Mangad Massacre Descendants Seek Recognition for Past Tragedy (Download PDF)

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More than 1,500 Bhils were gunned down by the Britishers on Nov 17,1913 across the Rajasthan and Gujarat border. This tragedy is sometimes seen as the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre of Gujarat. About one and a half lakh Bhils began to gather on Mangarh hills. Soon this news of gathering rumoured as a plan of the tribals to revolt against the princely states of Banswara and Santrampur, and establishes a Bhil state. On April 13,1919, when British forces under the command of Brigadier-General Reginald E. H. Dyer shot dead 379 people, though nationalist historiography puts the number at over 1,000 people.

Map show vedra,Amalia,Mangad,Chitaria

Map Show Vedra, Amalia, Mangad, Chitaria

Map show vedra, Amalia, Mangad, Chitaria

This Image show in Mangad Massacre

This Image Show in Mangad Massacre

This Image show in Mangad Massacre

This Image show in Mangad massacre

This Image Show in Mangad Massacre

This Image show in Mangad massacre

The Massacre Overview

  • The social reformer Govind Guru, a banjara (Gypsy) from Vedra Village near Dungarpur had launched a movement called “Bhagat Movement” in the late 19th century among Bhil tribes.

  • About one and a half lakh Bhils began to gather on Mangarh hills. Soon this news of gathering rumoured as a plan of the tribals to revolt against the princely states of Banswara and Santrampur, and establishes a Bhil state.

  • On April 13,1919, when British forces under the command of Brigadier-General Reginald E. H. Dyer shot dead 379 people, though nationalist historiography puts the number at over 1,000 people.

  • The relentless firing was halted by a British officer only after he saw a Bhil child trying to suckle his dead mother, says the 75-year-old from Amalia village in Banswara district of Rajasthan.

  • The massacre left such an impression of fear in the minds of the Bhils that stopped going to Mangad for several decades after Independence.

Historians’ Point of View & Government’s Approach

  • As per the Historians proper amount of funds should be sanctioned to conduct appropriate research on Mangad & suppression of similar tribal uprisings against colonial rule.

  • Similar incidents of massacre were reported in an investigation where as many as 1,200 tribals at Pal-Chitaria near Vijaynagar in north Gujarat by the British in 1922.

  • The Prime Minister Narendra Modi honoured Govind Guru’s grandson Man Singh while inaugurating a botanical garden named after the social reformer on Mangad Hill.

  • The July 31 event was attended by more than 80,000 Bhils finally brought up the deserved attention to the Mangad massacre.

  • The Prime Minister announced to provide 2 lakh accommodations to tribals living below poverty line.

  • According to a report the Gujarat government allocated Rs. 40 thousand crore for the development of tribal people under ambitious Van Bandhu Kalyaan Yojana.

  • To commemorate the freedom struggle of the unknown tribals, the state government announced to launch State Level Van Mahotsav. The Van Mahotsav also kicked off at Pavagarh in Panchmahals District.

- Published/Last Modified on: July 10, 2019

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