National Drafts Policy on Domestic Workers (Download PDF)


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The draft National Policy on Domestic Workers has been notified by The Union Ministry of Labour and Employment on 24th June 2019. The policy aims to provide social security benefits to an estimated 39 lakh people employed as domestic workers by private households of which 26 lakhs are female domestic workers.

this is image show in hard work pays

This is Image Show in Hard Work Pays

this is image show in hard work pays

The Central Government has enacted the Unorganized Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008 for providing social security to all unorganized workers including domestic workers.

The Act provides formulation of social security schemes like life and disability cover, health and maternity benefits & old age protection by the central Government.

Proposal Overview

  • The Draft National Education Policy aims at protecting the domestic workers from abuse, harassment, violence and guarantee them rights in the matter of social security and minimum wages.

  • Social security cover and provisions against sexual harassment and bonded labour are also covered under the policy.

  • This national policy includes all kinds of household helps where the payment of wages will be made to the board under fixed slab rates.

  • The central board/trust will be managed by all stakeholders.

  • Setting up an institutional mechanism to social security cover, fair terms of employment, grievance redressal and dispute resolution are the key ideas under this policy.

  • The domestic workers will be recognized as a worker with the right to register themselves with state labour department or any other suitable mechanism.

  • Promotion of the rights for the workers so as allow them to organise and form their own unions or associations and affiliate with other unions or associations.

  • Model contract of employment will also be provided with well-defined period of work and rest.

  • Regulation of the recruitment and placement agencies by respective governments through formulation of a policy is also one of the main aims.

  • Establishing a tripartite implementation committee at centre, state and district levels.

  • The definition of various terms such as part time workers, full time workers, live in workers, employers and private placement agencies will also be cleared.

Need for the Policy

  • Low wages among Bengali and Adivasi clearly points out the domestic work industry is dominated by the Employers characterised by low, stagnant wage rates.

  • Irregular payment by employer is another big issue.

  • Tremendous work load on the workers.

  • Practice of arbitrarily reducing wages.

  • The employers enjoy the private power of regulation.

  • Private nature of regulation has allowed the employer to exercise quasi-magisterial powers over the domestic worker in India.

  • Physical assaults by employers have become common whenever a worker tries to renegotiate their terms and conditions of work.

  • While trying to obtain the outstanding payment dues from the Employers, the Domestic workers find themselves under a greater risk of unemployment and criminalisation.

- Published/Last Modified on: August 25, 2019


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