National Education Policy: Ministry of Education (Download PDF)

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National Education Policy

  • Recently, the government has approved the New Education Policy, 2020.
  • The aim of the policy is to introduce several changes in the Indian education System from the school to college level.
  • The NEP 2020 aims at making ‘India a global knowledge superpower’ .
  • The cabinet also approved renaming of the Ministry of Human Resource Development to the Ministry of Education.
Ministry of Education


  • This is the third education policy since independence.
  • The two earlier education policies were brought in 1968 and 1986.

Key highlights of the policy-

School Education

  • Universalization of education from preschool to secondary level with 100 per cent Gross enrolment Ratio (GER) in school education by 2030.
  • The policy aims to bring 2 crores out of school children back into the mainstream through an open schooling system.
  • The current 10 + 2 system will be replaced by 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 system corresponding to ages 3 - 8,8 - 11,11 - 14 and 14 - 18 years, respectively.
  • The age group 3 - 6 will also be brought under school curriculum which was uncovered earlier. It has been recognized globally that this is the crucial stage for mental faculties՚ development of a child.
  • It will also have 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/preschooling.
  • The 10 and 12 class exams will be made easier and will be designed such that they test core competencies rather than memorized facts. All students will be allowed to take the exam twice.
  • A new accreditation framework and independent authority will be set up for regulating both public and private schools.
  • Emphasis on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy
  • No rigid separation between academic streams, extracurricular, vocational streams in schools.
  • Vocational education to start from class 6 with internships.
  • Till grade 5 the teaching will be in mother tongue/regional language.
  • 360-degree Holistic Progress card-based assessment, tracking student progress for achieving learning outcomes.
  • A new and comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education (NCFTE) , 2021, will be formulated by NCTE (National Council for Teacher Education in consultation with NCERT (National council of Educational Research and Training.
  • The minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a four-year integrated B. Ed. degree, by 2030.

Higher Education

  • By 2035, GER in higher education to be raised to 50 percent from current 26.3 percent.
  • 3.5 Crore seats will be added in higher education.
  • Holistic Undergraduate education with a flexible curriculum 3 or 4 years.
  • There will be multiple exit options with provision of appropriate certification at each level.
  • M. Phil. courses will be discontinued.
  • All the courses at undergraduate, postgraduate and PhD level will be interdisciplinary.
  • Academic Bank of credits to be established to facilitate Transfer of Credits.
  • Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities to be set up as models of best multidisciplinary education of global standards in the country.
  • These MERUs will be at par with IITs.
  • Higher Education Commission of India will be set up as a single umbrella body for entire higher education excluding medical and legal education.
  • Public and private higher education institutes will be governed by the same set of norms.
  • HECI will have four important verticals-
    • National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) for regulation
    • General Education Council (GEC) for standard setting
    • Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for funding
    • National Accreditation Council (NAC) for accreditation
  • Affiliation of colleges to be phased out in 15 years and a stage wise mechanism to be established for granting graded autonomy to colleges.
  • NETF (National educational Technology Forum) , an autonomous body, will be set up for the free exchange of ideas.
  • National assessment center ‘PARAKH’ has been created to assess the students.
  • The policy paves way for foreign universities to set up campuses in India.
  • The policy emphasizes setting up of Gender Inclusion Fund, Special Education homes for disadvantaged regions and groups.
  • National institute will be set up for
    • Pali
    • Persian
    • Sanskrit.
  • Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation to be set up.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 30, 2020

Education, Govt. Schemes/Projects

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