Mastitis 70% Deaths in Animals, and Bugs (DTE 1-15 January 2021) (Download PDF)

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Mastitis – 70 % Deaths in Animals

Mastitis – 70 % Deaths in Animals
  • Bacterial infection, triggered by injuries caused due to rough milking or because of unhygienic farm conditions, causes inflammation of the udder tissue and blockage of milk ducts. This causes excruciating pain to the animal and affects milk yield and quality. Left unman-aged, the disease can spread to uninfected animals in the herd and result in their death.
  • One such is ceftriaxone, which is categorized as “highest priority critically important antimicrobial” (HPCIA) by the World Health Organization (WHO) . Three others, gentamicin, streptomycin, and penicillin, are categorized as “critically important antimicrobials (CIAS) ” by who. Higher levels in milk beyond permissible limits.
  • At least 10 million people are likely to die of anti-microbial resistance every year by 2050.
  • Traditionally - paste of aloe vera, lime, turmeric and mustard oil is used to treat bovine mastitis.
  • It can be applied on the affected area thrice daily, for three to five days, along with feeding whole lemons to the cattle.
  • Paste of curry leaves and jaggery to be used when there is blood in milk
  • Mastitis Control Popularization Project its annual report of 2018 - 19 suggests that the use of antibiotics has drastically reduced among farmers associated with the milk unions
  • High-yielding breeds are also more prone to mastitis
  • Somatic cell count test (uses strips to measure somatic cells in milk sample whose number increases during mastitis) , electrical conductivity measurement (which checks conductivity in milk due to increased concentration of sodium ion [Na +] and chloride ion [Cl −] in mastitic milk) , bromothymol blue test (which involves change in color of strips due to change in pH of milk) and culturing of bacteria from milk.

Bugs

  • Source of high-quality protein (40 to 75 g of protein per 100 g of dry weight) and provide essential amino acids (structural units that make up protein) at an idea level, which are 76 to 96 % digestible.
  • There has been an explosion of efforts to promote these tiny multi-legged creatures as sustainable alternatives to farmed meat and as a high-protein food source since a 2013 report by the Food and Agriculture Organization
  • In some 113 countries of Africa, Asia, Australia and America, ethnic groups relish more than 1,900 species of insects; grasshoppers, caterpillars, beetle grubs, winged termites, bees, wasps, adult winged ants, cicada larvae and several aquatic insects are most popular in the list
  • Since insects emit considerably fewer greenhouses gases than livestock — methane, for instance, is emitted only by termites and cockroaches — and require less land and water for rearing, promoting their consumption will help reduce the environment footprint of food.
  • UK-based investment banking company Barclays predicts that the global insect protein market could be worth up to US $ 8 billion a year by 2030.
  • NE tribes - snails, water bugs, grasshoppers, and field cricket
  • Mishing tribe and Ahom community of Assam are particularly fond of an unlikely species, the red ant (Myrmica rubra) , which they collect in large numbers by hand and grind to prepare chutneys during festivities.
  • Nagas of Manipur, Assam and Nagaland and several other tribal communities of the Northeast prefer even smaller and softer creatures — adult termites, pre-pupal stage of Eri silkworm and the hornets՚ grubs.
  • Tangkhul Naga, inhabiting Ukhrul district of Manipur, have mastered the art of rearing two of its species — Asian giant hornet (Vespa mandarinia) and Asian hornet (Vespa velutina) . At the peak of its population, a colony can reach the size of 1,000 hornets.

- Published/Last Modified on: April 4, 2021

International Relations/Organizations, Health, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth

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