National Disaster Risk Index (Important) (Download PDF)

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1st National Disaster Risk Index, which gauges potential hazards & disasters across 640 dist. of India, places Maharashtra as most vulnerable, followed by West Bengal, UP, MP & Rajasthan.

Image of High Risk Districts on Disaster

Image of High Risk Districts on Disaster

Image of High Risk Districts on Disaster

  • National disaster risk index is in line w/India’s commitment to Sendai Framework, successor to Hyogo Framework.
  • Among Union Territories (UTs), Delhi is at ‘most risk’. States which are prone to natural calamities – U’Khand, Himachal Pradesh & Northeastern states are placed down order.
  • Disaster index is currently in form of draft, which is yet to be officially released by Centre.
  • List was prepared by Ministry of Home Affairs in coordination w/United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

Disaster Risk in India

  • Govt. is working on disaster database which will capture nationwide losses due to disasters on digital platform.
  • Total of 167 major disasters were recorded b/w period, causing loss of more than $47 billion, as per data shared by UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction.
  • India is vulnerable to more than 30 diff. types of disasters.
  • In 2015 & 2016, more than 1, 100 people were reported killed in disasters & over 350 million affected across country.
  • Damage to property in these 2 years is estimated at over $4.4 billion, indicating urgency for govt. to develop unique platform that will help policy makers plug gaps w/interventions.

What Was Taken Into Account

  • Idea of DSC is to have “comprehensive assessment of hazards, vulnerabilities & risks of disasters at diff. levels, prevention of new risks & mitigation of existing risks, & mainstreaming DRR across diff. sectors of development”.
  • Rationale behind this is consideration of population, agriculture & economic factors.

National Disaster Risk Index: Top 10 ‘Most Vulnerable’ States

  • Maharashtra

  • West Bengal

  • Uttar Pradesh

  • Madhya Pradesh

  • Rajasthan

  • Karnataka

  • Assam

  • Andhra Pradesh

  • Gujarat

  • Bihar

National Disaster Risk Index: Top 10 Districts at ‘Most Risk’

Maharashtra’s Pune tops list w/vulnerability factor of 9.48 on scale of 10. Pune is followed by Bengal’s North 24 Parganas & South 24 Parganas.

Bangalore & Gulbarga in Karnataka also make list.

  • Pune

  • North 24 Parganas

  • South 24 Parganas

  • Thane

  • Hooghly

  • Howrah

  • Bengaluru

  • Nashik

  • Gulbarga

  • Mumbai Suburban

How to Reduce Disaster Risk?

  • In decade b/w 2005 to 2014, India emerged among top 4 disaster prone-countries in world.
Image of Disaster Management Cycle

Image of Disaster Management Cycle

Image of Disaster Management Cycle

  • Some states have made significant progress in disaster risk reduction (DRR) by building resilient infrastructure & investing in early warning systems.
  • Capacity building by Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Assam, and Tripura & Himachal Pradesh has lowered their net risk to population & economic losses.

- Published/Last Modified on: August 23, 2018

Policy/Governance, Disaster Management

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