Now Chilli-Based PAVA Shells Can be Used as Alternative to Pellet Guns (Download PDF)

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The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has given green signal to the use newly developed Pelargonic Acid Vanillyl Amide (PAVA or Nonivamide) shells as alternative of pellet guns for mass controlling in Jammu and Kashmir.

  • They contain less poisonous compared to pellet guns and stops the target for some time so it is better option than physical injury.

Key Facts

  • The PAVA shells are made up from Pelargonic Acid Vanillyl Amide which is an organic compound found in chilli pepper.
  • The name is derives from the compound.
  • From last one year the blueprint of PAVA shells was tested by Indian Institute of Toxicology Research.
  • It can causes frustration and paralyses for a short time.
  • It is bio-safe and has less poisoned compared to than pellet guns but the effect is equivalent to it.
  • Ones PAVA shells are fired it burst temporarily stun in a more effective way as compared to tear gas shell or pepper sprays.
  • Pellet Guns are not completely banned by MHA, it can be used in rarest of rare cases to control violent crowd.


  • The seven-member Expert Committee has recommended use of PAVA shells which was headed by TVSN Prasad, Joint Secretary of MHA.
  • Pellet guns were criticizes because more than 1,000 protestors had sustained injuries especially in the eyes during the clashes with security forces.
  • Pellet guns may not kill the person they hit but penetrates skin material and cause serious damages.
  • Since 2010 Pellet guns are being used in Kashmir to disperse and control crowd i.e. as limitation to harmful elements.
  • The procedure of pellet guns is blamed for causing fatal injuries and blindness among protestors in Kashmir.
Effect of Pellet Guns on Humen

- Published/Last Modified on: September 6, 2016

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