Sagar Mala Yojana [ Detailed Analysis (CA/GS) - ]


India lies in the Indian Ocean. The location of India is both decisive and fractural.  On one hand it is bound with a big coastal area and on the other, the threat to the coastal region is also real. Real problem lies with securing the coastline but not the borders and hence the Modi Sagar Mala Yojana.

  • On 25 March 2015, the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, formally approved the Sagar Mala Yojana.
  • It is said that it was the dream project of ex-Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

Background: Sagar Mala Yojana

  • India is the seventh largest nation of the world and is bound by water from three directions. It has one of the largest coastlines in the world of more than 7,000 km. In view of this, India should have 90% of its import-export through sea. However, the reality is far from this.
  • Ironically, the road sector contributes 6%, railways contribute 9% to the GDP, whereas the ports contribute just 1 percent of the entire GDP.
  • Deficient linkage of ports and lacking infrastructure lead to such a small usage of ports. Keeping all these aspects in mind, the ruling government has determined that all the ports of India are to be connected and maintained.

Pillars of Sagar Mala Yojana

Pillars of Sagar Mala Yojana

Pillars of Sagar Mala Yojana

Pillars of Sagar Mala Yojana

Netherlands, Dubai, Korea, Japan, China; have smaller coastline but provide modern techniques for export import to prosper.

Integrated Development For The Coasts With Sagar Mala Project 

  • With an investment of Rs 50,000 crore, 12 smart cities are meant to be developed near ports under this project.
  • 1,208 islands for development along with 189 lighthouses have been identified to increase both domestic and international tourism significantly.
  • Existing port infrastructure will be redeveloped by upgrading the port handling equipment. Extensive use of IT will improve monitoring and operations of port activity.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, one of the major ports, will receive Rs. 4,000 crore , to develop its SEZ

Six Megaports Planned in Sagarmala Project

New ports planned in India

New ports planned in India






Vizhinjam International Seaport

Tamil Nadu


Colachel Seaport



Vadhavan Port




Tadadi Port

Andhra Pradesh



West Bengal

Sagar Island

Sagar Island

- Published/Last Modified on: September 22, 2016