National Investigation Agency Amendment Bill 2019 Passed

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National Investigation Agency Amendment Bill 2019 was first of all passed in the Lok Sabha on 15 July 2019 and later on in the Rajya Sabha on 17th July 2019. This bill will allow NIA to probe terrorist activities against India and Indian interests abroad.

The cases of human trafficking and cybercrimes can also be now investigated by the NIA.

The NIA acts as the Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency that looks after terror activities across all the states of India without the permission of the state government.

With the enactment of the National Investigation Agency Act 2008 by the Parliament of India on 31 December 2008, this investigation agency came into being. The agency is headquartered in New Delhi, along with its branches at Hyderabad, Guwahati, Kochi, Lucknow, Mumbai, Kolkata, Raipur and Jammu.

Image Show in the Lok Sabha
Image Show in Proposed Changes in NIA ACT & in UAPA

Bill Features Overview

  • Amending the NIA Act, 2008 the Bill proposes to establish a national-level agency which can investigate and prosecute offences listed in a schedule (scheduled offences) .
  • Creation of Special Courts to ensure fair and speedy trial of scheduled offences. The scheduled offences include offences under Acts such as the Atomic Energy Act, 1962, and the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act, 1967.
  • The NIA will now have the power to investigate the following additional offences human trafficking, offences related to counterfeit currency or bank notes, manufacture or sale of prohibited arms, cyber-terrorism, and offences under the Explosive Substances Act, 1908.
  • The NIA officers will now have the same powers as other police officers in relation to the investigation of such offences across India.
  • Subjecting to international treaties and domestic laws of other countries,

    The NIA officers can now enjoy the power to investigate scheduled offences committed outside India.

  • The NIA now may be directed by the central government investigate such cases as if the offence has been committed in India. The Delhi Special Court shall be the monitoring jurisdiction authority of all such cases.
  • The Sessions Court can be designated as the Special Courts by the Central Government for the trial of scheduled offences.
  • The Chief Justice of the High Court needs to be consulted under which the Sessions Court is functioning, before actually designating it as a Special Court.
  • The senior most Judge shall be responsible for the distribution of cases among the courts in case more than one Special Court has been designated for any area.
  • For the trial of scheduled offences, the state governments may also designate Sessions Courts as Special Courts.

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