North East: Yojana April 2018 Summary (Part – 2) (Download PDF)


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Economic Survey: Recommendations - Tariff Rationalization, Classification of new commodities; Tariff rationalization; rationalization of coal tariff; Expansion of freight basket through containerization; New policy guideline for station to station rates; liberalized Automatic Freight Rebate scheme for traffic loaded in empty flow directions;

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North East: Yojana April 2018 Summary (In English)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Yojana April 2018: North East

  • Withdrawal of dual freight policy for export of iron ore; Policy guidelines of Merry Go Round System; Discount for loading of bagged consignment in open and flat wagons; New delivery models like Roll-on Roll-off services; Re-introduction of short lead concession and reduction in minimum distance for charge; Digital payment for freight business and Long Term Tariff Contract Policy.

Station Redevelopment

  • According to Economic Survey 2018, the project of station redevelopment is the “Biggest non-fare revenue generating”.

  • Provided Amenities like digital signage, escalators elevators, self-ticketing counters, executive lounges, luggage screening machines, walkways, holding areas for passengers, grand and distinctive roofing and flooring, free and paid WiFi


World Bank Report

  • To avert accidents, trains are to be equipped with ‘ditch lights’ and bright yellow that will enable more visibility even during twilight hours; Rail employees should be garbed in “high-visibility” clothes that can be worn round year.

  • Train must be equipped with fire extinguishers.

  • Level crossings and paths are to be painted with a crosshatched pattern that can alert and highlight dangers for people in the area.

  • To review timetables such that a maintenance block of 4 hours is provided weekly on all main lines as review safety performance

Anil Kakodar Committee Report

  • 106 recommendations covering various aspects via. General Safety Matters, Organizational Structure, Empowerment at working Level, Safety Related Works and Issues.

  • 68 recommendations have been fully accepted, 19 partially accepted

Future Vision

  • Successful models can be studied like Shinkasen of Japan.

  • Merging of rail and union budget is a welcome step.

  • Committees like Bibek Debroy, Anil Kakodar, Sam Pitroda on Removal of Encroachment and Sabotage, Upgradation of Signaling, Telecommunication and Train Protection System, Upgradation of Rolling Stock, Track, Bridges, Elimination of Level Crossings.


  • Bibek Debroy Committee Report pointed out, the supply-side improvements have not been commensurate with demand end requirements, indicated by the slow speed of passenger and goods trains.

Bamboo Mission: A Tool for Economic Prosperity

  • North East India, in effect, grows about 68 % of India’s bamboo.

  • Native people – including Tribals- have been maintaining traditional agricultural practices, agro-biodiversity and indigenous knowledge banks.

  • Farmers practice jhum or shifting agricultural system

  • Terrace cropping is practiced in valleys and foothills

  • Shifting methodology is practiced in and around forests.

Innovation is the Key

  • Bench Terrace Irrigation practice. Stones and gunny bags are used in an ingenious manner in the maintenance of terrace and to stop soil erosion problems.

  • Upper portion of the slope is actually ‘nutrient rich’, used for rice cultivation.

  • ‘Tree-based farming practice’ has been encouraged among the indigenous people – where trees are ‘integrated extensively’ in the crop production practice.

  • Bamboo is virtually an essential component of the forest ecosystem

Green Gold

  • ‘Bamboo’ is essentially a type of grass.

  • India has 30 % of the world’s bamboo resources but contributes only 4 % share of the global market.

  • Low productivity

  • 👌 Bamboo Mission is a centrally sponsored scheme with 100 % funding from GoI.

  • Bamboo works for land protection; soil quality improvements including improved water holding capacity, higher water capture and recharge, benefiting agriculture and food security.

  • 👌 In November, 2017 government removed bamboo from list of ‘Trees’

  • State Government in Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh agreed to supply bamboo to the Assam-based Numaligarh Refinery’s upcoming bio-refinery 👌

  • In budget 2018 - 19, Union Finance Minister allocated Rs. 1290 cr. To “restructure” the National Bamboo Mission with a “holistic approach”.

  • Multiple products and by products

  • They include Bamboo Pickle, Bamboo Vinegar, Flower Vase, Basket, Agarbatti Stick, Mobile Cover, Toothpick, Pen Stand, Furniture, Ornament, edible Bamboo Shoot, Coffin, Broom, Tea Coaster, Key Chain, Photo Frames, Hanger, Ash Tray, Ladder and water Bottle Cover.

  • 👌 Storing paddy for seed purpose is usually done in a specialized bamboo container commonly called Thiar in Meghalaya. It is loosely woven with bamboo split into strips. It is thickly padded inside using rice straw.

  • 👌 The wooden bin indigenously made by the Khasi tribes of Meghalaya is called Duli. It is double-layered bamboo basket, plastered on both the sides with cow dung and mud

  • Maize is stored in un-husked condition. Sometimes a colonial bamboo box is fixed upside down in the poles to keep the rats away.

Giving Momentum to Skill Development

  • As Asian societies like Japan and Korea age faster, there will be a need for skilled workers in these countries. While India can fill this void, its NE region is best placed to fill the gap in these countries.

  • ‘Demographic dividend’ of a nation is defined as the growth potential of the nation that can occur due to the rapid increase in the % of working population (15 - 64 years), in comparison to the total population of the nation.

  • The GoI, as per the Common Norms for Skill Development Schemes notified on July 15, 2015, defines Skill Development, for the purpose of any Government scheme as any domain specific demand led skill training activity leading to employment or any outcome oriented activity that enables a participant to acquire a skill, duly assessed and certified by an independent 3rd party agency, and which enables him/her to get wage/self-employment leading to increased earnings, and/or improved working conditions, such as getting formal certification for hitherto informal skills, and/or moving from informal to formal sector jobs or pursue higher education/training.

  • Today, a full-fledged Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship controls the pace and tenor of skill development in the country while similar nodal structures have been replicated in the state levels as well in the form of State Skill Development Mission (SSDMs).

  • The rebranding of North East as ‘New Engine in New India’ is a testimony to the prominence that North East India holds today.

  • 👌 In Arunachal Pradesh, recently the government coordinate with the North Eastern Development Finance Corporation Ltd (NEDFi) in preparing a study which would prepare the groundwork for strengthening the foundation of skill development in the state.

  • A unique Skill Development University is in the development stages while the country’s first ‘Home Stay Skill Development Program’ under PMKVY was launched in Tawang. 👌

  • In Assam, skill development is imparted through EGM (Employment Generation Mission) as well as Assam State Livelihood Mission and National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM).

  • The Assam government has set itself an ambitious target of training 3 lakh new entrants in the next few years.

  • 👌 Assam has been one of the 1st states in the country which has rolled out a unique ‘Karaghor Pora Karighor Scheme’ which is imparting skill development to jail inmates, for them to be able to contribute meaningfully when they return into mainstream society.

  • Manipur government has recently announced the target of providing 1.5 lakh jobs while targeting one job in each household.

  • Tripura has set up a separate State Skill Development Mission in order to give impetus to skill development in the state.

  • 👌 The Eduwork Japan Centre of Excellence opened its 1st Skill Development Centre in Sikkim.

  • Skill mapping would encompass the harnessing of traditional knowledge of a particular area and develop it into a skill which can be redesigned as a source of employment.

  • 👌 Barpeta district in Assam, which is traditionally known for local fireworks and bell metal handicrafts, have it is and other institutes in place which impart knowledge on these sectors.

  • 👌 Cachar district, known for its pottery and Sital Patti work.

  • 👌 Sonitpur district – a prominent rice milling centre

  • Tripura can harness its immense potential of becoming a rubber giant.

  • Nagaland can focus on tourism centered on the Hornbill Festival.

  • Meghalaya can stress on few areas like Sohra, Dawki, and the unexplored Jaintia hills to develop centres of excellence in tourism.

  • Identifying new areas where traditional domain knowledge of these areas can be harnessed to create a market replicated by Pran Foods in Bangladesh.

  • Rich tradition of handicrafts in the form of gamoucha (towels) and shawls in the North East, can be utilized to create options for products in the market in neighboring countries for the same.

  • Shifting to outcomes-based approach by adopting the National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF) standards.

  • Vocationalization of school education is a welcome step in this regard.

Gender Mainstreaming in the North East

Nercormps Initiatives

  • 👌 “North Eastern Region Community Resource Management Project for Upland Areas” (NERCORMP) came into being in 1999 as a joint initiative of the North Eastern Council, Ministry of DoNER, GoI and International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) with an overall objective “To improve the livelihoods of vulnerable groups in a sustainable manner through improved management of their resource base in a way that contributes to preservation and restoration of the environment”.

  • This project covered Changlang, Tirp and Longding Districts in Arunachal Pradesh; Karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao Districts in Assam; Chandel, Churachandpur, Ukhrul and Senapati Districts in Manipur, and West Khasi Hills and West Garo Hills Districts in Meghalaya. The approach of the Project is to build up women’s friendly activities through women’s groups in order to increase their confidence and managerial capabilities.

Project Activities to involve Women in the Implementation

  • Preparation of the Community Resource Management Plan (CRMP) for the village.

  • Women were given equal access to training

  • Enabled the rural women to enhance their mobility

  • NERCORMP constructed about 59, 282 units low cost latrines so far in 10 districts covered under the project.

  • Members of the NARMGs are listed NTFPs (Non Timber Forest Produces) that has been extracted for consumption and for sale from about 2 lakhs of CCAs across the project districts.

NARMGs and SHGs as Catalysts

  • NARMGs and SHGs work for a sustainable, robust and inclusive intervention in rural development.

  • SHGs are formed mainly to empower women and address the issues related to women both in livelihood and social sectors.

  • Paradigm Shift from Patriarchy to Women Empowerment

  • 👌 Ukhrul district is predominantly inhabited by Tangkhuls and with a small population of Kuki and Maring tribes. Tangkhul society is male dominated; women are excluded from decision making be it in family matters or society; denied property rights and inheritance.

  • Before the inception of the Self Help Group (SHG) movement the concept of Saving and Thrift habit were completely alien to the indigenous culture.

  • Crafty money lenders exploited the situation to the limit by charging 10 % interest per month for any given loan.

  • Approach and Strategy of the project on gender sensitization and equity have achieved paramount success.

  • Ukhrul District Women Institute of Micro-Credit (UDWIM). Members of UDWIM have 757 women SHGs

  • This initiative has helped the rural women to overcome poverty and uplift themselves towards a better livelihood.

  • UDWIM, as a community managed micro finance institute, has helped empowered women by giving them access to credit and teaching the concept of savings.

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North East: Yojana April 2018 Summary (In Hindi)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Yojana April 2018: North East

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- Published/Last Modified on: April 18, 2018


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