National Policy on Electronics 2019 and 3D Printed Skin (Download PDF)

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Approval given by the Union government. Replaces the National Policy of Electronics 2012 (NPE 2012) . Proposed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) . Aims to position India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) . Formulation of several schemes, initiatives, and measures for the development of ESDM sector. Includes a targeted production of 1 billion mobile handsets by 2025, valued at US $ 190 billion. Also includes 600 million mobile handsets valued at US $ 110 billion for export.


  • Achieving a turnover of US $ 400 billion (approximately ₹ 26,00, 000 crore) by 2025 in the ESDM sector.
  • Domestic manufacturing and export.

Key Features

  • Creating an eco-system for globally competitive ESDM sector.
  • Incentives and support for manufacturing of core electronic components.
  • Special package of incentives for mega projects.
  • Mega projects include extremely high-tech and entail huge investments; e. g. semiconductor facilities display fabrication etc.
  • Offers special focus on Chip Design Industry, Medical Electronic Devices Industry, Automotive Electronics Industry and Power Electronics for Mobility and Strategic Electronics Industry.
  • To improve national cyber security profile through promotion trusted electronics value chain initiatives.


  • Likely to enable the flow of investment and technology
  • Higher value addition for the domestically manufactured electronic products.
  • Increases electronics hardware manufacturing in the country along with support.
  • Generates substantial employment opportunities to over one crore people.

3D Printed Skin

  • 3D bio printed human skin models.
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi.
  • Relevant structural, mechanical and biochemical features similar to native human skin.
  • Can also reduce and probably even replace testing on animals.
  • Can also be used for testing dermatology drugs on human skin.


  • Originated in early 2000s.
  • At the time of it discovery living cells could be sprayed through the nozzles of inkjet printers without being damaged.
  • Use of bioprinting technology to produce kidney, liver tissues, skin, bones, cartilage and even human heart.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 20, 2020


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