Nine Pillars of Digital India (Important)

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Digital India was launched by the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on 2 July 2015 with an objective of connecting rural areas with high-speed Internet networks and improving digital literacy.

Nine Pillars of Digital India

Nine Pillars of Digital India Are

  • Broadband Highways
  • Universal Access to Mobile
  • Public Internet Access Program
  • E-Governance - Reforming government through technology
  • E-Kranti Electronic delivery of Services
  • Information for all
  • Electronics manufacturing Target NET Zero imports
  • IT for Jobs
  • Early Harvest Programs

Pillar1. Boadband Highways

Broadband for all

Rural:

  • Coverage: 250000 GP
  • Timeline: December 2016
  • CAPEX: ₹ 32,000 Cr
  • Nodal Dept: DoT
    • 1yr: 50,000 GP
    • 2yr: 1,00, 000 GP
    • 3yr: 10,00, 000 GP

Urban:

  • Virtual Network Operators for service delivery.
  • Mandate communication infrastructure in new urban development and buildings.
    • Changes in Rules to facilitate.

National Information Infrastructure

  • Coverage: Nationwide
  • Timeline: March 2017
  • Cost: ₹ 15,686 Cr
  • Nodal Dept: DeitY
    • Integration of SWAN, NKN, NOFN. To be implemented in 2 years

Pillar2. Universal Access to Mobile Connectivity

Universal Access to mobile connectivity

  • Coverage: Remaining uncovered villages (~42,300 village)
  • Timeline: FY 2014 - 18
  • Cost: ₹ 16,000 Cr
  • Nodal Dept: CoT
    • Ongoing Program Increase network penetration & coverage of gaps.

Pillar 3. Public Internet Access Program National Rural Internet Mission

CSCs made viable, multifunctional end points for service delivery

  • Coverage: 2,50, 000 village (now 1,30, 000)
  • Timeline: 3 Year -March 2017
  • Cost: ₹ 4750 Cr
  • Nodal Agency: DeitY
    • Ongoing program reach of Govt. services to all GPs.

Post office to become Multi-Service Centres

  • Coverage: 1,50, 000 Post Offices
  • Timeline: 2 Years
  • Nodal Agency: D/o Posts
    • This should be long term vision for POs

Pillar 4. E-Governance: Reforming Government through Technology

  • Government Business Process Re-engineering using IT to improve transactions
    • Form Simplification, reduction
    • Online applications and tracking, Interface between departments.
    • Use of online repositories e. g. School certificates, voter ID cards, etc.
    • Integration of service and platforms- UIDAI, Payment Gateway, Mobile Platform, EDI
  • Electronic Databases - all databases and information to be electronic, not manual
  • Workflow automation inside government
  • Public Grievance Redressal - using IT to automate, respond analyze data to identify and resolve persistent problems-largely process improvements.
  • To be implemented across government-critical for transformation.

Pillar 5. E-Kranti Electronic Delivery of Service

Technology for Education- e-Education

  • All School connected with broadband
  • Free wi-fi in all schools (2,50, 000)
  • Digital Literacy program
  • MOOCs- develop pilot massive Online open courses

Technology for Framers

  • Real time price information
  • Online ordering of inputs
  • Online cash, loan, relief payment with mobile banking.

Technology for Health-e-Healthcare

  • Online medical consultation
  • Online medical records
  • Online medical supply
  • Pan-India exchange for patient information
  • Pilots-2015; full coverage in 3 years

Technology for Financial Inclusion

  • Mobile banking
  • Micro- ATM program
  • CSCs/Post Offices

Technology for Planning

  • GIS based decision making
  • National GIS Mission Mode Project

Technology for Security

  • Mobile Emergency services

    Technology for Justice

  • e-Courts, e-Police, e-Jails
  • e-Prosecution

Technology for Security

  • National Cyber Security Co-ordination centre.

Pillar 6. Information for All

  • Online Hosting of Information & documents
    • Citizens have open, easy access to information
    • Open data platform
  • Government pro-actively engages through social media and web based platforms to inform to citizens.
    • myGov. in
    • 2-way communication between citizens and government.
  • Online messaging to citizens on special occasions/programs
  • Largely utilize existing infrastructure - limited additional resources needed.

Pillar 7. Electronics Manufacturing Target NET ZERO IMPORT by 2020

  • Target NET ZERO Imports is a striking demonstration of intent
  • Ambitious goal which requires coordinated action on many fronts
    • Taxation, Incentive
    • Economies of Scale, Eliminate cost disadvantages
    • Focused areas - Big Ticket Items
      • FABS, Fab-less design, set top boxes, VSATs, Mobiles, Consumer & Medical Electronics, Smart energy meters, Smart cards, micro-ATMs
    • Incubators, clusters
    • Skill development
    • Government procurement
  • There are many ongoing programs which will be fine-tuned.
  • Existing structures inadequate to handle this goal. Need strengthening.

Pillar 8. IT for Jobs

  • Train people in smaller towns & villages for IT sector jobs
    • Coverage: 1 crore student
    • Timeline: 5 year
    • Cost: ₹ 200 Cr for weaker sec.
    • Nodal Agency: DeitY
      • New scheme IT ready workforce
  • IT/ITES in NE
    • Scope: Setting up of BPO per NE State
    • Coverage: NE States
    • Nodal Agency: DeitY
      • ICT enabled growth in NE
  • Train service delivery Agents to run viable businesses delivering IT services
    • Coverage: 3,00, 000
    • Timeline: 2 year
    • Nodal Agency: DeitY
      • Ongoing Skilled VLEs and viable CSCs
  • Telecom service providers to train rural workforce to cater to their own need
    • Coverage: 5,00, 000
    • Timeline: 5 Years
    • Nodal Agency: DoT
      • Telecom ready workforce

Pillar 9. Early harvest Programs

  • IT platform for messages
    • Coverage: Elected representatives, All Govt. employees
    • 1.36 Cr mobiles and 22 Lakh emails
    • Mass Messing Application developed
      • Targeted Mass messaging since July 14
  • Government Greetings to be e-Greeting
    • Basket of e-Greeting templates available
    • Crowd sourcing of e-Greetings thru MyGov
    • e-Greetings Portal ready by 14 August 2014
      • 1st e-Greeting from PM on 15th August 2014
  • Biometric attendance
    • Coverage: All Central Govt. Offices in Delhi
    • Operational in DeitY & initiated Urban Development
    • On-boarding started in other depts.
    • Procurement of devices - tender issued

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