Mt. Merapi of Indonesia

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Mt. Merapi one of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia out of 130 volcanoes erupted twice on 21st June, 2020. This is located near the centre of the island of Java and Indonesia՚s cultural capital, Yogyakarta.

Mt. Merapi of Indonesia

Plate Tectonics and the Ring of Fire

Overview

  • Mt. Merapi when erupted in the year 2010 killed more than 300 people and as many as 2,80, 000 residents had to evacuate the surrounding areas.
  • Indonesia is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire.
  • A path along the Pacific Ocean characterized by active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes is known as the Ring of Fire and is also known as the Circum-Pacific Belt.
  • More than 450 volcanoes are located along the Ring of Fire.
  • Also 90 % of Earth՚s earthquakes occur along the path of Pacific Ring of Fire.
  • Tectonic plates movement in the area is responsible for the abundance of volcanoes and earthquakes occurring along the Ring of Fire.
  • Plates overlapping at convergent boundaries along the Ring of Fire are called subduction zones.
  • The rise in volcanic activities is due to the abundance of magma near the earth՚s surface.
  • A transform boundary is the stretch of the Ring of Fire wherein plates move sideways past one another.
  • Many earthquakes get generated by the transform boundary due to the tension building up and release in Earth՚s crust.

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