NETRA, Agni V and Hyperloop Technology (Download PDF)

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First indigenously built Airborne Early Warning and Control System (AEW&CS) . Developed by DRDO. A light-weight autonomous UAV for long range surveillance and reconnaissance operations. Radar system is also mounted on Embraer aircraft which gives 240-degree coverage of airspace. Helps to detect and track aircraft, missiles, ships and vehicles.

Other Countries Which Have Developed AEW&C

  • United States
  • Russia
  • Israel

Agni V

  • Successfully test fired from a canister on a road mobile launcher from Dr. Abdul Kalam Island.
  • Coast of Odisha.
  • India՚s longest-range ballistic missile.
  • Will be inducted into the nuclear arsenal soon.
  • An Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) with a range of over 5,000 km.
  • Can reach most parts of China.
  • Powered by three stage solid fuelled missiles.
  • Can carry a payload of 1.5 tonnes.
  • A part of Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) .

Hyperloop Technology

  • An official infrastructure project declared by the Maharashtra govt.
  • Can send pods several times per minute between two Indian cities.
  • Is a sealed tube or system of tubes through which a pod may travel free of air resistance or friction.
  • Conveys people or object at high speed.


  • Pod floats through Magnetic Levitation so the energy consumption is low.
  • Offers very fast speed of transportation which is twice that of aircraft.
  • Very low power consumption.
  • Low cost transportation system on long run.
  • Immune to bad weather conditions.
  • Resistant to earthquakes.


  • High speed of capsule (almost at speed of sound) .
  • Cause dizziness to the passengers travelling due to vibration and jostling.
  • Initial cost of investment is very high.
  • Costly and also risky to maintain.
  • Land use rights a concern for deployment of the project.
  • Limited space in the train and hence people cannot move freely.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 19, 2020


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