MoUs Signed by India and Iran (Download PDF)

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Cooperation key areas include oil and gas & connectivity projects like the development of Chabahar port, MoU on Cooperation in the field of Health and Medicine, MoU on Postal Cooperation.

Image of Forging Closer Relations

Image of Forging Closer Relations

Image of Forging Closer Relations

MOUs Signed between India and Iran Governments

The main agreements between India and Iran are

  • Agreement for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to taxes on Income

  • MoU on Exemption from Visa requirement for holders of Diplomatic Passports

  • Exchange of Instrument of Ratification of Extradition Treaty

  • Lease Contract for Shahid Beheshti Port- Phase 1 of Chabahar during Interim Period between Port and Maritime Organization (PMO), Iran and India Ports Global Limited (IPGL)

  • MoU on Cooperation in the field of Traditional Systems of Medicine

  • MoU on the establishment of an Expert Group on Trade Remedy Measures to promote cooperation in areas of mutual interest

  • MoU on Cooperation in the field of Agriculture and Allied Sectors

What Are the Other MoUs Signed on the Sidelines of the Visit?

Following MoUs between Trade Bodies Have Also Been Signed on the Sidelines:

  • MoU between EEPC India and Trade Promotion Organization of Iran.

  • MoU between Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI) and Iran Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture (ICCIMA).

  • MoU between the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) and the Iran Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines & Agriculture (ICCIMA).

  • MoU between PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PHDCCI) and Iran Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture (ICCIMA).

History of India and Iran Relations

  • Independent India and Iran established diplomatic relations on 15 March 1950.

  • During Cold War period, relations between the Republic of India and the erstwhile Imperial State of Iran suffered due to different political interests— nonaligned India fostered strong military links with the Soviet Union while Iran enjoyed close ties with the United States.

  • After the 1979 revolution, relations between Iran and India strengthened.

  • Iran’s support for Pakistan and India’s close relations with Iraq during the Iran-Iraq further strained the Indo–Iranian ties.

  • In the 1990s, India and Iran supported the Northern Alliance in Afghanistan against the Taliban Regime. They continue to collaborate in supporting the broad-based anti-Taliban government led by Ashraf Ghani and backed by US. Defense cooperation agreement was signed in December 2002.

  • India and Iran differ significantly on key foreign policy issues.

  • India has expressed strong opposition against Iran’s nuclear program and whilst both nations continue to oppose the Taliban.

  • India supports the presence of NATO forces in Afghanistan unlike Iran.

  • Iran is the second largest supplier of crude oil to India, supplying more than 425, 000 barrels of oil per day, and consequently India is one of the largest foreign investors in Iran’s oil and gas industry.

  • In 2011, the US $12 billion annual oil trade between India and Iran was halted due to extensive economic sanctions against Iran, forcing the Indian oil ministry to pay off the debt through a banking system through Turkey

  • Due to Iran being on good terms with both India and Pakistan, Iran has offered to serve as a mediator between the two.

  • Iran frequently objected to Pakistan’s attempts to draft anti-India resolutions at international organisations such as the OIC and the Human Rights Commission. India welcomed Iran’s inclusion as an observer state in SAARC regional organisation.

  • A growing number of Iranian students are enrolled at universities in India, most notably in Pune and Bengaluru.

  • In August 2013, while carrying oil in the Persian Gulf, Iran detained India’s largest ocean liner Shipping Corporation (SCI) ’s vessel MT Desh Shanti carrying crude oil from Iraq. Iran believed it was technical and non-political.

  • On 22 May 2016 visit of Indian PM to Iran focused on bilateral connectivity and infrastructure, an energy partnership, and trade

Key Facts About Iran

  • Iran or Persia lies in Western Asia.
  • It is located in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, gives it geostrategic importance.
  • Theran is the country’s capital and largest city; it is also the leading economic and cultural center.
  • Iran is home to one of the world’s oldest civilizations.

- Published/Last Modified on: May 13, 2018

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