Mangroves of Sundarbans Wetland (Download PDF)

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The mangroves are considered as salt tolerant plants being adaptable to harsh conditions in climatic conditions in coastal regions. Mangroves can withstand higher temperature; higher humidity and can stand strong winds. It provides protection to the coastal communities.

Ecosystem Services

Ecosystem Services

Ecosystem Services

Importance of Mangroves

  • They are important for Ecology and Economic of the country.

  • They protect from land erosion.

  • They stand strongly against cyclones and have a rich source of biodiversity acting as a breeding ground for many marine life.

  • They are ecologically important.

  • Mangroves are the best example of Eco-tone which is the transition between two biomes these mangroves are located between Terrestrial and Marine ecosystem.

  • The total geographical cover of mangroves accounts for 0.14 % of total area of India.

  • West Bengal, Gujarat, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha are the states having maximum mangrove cover.

Sundarbans Wetlands

Sundarbans Wetlands

Sundarbans Wetlands

Sundarbans Wetlands

  • Sundarbans are one of the largest mangrove forests in the world.

  • It accounts for 50 % of the mangrove cover in India.

  • It covers area of 10,200 km2.

  • It is one of UNESCO World Heritage site.

  • Sundarbans spread across India and Bangladesh.

  • Sundarbans are rich flora and fauna.

  • It is a home to Royal Bengal Tigers, Northern River Terrapin which is critically endangered in IUCN List, and Irrawaddy Dolphin which is in endangered in IUCN. Fishing Cat which is the vulnerable in IUCN.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 10, 2019

Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth

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