NETRA, Agni V and Hyperloop Technology (Download PDF)

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First indigenously built Airborne Early Warning and Control System (AEW&CS). Developed by DRDO. A light-weight autonomous UAV for long range surveillance and reconnaissance operations. Radar system is also mounted on Embraer aircraft which gives 240-degree coverage of airspace. Helps to detect and track aircraft, missiles, ships and vehicles.

Other Countries Which Have Developed AEW&C

  • United States

  • Russia

  • Israel

Agni V

  • Successfully test fired from a canister on a road mobile launcher from Dr. Abdul Kalam Island.

  • Coast of Odisha.

  • India’s longest-range ballistic missile.

  • Will be inducted into the nuclear arsenal soon.

  • An Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) with a range of over 5,000 km.

  • Can reach most parts of China.

  • Powered by three stage solid fuelled missiles.

  • Can carry a payload of 1.5 tonnes.

  • A part of Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).

Hyperloop Technology

  • An official infrastructure project declared by the Maharashtra govt.

  • Can send pods several times per minute between two Indian cities.

  • Is a sealed tube or system of tubes through which a pod may travel free of air resistance or friction.

  • Conveys people or object at high speed.


  • Pod floats through Magnetic Levitation so the energy consumption is low.

  • Offers very fast speed of transportation which is twice that of aircraft.

  • Very low power consumption.

  • Low cost transportation system on long run.

  • Immune to bad weather conditions.

  • Resistant to earthquakes.


  • High speed of capsule (almost at speed of sound).

  • Cause dizziness to the passengers travelling due to vibration and jostling.

  • Initial cost of investment is very high.

  • Costly and also risky to maintain.

  • Land use rights a concern for deployment of the project.

  • Limited space in the train and hence people cannot move freely.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 19, 2020


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