New Reforms, Guidelines to Strengthen Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS) Launched (Download PDF)

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In a bid to boost skill training and entrepreneurship in the remotest corners of the country, Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Petroleum and Natural Gas (MSDE) announced comprehensive reforms for Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS), to further strengthen the skills ecosystem for underprivileged sections of society.

Image of JSS Skill Training and EDP Training

Image of JSS Skill Training and EDP Training

Image of JSS Skill Training and EDP Training

About the Jan Shikshan Sansthan

  • The emergence of the rural industry as an important growth engine for the economy makes it an imperative for us to stress on skilling our youth in remote districts of the country.

  • JSSs play an important role in bridging information asymmetry between skill training and market opportunities thereby giving an impetus to the creation of a workforce equipped in technology-driven skills, including in areas like health & wellness, tourism, e-commerce, retail and trade.

  • JSS guidelines have been reformed keeping in mind the diverse stakeholders engaged in running these institutions, and will bring in greater flexibility, transparency and uniformity.

  • Formerly under the Ministry of Human Resources Development, Jan Shikshan Sansthan has been transferred to the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship in 2018. This marks an important step towards the convergence of all skilling activities under the aegis of one ministry, bringing in transparency and accountability to the entire skilling ecosystem.

Reforms in Jan Shikshan Sansthan

Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) has been instrumental in skill training and introducing avenues of entrepreneurship among the socio-economically backward and educationally disadvantaged groups such as neo-literates, semi-literates, SCs, STs, women and girls, slum dwellers, migrant workers. By bringing them under the aegis of the national skill framework, aligns all skilling activities to a common cause of skill development at the district and gram level.

Progress

Out of the 247 active JSS, we already have 43 JSSs established across 42 Aspirational Districts identified by NITI Aayog and will soon be introducing a few more in the LWE regions to promote skill development of the youth in the region and help them connect back into mainstream economy.

Release of New Guidelines

  • The launch of these strategic guidelines is an attempt by the MSDE to re-energize and reinvigorate the Jan Shikshan Sansthans.

  • By aligning JSSs to the National Skill Framework, the Government aims to provide standardised training across sectors.

  • Key highlights of the guidelines are:

  1. Alignment of JSS course and curriculum to National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) to standardize training

  2. Decentralization of powers for JSSs- giving more accountability and independence to district administration

  3. To identify and promote traditional skills in the district through skilling/upskilling;

  4. Evidence based assessment system

  5. Easy Online certification

  6. Linking JSS to PFMS (Public Finance Management system) maintaining transparency and accountability of the ecosystem

  7. Creating livelihood linkages

  8. Training of Trainers to develop the capacity through NSTIs (National Skills Training Institutes)

JSS Portal Launch

The Ministry also announced the launch of a new website (www.jss.gov.in); which will furnish information on action plans, database of beneficiaries and stakeholders, details of finance and expenditure and other ongoing developments along with a public log-in access.

Blended Training System

Pilot launch of Amrita University’s Blended Training System was done at Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSSs) with e-content entailing selected skill courses. This is a comprehensive ICT -based platform that provides numerous benefits for trainees and trainers.

MoU with NACER

  • MSDE and NSDC signed a MoU with NACER, the apex body for Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs) under MoRD.

  • The objective of this collaboration is to provide skilled PMKVY candidates from PMKKs for the 10-day residential Entrepreneurship Development Program (EDP) at RSETIs.

  • RSETIs shall also support the candidates to access loans through credit linkages with public sector banks and also provide two-year mentorship support to the candidates.

  • NACER has a strong institutional set up and also provides two- year mentorship to the candidate post loan linkage & Successful record for availing credit from banks

An Overview of Jan Shikshan Sansthan

  • Currently, there are 247 JSSs working across the country towards making skilling and entrepreneurship benefits accessible to the underprivileged and are imparting vocational skill training programmes to beneficiaries at their doorstep.

  • In the past five years, over eight lakh people have benefitted from the JSS scheme. More than 86,000 men have been registered. More importantly, and what is a very encouraging sign, there has been an unprecedented surge in the registration of women, with over 7 lakh registrations.

  • JSSs have helped open over 1 lakh bank accounts under Pradhan Mantri Jan DhanYojana (PMJDY) and mobilized around 7.5 lakh beneficiaries who were enrolled in Pradhan Mantri Suraksha BimaYojana (PMSBY).

  • With a substantial rise in establishment of more than 1 lakh entrepreneurs, JSS has successfully generated employment across various sectors. Earlier known as Shramik Vidyapeeth and later renamed Jan Shikshan Sansthan in April 2000, the scheme has been successfully working for the past 50 years.

National Skill Qualification Framework

  • The National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF) organizes qualifications according to a series of levels of knowledge, skills and aptitude. These levels are defined in terms of learning outcomes which the learner must possess regardless of whether they were acquired through formal, non-formal or informal learning.

  • NSQF is a quality assurance framework. It is, therefore, a nationally integrated education and competency based skill framework that will provide for multiple pathways, horizontal as well as vertical, both within vocational education and vocational training and among vocational education, vocational training, general education and technical education, thus linking one level of learning to another higher level. This will enable a person to acquire desired competency levels, transit to the job market and, at an opportune time, return for acquiring additional skills to further upgrade their competencies.

Key Elements of the NSQF

  • National principles for recognising skill proficiency and competencies at different levels leading to international equivalency

  • Multiple entry and exit between vocational education, skill training, general education, technical education and job markets

  • Progression pathways defined within skill qualification framework

  • Opportunities to promote lifelong learning and skill development

  • Partnership with industry/employers

  • A transparent, accountable and credible mechanism for skill development across various sectors

  • Increased potential for recognition of prior learning

- Published/Last Modified on: March 25, 2019

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