 200 stalls.

    • Tribal India cuisine, recreated and presented in delectable forms to suit urban tastes by special tribal chefs.

Lebong Omani Music Unique to Tripura – Special Focus Art & Culture

  • Tripura the third smallest country of India has a tropical monsoon climate.

  • So, it is mostly surrounded with tall green grass and Angiospermae across year.

  • Hence, creative and fun-loving local peoples found an entertaining and eco-friendly way to clear their exasperating pests.

  • Most popular tribe is Debbarmas forming one of the largest communities of Tripura.

  • The lebong Omani has magical affect at down-to-earth.

  • It produces a high-pitched sound so Insects are attracted from that sound and light.

Disaster Management

Overworked tracks make train travel unsafe

  • Recent rail accident near Khatauli station (UP) is a reminder of the dangers of the excessive over - utilisation of the lines.

  • India has large network of railways throughout the country. It has largest in Asia and the second largest in the world.

  • We have trains from one corner of India to the other corner.

Why the number of accidents in Indian railways is rising?

  • Over - utilization is leaving little time for safety inspections.

  • Rail fractures are caused by extreme weather.

  • Corrosion is another reason that may lead to accidents.

  • Coaches filled beyond capacity are also a hazard as any overloaded vehicle.

International Day for Disaster Reduction

  • This day held every year on 13th October since 1989 to promote a global culture of risk - awareness and disaster reduction.

  • 2017 campaign seeks to raise global awareness about effective actions, policies and practices taken to reduce exposure to disaster risk at the community level.

  • “Sendai Seven” campaign centred on the 7 targets of the Sendai Framework was launched last year.

  • First of the seven targets is reducing disaster mortality.

  • United Nation Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) acts as the designated agency for the coordination of disaster reduction strategies.

India’s First Automatic Early Warning Dissemination System (EWDS) to Come Up in Odisha

  • India’s first automatic Early Warning Dissemination System (EWDS) will be commissioned by March 2018 in Odisha.

  • Aims: To establish foolproof communication system to address existing gaps in disseminating disaster warning up to community level.

  • First automatic public address system in the country.

  • It will be activated as soon as there is a sign of a natural calamity along the entire coastline of the state.

  • Districts benefited from EWDS are

    • Balasore

    • Bhadrak

    • Ganjam

    • Jagatsinghpur

    • Kendrapara

    • Puri

What is DHARMA? International Dam Safety Conference to Be Held at Thiruvananthapuram

  • India will be hosting International Dam Safety Conference 2018 at Thiruvananthapuram on January 23 to 24.

  • India ranks 3rd globally with 5254 large dams in operation and about 447 are under construction.

  • In addition, there are several thousand smaller dams.

  • The project DRIP consists of three main components;

    • Component I: Rehabilitation of selected dams and their appurtenances

    • Component II: Institutional Strengthening

    • Component III: Project Management

What is Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR)?

  • SFDRR 2015 to 2030, is the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda.

  • Identifying targets and priority actions towards reducing disaster risks by resilient and sustainable development.

  • India became one of the first countries to align its National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) with SFDRR.

What is Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction?

  • Sendai Framework is 15-year voluntary, non-binding agreement recognizing state’s role in reducing disaster risk with responsibility shared with local government, private sector and other stakeholders.

  • It is the successor instrument to Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005 to 2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters.

BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise 2017

  • By conducting first Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation, Disaster Management Exercise (BIMSTEC DMEx-2017) India emerged as a frontline state for disaster risk reduction.

  • Members of BIMSTEC: Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan, and Nepal

  • 4 day long exercise was inaugurated by the Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh on October 10, 2017.

  • Promotes coordination, cooperation, and sharing of best practices for effective disaster management in the region.

  • Provides opportunity to countries to share and learn from each other’s experience.

NDMA Programme for CBRN Emergencies and Special Centre for Disaster Research at JNU

  • A training programme on CBRN (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear) emergencies was conducted by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) for improving preparedness of Parliament House Complex (PHC) security staff.

  • Trained a batch of 40 security personnel of PHC on various aspects of CBRN emergencies.

  • Training was done on basic life support, triage, and casualty carrying techniques.

  • Author of ‘Disaster Law, Emerging Thresholds’- Prof. Amita Singh is the first chairperson of the new Centre.

NDMA Considering UAVs in Disaster Management

  • National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is considering Application of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in Disaster Management by improving capacity of stakeholders to use UAVs and related technologies for better disaster preparedness and response.

  • UAVs deliver quick and efficient disaster response.

  • They provide safety for first responder especially in case of earthquakes, landslides, hurricanes and wildfires.

  • First responders deployed immediately in rough, often unexplored and dangerous working condition.

VNL and BSNL MoU to Launch Relief 123 Service for Disaster Management

  • Indian telecom equipment provider Vihaan Networks Limited (VNL) signed MoU with Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) launching Relief 123 service for disaster management.

  • 123 services will act as integrated disaster response solution for first responders and public safety agencies.

  • Designed and manufactured by VNL with BSNL will providing connectivity services.

  • Service based on “ResQMobil”.

Dams Causing Earthquakes: Capacity Building in Dam Safety Areas under Dam Rehabilitation

  • Pressure applied to often-fragile geological structures by the vast mass of water impounded by a big dam can give rise to earthquakes.

  • Landslide at the Vaiont dam in Italy in 1963 triggered off by seismic activity, killed 2, 000 people.

  • Central Water Commission (CWC) signed MoUs with IIT Roorkee and MNNIT Allahabad for dam rehabilitation support in areas of dam safety through World Bank assisted Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP).

  • DRIP is assisting rehabilitation of 225 dams in seven States experiencing different levels of distress.

Floods in Brahmaputra and Barak River Systems-Management of Water Resources

  • Government constituted a high-level committee for proper management of the water resources in the North Eastern Region (NER) under Chairmanship of Vice-Chairman, Niti Aayog.

  • Brahmaputra and Barak river systems account for 1/3rd of India’s run off, are highly prone to floods.

  • Prime Minister visit to Guwahati in August this year to review the flood situation and relief work in the North Eastern States exposed the poor water management.

  • Brahmaputra is one of the largest river systems in the world.

  • It causing considerable distress through frequent flooding and erosion.

What are the Guidelines of NDMA? Mega Mock Tsunami Exercise 2017 near Andaman & Nicobar Islands

  • Ministry of Home Affairs, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) conducted multi-State mega mock exercise on tsunami preparedness to simulate preparedness along the vulnerable eastern coastline.

  • Simulation conducted simultaneously in 35 coastal districts along the entire East Coast covering West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh & Tamil Nadu, and Union Territory of Puducherry.

Importance and Aim of the Exercises:

  • Improve the early warning and response against a high-intensity tsunami.

  • Tsunami is devastating natural hazard requiring rapid response.

  • It is significant as India’s eastern coast is susceptible to both cyclones and tsunamis.

  • It provides input to state and central agencies in updating their resources, procedures and plans.

What is Disaster Risk Reduction? Prime Minister’s 10 Point Agenda on (DRR)

With Asia-Pacific emerging as a global leader in disaster risk management there is need for improvements in early warning of cyclones and other natural disasters through the 10-point agenda for disaster risk reduction:

  • All development sectors must imbibe principles of disaster risk management.

  • Work towards risk coverage for all, starting from poor households to SMEs to multi-national corporations to nation states.

  • Encourage greater involvement and leadership of women in disaster risk management.

  • Invest in risk mapping globally.

  • Leverage technology to enhance the efficiency of our disaster risk management efforts.

  • Develop a network of universities to work on disaster issues.

  • Utilize the opportunities provided by social media and mobile technologies.

  • Build on local capacity and initiative.

  • Opportunities to learn from a disaster must not be wasted.

  • Bring about greater cohesion in international response to disasters.

Mission Retro-Fitment Launched

  • Suresh Prabhu, Minister of Railways launched Mission Retro-Fitment.

  • It improves existing fleet of coaches to make better experience for the passenger.

  • Make improvement in the furnishing & amenities of the Railways coaches under Indian Mission Retro-Fitment.

  • It is the most ambitious program of the ministry or railways.

  • Aim: To offer safe and comfortable travels to the railway passengers by renew coaches with better furnishing, aesthetics & amenities.

  • This is world largest retro fitment projects.

  • The mission will not affect the traffic operation.

Porbandar-Wansjaliya, Okha-Kanalus Sections of Gujarat Become Green Train Corridors

  • Union Ministry of Railways declared Okha-Kanalus and Porbandar-Wansjaliya railway sections of Gujarat as Green Train Corridors.

  • All trains passing on these 175-km long lines are now equipped with bio-toilets making them waste discharge free zone as part of the Swachh Bharat Mission.

  • Total 175 –km stretch includes:

    • 141-km-long Okha-Kanalus route

    • 34-km-long Porbandar-Wansjaliya route

  • 29 trains consisting with 700 coaches have bio-toilets to prevent open discharge on tracks.

- Published/Last Modified on: May 30, 2018

Committees/Govt. Bodies

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