‘My Home-My Neighborhood’ Scheme- “Waste to Energy” for Urban Areas (Important) (Download PDF)

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Government has been emphasizing the need for more waste management plants around the country. “Waste to Energy” is not only an opportunity but also a necessity. Huge amount of urban waste generated in India- creates an urgent need to convert the waste into energy.

Image of Urban Waste In India

Image of Urban Waste In India

Image of Urban Waste In India

  • A framework would be created to use the energy thus generated by these plants and subsequently rates fixed for them

  • Effective energy generation requires change in the habits to ensure effective waste collection and segregation.

  • Citizens should be educated on effective waste management to make it easier for the industries to process the waste.

Image of Generating Power From Waste

Image of Generating Power From Waste

Image of Generating Power From Waste

What Can Be Processed

Government’s focus is on energy generation from:

  • Urban waste

  • Industrial and agricultural waste and residues

  • Municipal solid wastes

  • Vegetable and other market wastes

  • Slaughterhouse waste

  • Industrial wastes and effluents.

Advantages

  • The system supports generation of energy from the waste

  • Helps in reducing pollution

  • Addresses the issue of burning of paddy straw by producing bio-CNG.

Progress So Far

  • Environment Ministry has already supported around 180 projects mainly based on production of Bio-CNG

  • Biogas has found application in industries and transport sector.

  • Three major waste to energy projects of 52 MW, based on Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) have been installed and running successfully in Okhla, Ghazipur and Narela-Bawana in Delhi converting solid waste to electricity.

  • Swachcha Bharat Mission has found about 40 projects with installed capacity of 344 MW, which are under various stages of commissioning.

Challenges

Problem is in waste segregation- separating wet and dry waste. Unless waste is separated at household level, it cannot be converted profitably to energy.

‘My Home-My Neighborhood’- Neighborhood Action Plan for Better Solid Waste Management

The Neighborhood Action Plan Scheme aims to tackle the urban waste management problem which has reached crisis proportion. ‘My Home-My Neighborhood’ (Ghar Bi Saaf-Pados Bhi Saaf) campaign has following six components:

  • Segregation of waste at source

  • Compost making from wet waste within the premises, neighborhood and area

  • Recycling of dry waste

  • Freeing the neighborhood from open defecation and open urination

  • Motivating the residents of neighborhood against throwing garbage in open spaces

  • Adopting a near by park or open place for collection and waste segregation.

Objectives of ‘My Home-My Neighborhood’

The scheme fulfills following objectives

  • Substantial reduction in the quantum of solid waste

  • Enable better performance of waste-to-compost and waste-to-energy plants.

Neighborhood action plan to be launched in all the cities and towns across the country on third anniversary of Swachh Bharat Mission.

- Published/Last Modified on: November 2, 2017

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