Malnutrition Responsible for 15% of India’S Total Disease Burden in 2016 (Download PDF)

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“India State-level Disease Burden Report and Technical Paper” was launched today by Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu. The comprehensive report indicates that although the disease burden due to malnutrition dropped in India substantially since 1990, it is still responsible for 15 per cent of the total disease burden in 2016.

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Created with Highcharts 6.0. 3CountryChild Malnutrition (In %) Child Malnutrition (Percentage Under Age 5) 38.738.7454536.136.19.49.4Child Malnutrition (In %) IndiaPakistanBangladeshChina05101520253035404550

About the Report

  • Disease burden due to child and maternal malnutrition in India was 12 times higher per capita than in China in 2016 even though life expectancy at birth improved.

  • The report is a joint effort by the Department of Health Research, Indian Council of Medical Research, and the Public Health Foundation of India.

  • Report analyzed disease burden for each state from 1990 to 2016.

Notable Statistics from India State-level Disease Burden Report and Technical Paper Report

  • Malnutrition is especially prevalent in the Empowered Action Group states (states that receive special development attention from the government) and Assam, and in females

  • Child and maternal malnutrition increases disease burden through the neonatal disorders, nutritional deficiencies, diarrheal diseases, lower respiratory infections, and other common infections.

  • Kerala had lowest burden of malnutrition, but even that was 2.7 times higher per person than in China.

  • Contribution of most of the major non-communicable disease groups to the total disease burden had increased all over India since 1990- including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases, mental health and neurological disorders, cancers, musculoskeletal disorders, and chronic kidney disease.

  • The largest disease burden or Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) rate increase from 1990 to 2016 was observed for diabetes, at 80 per cent, and ischaemic heart disease at 34 per cent.

  • Contribution of injuries to the total disease burden has increased in most states since 1990 especially in young adults due to road injuries and self-harm. Burden due to road injuries was much higher in males than in females.

  • DALY rate for self-harm for India was 1.8 times higher than the average globally for other geographies at a similar level of development in 2016.

State Data on Disease Burden

Among the states;

  • Uttar Pradesh had 50 per cent higher disease burden per person from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and 54 per cent higher burden from tuberculosis

  • Madhya Pradesh had 76 per cent higher overall disease burden per person

  • Tripura had 49 per cent higher per person burden from ischaemic heart disease.

  • Punjab had 157 per cent higher per person burden from diabetes and 134 per cent higher burden from ischaemic heart disease

What is Disability Adjusted Life Years?

  • DALY is years of healthy life lost due to premature death and suffering- One DALY is one lost year of “healthy” life.

  • Sum of these DALYs across the population, or the burden of disease, can be thought of as a measurement of the gap between current health status and an ideal health situation where the entire population lives to an advanced age, free of disease and disability.

  • DALYs for a disease or health condition are calculated as the sum of the Years of Life Lost (YLL) due to premature mortality in the population and the Years Lost due to Disability (YLD) for people living with the health condition or its consequences.

- Published/Last Modified on: November 28, 2017

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