Need for Disaster Management in India: NIDM Centre to Help Southern States Build Infr. (Important) (Download PDF)

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India is prone to multiple disaster challenges – hence require NIDM Centres to help states build infrastructure to tackle disasters. Over 40 million hectares (12 % of land), is prone to floods, about 5700 kms coast line is cyclone prone & exposed to tsunamis & storm surges, 2 % of land is landslide prone, & 68 % of India’s arable land is affected by droughts.

Image of National Institute of Disaster Management

Image of National Institute of Disaster Management

Image of National Institute of Disaster Management

Need for Disaster Management in India

  • India needs disaster resilient infrastructure & provide lifeline services to most vulnerable communities.

  • Events of natural disasters are on rise, & India is most affected region.

  • Wide spread natural calamities in past ranging from floods to earthquakes, landslides & cyclones like super cyclone of 1999, Gujarat earth quake 2001, South Indian Tsunami in 2004, Mumbai Flood 2005, Kashmir earthquake of 2005, Kosi flood in 2008, Sikkim earthquake of 2011, Phailin & Hud Hud in 2013 & 2014

  • Nearly 59 % of India’s land area is prone to earthquakes of moderate to very high intensity.

  • Flooding in cities & towns is recent phenomenon caused by indiscriminate encroachment of water ways, inadequate drainage system & lack of maintenance of drainage infrastructure.

  • Disasters disrupt people’s lives & directly affect disaster-hit areas, & jeopardize entire society & economy of country.

  • One single disaster can overwhelm GNP of country.

  • Since 90 % of disaster-affected populations are in Asia, it is indeed imp. for population to be informed of potential disaster threats.

New NIDM Centre in Kondapavuluru, Andhra Pradesh

  • Southern parts of country are prone to multiple disaster challenges – hence require NIDM Centre in Kondapavuluru, Andhra Pradesh to help these states build infrastructure to tackle disasters.
Map of NIDM Centre in Kondapavuluru

Map of NIDM Centre in Kondapavuluru

Map of NIDM Centre in Kondapavuluru

Disaster Management Approach: Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction

Need to actively pursue paradigm shift in disaster management from relief centric approach in past to holistic one, that encompasses preparedness, prevention, mitigation & risk reduction much needs to be done in context of resilient infrastructure & life-line services to most vulnerable communities.

  • Disaster Management approach is multi-disciplinary process, Ministry of Home Affairs is mandated to play role of coordination as Administrative Ministry.

  • Success of early warning & preparedness was demonstrated during recent cyclones ‘Phailin’ ‘Hudhud’ in Odisha & Andhra Pradesh respectively. Warning messages, including coordinates of impending cyclone’s location & intensity, were communicated prior to landfall.

  • India is party to Sendai framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015 - 30), which has now provided more practical & useful document w/people-centered preventive approach to disaster risk.

  • This would contribute to reduction of disaster risks & strengthen resilience of poor & most vulnerable.

Image of Disaster Management Approach

Image of Disaster Management Approach

Image of Disaster Management Approach

What is Disaster?

  • Disaster is sudden, calamitous event that seriously disrupts functioning of community or society & causes human, material, & economic or environmental losses that exceed community’s or society’s ability to cope using its own resources. Though often caused by nature, disasters can have human origins.
  • Disaster occurs when hazard impacts on vulnerable people.
  • Combination of hazards, vulnerability & inability to reduce potential negative consequences of risk results in disaster.

Natural Hazards: Natural hazards are naturally occurring physical phenomena caused either by rapid or slow onset events which can be geophysical (earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis & volcanic activity), hydrological (avalanches & floods), climatological (extreme temperatures, drought & wildfires), meteorological (cyclones & storms/wave surges) or biological (disease epidemics & insect/animal plagues).

Man-made Hazards: Technological or man-made hazards (complex emergencies/conflicts, famine, displaced populations, industrial accidents & transport accidents) are events that are caused by humans & occur in or close to human settlements. This can include environmental degradation, pollution & accidents. Technological or man-made hazards (complex emergencies/conflicts, famine, displaced populations, industrial accidents & transport accidents)

There are range of challenges, such as climate change, unplanned-urbanization, under-development/poverty as well as threat of pandemics, that will shape humanitarian assistance in future. These aggravating factors will result in increased frequency, complexity & severity of disasters.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 5, 2018

Education, Disaster Management

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