NMCG Organises “Ganga Vriksharopan Abhiyan” Based on Report of FRI Report (Download PDF)


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National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) organised ‘Ganga Vriksharopan Abhiyan’ in 5 main Ganga basin states – U’Khand, UP, Bihar, Jharkhand & West Bengal. This week-long afforestation drive was organised during 9th July to 15th July, 2018 as ‘Shubharambh Saptah’.

Image of going down the drain

Image of Going down the Drain

Image of going down the drain

  • State Forest Departments of 5 states acted as Nodal Agencies for smooth & effective execution of campaign.
  • Divisional Forest Officers (DFOs) were designated as district level Nodal Officers & Chief Conservator of Forest (CCF) at State level for event.
  • Apart from these states, various organisations took part in this drive such as Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS), Ganga Vichar Manch (GVM), NGOs & educational institutions.

Highlights of ‘Ganga Vriksharopan Abhiyan’

  • Campaign was initiated as part of Forest Interventions in Ganga (FIG) component of Namami Gange Programme.

  • It was aimed at bringing greater awareness among people & other stakeholders regarding importance of afforestation for task of Ganga Rejuvenation.

  • Number of schools, colleges & departments were requested to “Adopt a Plant” for turning this campaign into people’s movement. Various seminars, workshops, lectures, drawing & painting competitions are being organised for same purpose.

  • Plantation activities were carried out w/great enthusiasm all along banks of River Ganga w/participation of local people.

  • Formal events to mark campaign were held at over 100 locations. In UP, programme is merged w/Ganga Haritima Abhiyan.

  • Some of plants which were sown during campaign are Kanji, Sheesham, Farmis, Jamun, Arjun, Gutal, Siras, Chhitvan, Mango, Neem, Semal, Jungal Jalebi, Gulmohar, Kadam, Sagwan, Saal, Mahogni, Ber, Bamboo, Karaonda, Ashwagandha, Curry Patta, Jathrofa, Beheda, Dhatura, Sarpgandha etc.

  • In order to implement afforestation project in scientific manner, Forest Research Institute (FRI), Dehradun was assigned project to prepare Detailed Project Report (DPR) on basis of which State Forest Departments would carry out their plantation activities.

Background: Report of Forest Research Institute (FRI)

  • Detailed Project Report (DPR) submitted by Forest Research Institute (FRI), Dehradun identified riverscape covering area of 83946 km along 5 main stem Ganga basin states. This riverscape is marked for afforestation over period of 5 years at cost of Rs. 2293.73 cr.

  • FRI report provides multi-disciplinary approach w/potential plantation & treatment models.

  • Considering type of natural ecosystem, identification of native vegetation, soil conditions, & agro-climatic zones, potential models of various types are developed.

  • Implementation plan aims to contribute towards Clean Ganga Mission, particularly Aviral Dhara & Nirmal Dhara, besides maintenance of ecological & geological integritie.

Significance of Afforestation in Ganga Basin

  • Forests cause higher rainfall & raise water level in rivers. Abundant leaf litter, trees, & forests decrease speed of water dispersion & support slow but greater infiltration of rainwater to ensure smooth functioning of hydrological cycle.

  • Presence of healthy forest cover along river provides self-cleaning ability to river. Afforestation along Ganga holds promise to strengthen ecosystem, thereby contributing to cause of Ganga Rejuvenation.

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)

  • It was established on 12th August 2011 under Societies Registration Act 1860.

  • It is implementation arm of National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection & Management of River Ganga (National Ganga Council).

  • It has 2 tier management structure & comprises Governing Council & Executive Committee.

  • Both bodies are headed by Director General (DG), NMCG.

  • Executive Committee is authorised to approve projects under mission up to Rs. 1000 Cr.

  • Director General (DG) of NMCG is Additional Secretary in GoI.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 27, 2018


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