Mushroom Cultivation in India and the World (Download PDF)

Doorsteptutor material for CLAT is prepared by world's top subject experts: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation- practice your way to success.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 180.56 K)

Mushroom belongs to fungi species and is used as a vegetarian delicacy. It is a good source of high quality protein (e. g. lysine) - 20 - 35 % dry weight.

  • It contains many vitamins e. g. Vitamin B-complex and minerals.

  • It is completely fat (Cholesterol) free.

  • It is rich in anti-oxidants.

World production of cultivated edible mushroom is given in the table below-

World production of cultivated edible mushroom is given in the table below

World production of cultivated edible mushroom is given in the table below

Sl.

No.

Common

Name

Substrate

Production

(in 103 tonnes)

Contribution

Purpose

1.

Button Mushroom

Straw

1424

37.8

Food

2.

Oyster Mushroom

Straw

909

24.2

Food

3.

Straw mushroom

Straw

207

5.5

Food

4.

Shiitake mushroom

Shii and Oak tree

93

10.4

Food and medicine

5.

Nameka

Saw dust

53

1.4

Food

6.

Inkap

Straw

-

-

Food

7.

Wood ear or Jews ear

Wood

400

10.6

Food

8.

Winter mushroom

Wood

1443

3.8

Food

9.

Silver ear

Wood

105

2.8

Medicine

Overview

  • Currently three varieties of mushroom are cultivated-

  • White mushroom

  • Paddy straw mushroom

  • Oyster mushroom

  • Globally, White mushroom is most cultivated. It contributes 35 - 40 % of world’s total mushroom production.

  • In 2009, the global mushroom production was estimated to be 2.4 million tonnes.

  • China accounts for 70 % of world’s total mushroom production.

  • Poland, France, Italy, Indonesia and Germany are other major Mushroom producing countries.

  • The G-6 countries (USA, Germany, UK, France, Italy and Canada) are responsible for 85 % of world mushroom consumption.

The internationally cultivated varieties of mushroom and their share are:

  • Button- 31%

  • Shiitake-24%

  • Oyster-14%

  • Black ear mushroom- 9%

  • Paddy straw mushroom- 8%

  • The global growth rate of mushroom production is 7%.

  • India ranks 8th in terms of global mushroom production with a share of 1.5 %.

  • In the year 2009 - 10, India’s mushroom production was 40,600 tonnes.

  • Major mushroom producing states of India are Punjab (accounts for 50 % of total production), Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir.

  • In India, mushroom is an indoor, non-traditional cash crop.

  • Total mushroom exports from India in 2009 - 11 were around 11,000 tonnes valued at Rs. 66 crore.

  • US, Israel and Mexico are major export destinations of mushroom for India.

  • 95 % of total mushroom is accounted for by button mushroom.

  • Despite huge export potential, India’s share in global mushroom export is below 1%.

This potential in mushroom cultivation and export needs to be tapped because:

  • It can help in eliminating protein deficiency.

  • Offer remunerative employment opportunities to farmers.

  • Turn waste into valuable protein.

Further there is a need to:

  • Ensure smooth marketing channels with adequate price support.

  • Train manpower for efficient cultivation.

  • Technical assistance to mushroom cultivators.

  • Adoption of high yielding and genetically enhanced varieties.

  • Sound post-harvest operations

  • Innovative solutions to processing and packaging challenges.

- Published/Last Modified on: June 14, 2020

Agriculture/Agro Industries

Developed by: