National Science Day 2018 (28th Feb) (Download PDF)


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National Science Day (NSD) is celebrated in India on February 28 each year to mark the discoveries of Indian physicist CV Raman and to spread the message about the importance of science in daily life of individuals. On 28 February 1928, Raman led experiments at the IACS with collaborators, including K. S. Krishnan, on the scattering of light, when he discovered Raman effect.

Image of National Science Day

Image of National Science Day

Image of National Science Day

  • Theme of this Year was “Science and Technology for sustainable Future”

  • National Science day is celebrated every year to commemorate his “Raman Effect” discovery.

  • Department of Science & Technology (DST) organizes different functions to commemorate NSD every year.

  • On the occasion National Awards would be conferred to the awardees for their outstanding contribution in communication of S&T and promoting scientific temper.

  • The key objective of this occasion is to encourage the scientifically minded citizens of the country to discover something novel and to popularize the field of Science and Technology.

  • CV Raman is considered to be a pioneer of India.

Awards for the Year 2017

  • Dr. Raghbir Singh Khandpur from Punjab has been selected for National Award for Outstanding Efforts in S&T Communication. The award consists of Rs. 2, 00, 000/- (Rupees two lakh), a memento and a citation.

  • All the other National Awards consists of Rs. 1, 00, 000/- (Rupees one lakh), a memento and a citation. Shri Tarun Kumar Jain, Jaipur,

  • Dr. B. Sasikumar, Kozhikode and Sh. Dilip Kumar Sarma, Guwahati, have won National Award for Outstanding Efforts in S&T Communication through Print Media including Books and Magazines.

  • Dr. Jyotirmayee Mohanty, Jagatsinghpur, Odisha, and Ms. Sarika Gharu, Hosangabad, Madhya Pradesh, are the National Awardees for Outstanding Efforts in S&T Popularization among Children.

  • Socio Cultural Development Centre, Jagatsinghpur, Odisha, has won National Award for Outstanding Efforts in S&T through Innovative and Traditional methods.

  • Indian Society of Remote Sensing is being given National Award for Outstanding Efforts in S&T Communication in the Electronic Medium.

  • The National Award for Women Development through Application of Science and Technology for the year 2017 is also being conferred on NSD on Socio Cultural Development Centre, Jagatsinghpur, Odisha. This consists of Rs. 15 lakhs, a memento and a citation.

Other Pioneers of India

  1. Aryabhata: The biggest contribution to the history of mathematics is the number ‘zero’. Aryabhata is regarded as the first person to introduce the concept of ‘zero’ & its integration in the place-value system is the biggest contributions to the global knowledge database.

  2. Sushruta: The first cataract surgery is believed to have been performed by the ancient Indian physician, Sushruta. To remove the cataract from the eyes, he used a curved needle, Jabamukhi Salaka, to loosen the lens & push the cataract out of the field vision.

  3. Acharya Charak: An ancient system of healthy living, Ayurveda was developed in India centuries ago. Acharya Charak is one of the principal contributors to Ayurveda. In a world that is moving towards natural recourses to ailments, Ayurveda is a treasure trove of knowledge.

  4. Jagadish Chandra Bose: Recognized as one of the fathers of wireless communication, Jagadish Chandra Bose, an Indian scientist, publicly demonstrated the use of radio waves for communication in Kolkata in 1895.

Who is C. V. Raman?

  • Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an Indian physicist born in the state of Tamil Nadu,

  • He carried out groundbreaking work in the field of light scattering, which earned him the 1930 Nobel Prize for Physics.

  • He discovered that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes wavelength. This phenomenon, subsequently known as Raman scattering, results from the Raman Effect.

  • In 1954, India honoured him with its highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna.

- Published/Last Modified on: July 23, 2018

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