Mission Innovation Smart Grids for Renewable Energy

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Mission Innovation challenge on Smart Grids is collectively working to enable future smart grids powered by renewables. To combat the growth of greenhouse gas emission, world is increasing use of renewable energy sources.

Smart Grids
  • High penetration of renewable energy can cause disruptions in the existing power network due to their intermittent nature.
  • Technology solutions address the challenges related to development design, integration, operation, and management of grids, which allows use of upto 100 percent renewable energy.

What is Innovation Challenge on Smart Grids?

  • Innovation challenge on Smart Grids is collectively working to enable future smart grids powered by renewables.
  • 20 participating countries including India, Italy, and China as co-lead are realizing this aspiration.
  • International workshop between 16 - 19th November 2017 at New Delhi defined research priorities and action plan for realization of these objectives.

What Are Smart Grids?

  • With the restructuring and broadening of power sector infrastructure; introduction of new regulations; open sourcing; and increasing the share of renewable energy in energy transactions Indian grid will be operated as a centralized national smart grid with combined total capacity in the range of 300 GW, consisting of about 40 - 50 GW of renewable energy
  • Integrating renewable energy, with wind as the main energy source would lead to an increase in the complexity of monitoring and control of such a large grid, because wind is intermittent rather than constant.
  • Advanced synchrophasor measurement technology, rather than the traditional electric meter, may provide the needed interface for the wide area monitoring of such a widespread grid.
  • The information and communication technology the smart grids allows:
  • Detecting and identifying faults and a quick response to power outages
  • Providing consumers with near real-time information on the amount and cost of the power they use
  • Improving the security of the system
  • Linking all elements of the grid to enable better decision making on resource use.
  • Identify and correct supply and demand imbalances instantaneously and detect faults in a self-healing process that improves service quality, enhances reliability, and reduces costs.

New Initiatives for Smart Grid

  • Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA)
  • Distribution Management System (DMS)
  • Distribution Automation System (DA)
  • Energy management System (EMS)
  • Automated Meter Reading (AMR)
  • Outage Management System (OMS)
  • Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
  • Geographical Information System (GIS) .

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