Malabar Naval Exercise (Important) and Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Download PDF)


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Exercise Malabar is a trilateral naval exercise with United States, Japan, and India in the Indian Ocean. Japan became a permanent partner in 2015. Australia and Singapore were partners. It began in 1992 including activities ranging from fighter combat operations from aircraft carriers to Maritime Interdiction:

Image of Malabar Naval Exercise

Image of Malabar Naval Exercise

Image of Malabar Naval Exercise


  • Started in 1992 with US and India.
  • Japan became a permanent partner later.
  • June 2016, three countries held largest joint exercise with 11 vessels and 8,000 personnel.

Goal in 2017

Image shows the Goal of 2017

Image Shows the Goal of 2017

Image shows the Goal of 2017

  • 21st Malabar exercise in 2017 was done for “submarine-hunting”
  • India and the US deployed Poseidon-8 long-range maritime aircraft.
  • Includes new Japanese warship primarily meant for anti-submarine warfare.

Bigger Ships (2017)

List of Bigger Ships 2017

List of Bigger Ships 2017

List of Bigger Ships 2017

  • India’s 44,570 tonne aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya
  • Japan’s largest 27,000-tonne helicopter carrier Izmuo
  • US’s 100,000 tonne, nuclear powered super-carrier USS Nimitz

The China Factor

  • Thrust on anti-submarine warfare because Indian Navy recorded an increase in the Chinese warships and submarines in Indian Ocean Region
  • Beijing has achieved near-dominance in South China Sea.
  • Disputes and standoff between India and China
  • Disputes between China and Japan, over the extent of their respective exclusive economic zones in East China Sea.
  • US and China trade disputes and US dislike for China’s illegal occupation of South China Sea.

US-India Strategic Embrace

  • Indian and US focus on strengthening India-US defense and security partnership
  • US is now one of the top three arms suppliers to India dislodging Russia

China’S Stance

  • Suspicious about Malabar exercises
  • Believes it to be an effort to contain its influence in the Indo-Pacific region
  • Beijing sent surveillance ship, the Haiwang Xiang, to monitor Malabar Exercise.
  • Yuan-class diesel-electric submarine, the seventh underwater boat deployed by China in the Indian Ocean.

Ashore and At-Sea Training

Ashore in Chennai- expert and professional exchanges on carrier strike group operations, maritime patrol and reconnaissance operations, surface and anti-submarine warfare, medical operations, damage control, explosive ordnance disposal, helicopter operations, and visit, board, search and seizure operations


  • India declined Australian request to join the trilateral Malabar exercises.
  • In 2007, Australia pulled out of the “quadrilateral” between US, India, Japan and Australia
  • India stills works with Australia bilaterally
  • China has made significant inroads into Australia- trade and business

Quadrilateral Security Dialogue

Imaportant location for Quadrilateral Security Dialogue

Imaportant Location for Quadrilateral Security Dialogue

Imaportant location for Quadrilateral Security Dialogue

  • Informal strategic dialogue between the United States, Japan, Australia, and India
  • Initiated in 2007 by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan
  • Was paralleled by joint military exercises of an unprecedented scale, titled Exercise Malabar
  • Response to increased Chinese economic and military power
  • Ceased following the withdrawal of Australia during Kevin Rudd’s tenure as prime minister, reflecting ambivalence in Australian policy

- Published/Last Modified on: September 6, 2017


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