NATGRID to Have Access to Database That Links Around 14000 Police Stations

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NATGRID to Have Access to Database That Links Around 14000 Police Stations

  • NATGRID (The National Intelligence Grid) has signed a memorandum of understanding with NCRB (National Crime Records Bureau) to access the centralized online database of FIRs and stolen vehicles.
  • It will give NATGRID access to the CCTNS (the Crime and Criminal Tracking network and Systems) database.
  • CCTNS is a platform that links around 14,000 police stations.
NATGRID to Have Access to Database

Overview

  • All police stations are mandated to file FIR (First Information reports) in the CCTNS.
  • The MoU enables the NATGRID to get information about details of a suspect as mentioned in the FIR such as
    • His/her father՚s name
    • Telephone number
    • Other details
  • NATGRID will act as a link between intelligence and investigation agencies.
  • The security agencies directly contact an airline or a telephone company if they are on a suspect՚s trail.
  • The data is shared through an international server such as Google.
  • The NATGRID will ensure that such information is shared through a secure platform, safeguarding it from leaks.
  • The chances of the system being misused are almost impossible, as there is no human interface.
  • Some say that MoU infringes on the federal system of the constitution.
  • As the NCRB under the Union government is only a repository and the data pertaining to FIRs of a particular police station are a state subject, it is a matter of cooperative federalism.
  • However, no legal provisions are violated as FIRs are shared with all the police stations.
  • The NATGRID was proposed after the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks but generated controversy over concerns about privacy.
  • Earlier civil aviation ministry and airline companies had raised concerns in providing information to yet another agency i.e.. NATGRID.
  • They already provide information to the Bureau of Immigration and Custom authorities.
  • Once NATGRID is operational, all agencies will have to route their requests through the secured platforms.
  • The European Union and the USA, along with a host of other countries have comprehensive privacy laws, which also lay down conditions for access to databases and the limitations of such use.
  • A similar approach is imperative in the future in case of NATGRID to uphold the sovereign electorate՚s right to oversee institutions that may affect it.

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