More Than 5 to 8 Million Year Old Elephant Fossil Found (Download PDF)

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More Than 5 to 8 Million Year Old Elephant Fossil Found

  • Fossil of an elephant was found from the Siwalik sediments exposed in the Badshahi Bagh area of Saharanpur (Uttar Pradesh).
  • It is a fossil of Stegodon, a variety of the elephant which used to be found at an early age.
  • The fossil is from the Dhok Pathan formation of Siwalik.
  • The age of specimen is estimated to range from five to eight million years.
More than 5 to 8 million year old Elephant fossil found

More Than 5 to 8 Million Year Old Elephant Fossil Found

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Overview

  • The fossil has been discovered by a joint team of forest officials and World Wide Fund for Nature.
  • The presence of stegodons shows the existence of dense forests and lots of river channels in the area during that time.
  • Other fossils which existed with stegodons’ were of-
    • Giraffe
    • Horses
    • Hippopotamus
  • The fossil is of moderately preserved third lower molar with nine developed ridges on its surface.
  • The length of the molar is around 24 cm.
  • The enamel of the molar is very thick.
  • The sandstone embedded on the fossil is
    • Medium grained
    • Salt and pepper in nature
  • Middle Shivalik is characterized by this type of lithology.
  • Earlier also, fossils of Stegodon had been discovered from other locations of Shivalik groups like-
    • Kala Amb, Himachal Pradesh
    • Saketi, Himachal Pradesh
    • Jammu foothills
    • Chandigarh
  • The stegodons existence has also been traced in foothills of Nepal and Pakistan.
  • Stegodons existed 11.6 million years ago.
  • Until 4,100 years ago, there were unconfirmed records of their regional survival.
  • Fossils are found in Asian and African strata dating from late Miocene.
  • During the Pleistocene era, they lived across large parts of Asia and Central Africa.

- Published/Last Modified on: October 14, 2020

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