Measures to Improve Higher Education in India- Encouraging Students to Study in the Country (Download PDF)

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India’s Higher Education budget (Actual Expenditure) during 2016 - 17 was 29019.16 crore, however it was still not able to attract best talent which fled to universities in UK, USA etc.

Image of Higher Education in India

Image of Higher Education in India

Image of Higher Education in India

Measures to Attract Talent

  • The Central Government and the University Grants Commission (UGC) are taking various measures to improve quality of higher education in the country:

Declaration of Educational Institutions as Institutions of Eminence (IoE)

  • The IoEs would provide excellent education to the Indian Students at an affordable rate

  • Government has already approved the Regulatory Architecture in the form of UGC (Declaration of Government Institutions as Institutions of Eminence) Guidelines, 2017 for public Institutions and UGC (Institutions of Eminence Deemed to be Universities) Regulations, 2017 for private Institutions for setting up and upgrading of 20 Institutions (10 from public sector & 10 from private sector) as world class teaching and research institutions

Creation of the Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA)

  • The agency will push for creation of high quality infrastructure in premier educational institutions

  • The agency would provide innovative mechanisms for securing funding for the infrastructure improvements.

Other Initiatives

  • National Institution Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranks higher education institutions covering engineering, management, pharmacy, architecture, universities and colleges

  • Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN) invites distinguished academicians, entrepreneur’s, scientists, experts from premier institutions from across the world promoting international collaborations and improvements in quality of higher education in India

  • Impacting Research Innovation & Technology (IMPRINT) addresses engineering challenges in ten technology domains through the collaborative efforts of the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and Indian Institute of Science (IISc)

  • Uchchtar Avishkar Yojna (UAY) promotes innovation in IITs addressing:

    • Issues of manufacturing industries

    • Spurring innovative mindset

    • Co-ordinating action between academia & industry

    • Strengthening labs & research facilities

  • Study Webs of Active–Learning for Young Aspiring Minds (SWAYAM) is an instrument for a life-long learning through massive open online courses

Role of UGC

  • Undertakes maintenance of standards in teaching and research and quality assurance in Universities, Deemed Universities, and Colleges through framing regulations and schemes and disbursing grants to the eligible institutions.

  • In order to encourage research and development in the country, the UGC is implementing several reforms, schemes, awards, fellowships, chairs and programmes.

New Education Policy

Government is in the process of formulating a New Education Policy based on:

  • Recommendations from Committee for Evolution of the New Education Policy under the Chairmanship of Shri T. S. R. Subramanian

  • Committee for preparation of the Draft National Education Policy under the Chairmanship of Dr. K. Kasturirangan, which is due to submit its report soon.

- Published/Last Modified on: January 2, 2018

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