Maternal Mortality Rate (Download PDF)

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Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) can be defined as the ratio of the number of deaths per 100,000 live births of children. According to the World Health Organisation, India is on the right track towards achieving SDG target of MMR below 70 by the year 2030. As per the National health policy, 11 states in India are in ahead to achieve the National Health Policy target of MMR 100 per lakh live births by 2020. Most of the deaths is due to the pregnancy related problems. Millennium Development Goal is associated with improving maternal health.

Maternal Mortality Rate

Maternal Mortality Rate

Maternal Mortality Rate

Measures to Reduce MMR

  • Improving institutional delivery.

  • Action taken towards most vulnerable and marginalized mothers.

  • Focus on quality and coverage of Health Services through Public Health initiatives under the National Health Mission such as Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram, Janani Suraksha Yojana, LaQshya, Poshan Abhiyaan, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana and Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan have contributed to decline in the MMR.

  • The government implemented Surakshi Matritva Ashwasan Yojana (SUMAN) initiative through this, not a single mother or a child dies due to preventable causes.

  • The government is also focusing towards zero preventable maternal and new born deaths.

Measures to reduce MMR

Measures to Reduce MMR

Measures to reduce MMR

Mortality situation in India

  • The States have been categorised into Empowered Action Group, Southern states and other states.

  • Empowered Action Group comprise states such as Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Assam, the MMR declined significantly from 188 to 175.

  • Southern States are Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. In these states MMR came down from 77 to 72 per 1 Lakh live births.

  • Other States include remaining states and Union Territories and MMR in these states reduced from 93 to 90.

  • Karnataka has shown highest percentage of decline as compared to the previous released data.

  • Rajasthan has shown maximum decline of 13 points, Odisha 12 points, and Karnataka 11 points.

  • Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh increased by 15 points.

National Health Mission (NHM)

  • National Health Mission aims to attain Universal access to affordable and quality Healthcare services.

  • It is accountable and responsible to People’s need with effective inter-sectorial convergent action to address the health issues.

  • Under the NHM, it supports States and Union Territories to provide infrastructure, human resources, drugs & equipment, ambulances, ASHAS etc. These are under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and National Urban Health Mission (NUHM).

  • It also works on Reproductive maternal, New born, Child and Adolescent Health Services. And Communicable Disease Control Programme.

  • Non Communicable Disease Control Programme interventions of two district hospital level.

  • Providing infrastructure maintenance to support of Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) and Lady Health Visitor (LHVs).

Dhrupad (Down to Earth)

  • Dhrupad is a vocal form of music associated with Hindustani classical music.

  • Hindustani classical music is an Indian classical musical tradition influenced by ancient Hindu musical traditions, Vedic philosophy and Persian elements.

  • Dhrupad is one of the oldest forms of Hindustani classical music which is considered as a classical form of music in 13th century & it is reached to the court of Emperor Akbar.

  • Baba Gopal Das, Swami Haridas and Tansen are the most important musical Masters in the Akbar court.

  • Tansen was one of the navaratnas or Nine Gems of Mughal court.

  • Dagari gharana and Darbhanga gharanas associated with dhrupad.

  • Dhrupad is an ancient music, primary devotional and spiritual music style of singing.

  • It is traditionally performed by men with the musical instruments tanpura and pakhawaj.

  • The lyrics in Dhrupad are medieval Hindi, heroic theme and praise of deity.

Hindustani Classical Music

Hindustani Classical Music

Hindustani Classical Music

Hindustani Classical Music

  • Hindustani classical music is associated with North Indian region.

  • It was influenced by Vedic philosophy and Persian elements.

  • Major forms of Hindustan musical Hindustani classical music are Dhrupad, Khayal, Thumri, Tappa, Tarana.

  • The Hindustani classical music dates back to 3rd Century BC.

  • The major instruments which are used in Hindustani classical music are Tanpura, Sitar, Sarod, Tabla, Pakhawaj, Shehnal, Sarangi and flute.

  • Gharanas are associated with Hindustani classical music Various Gharanas Dagari Gharana, Agra Gharana Kirana Gharana.

- Published/Last Modified on: November 26, 2019

Policy/Governance, Health

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