Measures to Improve Quality of Education (Download PDF)

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A good quality education provides all learners with capabilities to become economically productive, develop sustainable livelihoods, contribute to peaceful and democratic societies, and enhance individual well-being. Following are some government measures to improve quality of education.

Measures to Improve Quality of Education

Quality of Higher Education

  • All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) has set norms and standards to regulate the technical education through approval for conducting courses and renewal of the same.
  • University Grant Commission (UGC) through Establishment of and Maintenance of Standards in Private Universities Regulations, 2003 already conducted spot inspection of 159 out of 278 Private Universities to check if the fulfilment of minimum criteria in terms of programmes, faculty, infrastructural facilities, financial viability, etc.
  • Not a single Indian educational institution in the top 20 institutions highlighting the need to increase investments in the infrastructure of higher educational institutions- Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) incorporated to mobilize debt funds from the market to finance infrastructure and research facilities in the higher educational institutions.

Quality Primary and Secondary Education

  • To focus on quality education, the Central RTE Rules were to include reference on class wise, subject-wise Learning Outcomes.
  • The Learning Outcomes for each class in Languages (Hindi, English, and Urdu) , Mathematics, Environmental Studies, Science, and Social Science up to the elementary stage have been finalized as guideline for States and UTs on appropriate learning level.
  • Students learning assessment done according to the Learning Outcomes developed by The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) based on periodic national surveys of learning achievement of children in classes III, V and VIII and X.
  • Four rounds of National Achievement Survey (NAS) conducted so far for class V and three rounds for classes III & VIII.
  • From current year, National Achievement Survey will be conducted with districts as sampling unit.
  • Centrally Sponsored Schemes of Sarva Shiskha Abhiyan (SSA) and Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) , support several interventions to improve teaching standards-
    • ′ In-service teachers ′ training
    • Induction training for newly recruited teachers
    • Recruitment of additional teachers for improving pupil-teacher ratio
    • Academic support for teachers through block and cluster resource centres
    • Maths and Science kits
    • Lab equipment
    • Special teaching for learning enhancement
    • ICT facilities in schools
    • Introduction of vocational education component at the secondary level
    • Activities under ′ Unnati ′ project for improvement in English language skills
  • Central Government, supports States and UTs on early grade reading, writing & comprehension, and early Mathematics programmes through a sub-programme of SSA namely ′ Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat ′ (PBBB) in classes I and II.
  • Rashtriya Aavishkar Abhiyan (RAA) programme is a subcomponent of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) , to motivate and engage children of the age group from 6 - 18 years in Science, Mathematics, and Technology through observation, experimentation, inference drawing, model building, etc.

Quality of Education in Rural Areas

  • PRATHAM, a non-governmental organization conducted annual achievement surveys limited to rural areas released in the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) .
  • Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 lays down duties of the appropriate Government and the local authority to ensure:
  • Good quality elementary education conforming to norms and standards
  • Provision for curriculum and courses of study
  • Training of teachers
  • To focus on quality education, the Central RTE Rules were on 20th February 2017 to include reference on class-wise, subject-wise Learning Outcomes to guide States and UTs on appropriate learning level.
  • Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Sarva Shiskha Abhiyan (SSA) supports several interventions to improve rural teaching standards:
    • Training of all untrained teachers to acquire professional qualifications through Open Distance Learning (ODL) mode
    • Recruitment of additional teachers for improving pupil-teacher ratios
    • Academic support for teachers through block and cluster resource centers
    • Teacher and school grants for development of appropriate teaching-learning materials

- Published/Last Modified on: September 1, 2017

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