Olive Ridley Turtles (Download PDF)

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Olive Ridley turtles are the migratory species that come to India for nesting during the winter season. They are famous for synchronized nesting in mass numbers and this kind of nesting is referred to as Arribadas. They are found in warm and tropical waters such as the Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean and Atlantic Ocean. Olive Ridley Sea turtles are also known as Pacific Ridley Sea Turtles. It is listed as a vulnerable. They are facing a high risk of extinction in the wild. Under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, they are listed in schedule I category.

  • Schedule I species get the higher protection and higher penalties are awarded.
  • In Convention on International trade in endangered species of wild fauna and flora (CITES) it is listed in appendix I.
  • The species under appendix 1 list are mostly endangered and threatened with extinction.
Olive Ridley Turtles

Nesting Sites

  • Hope Island of Coringa wildlife sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh, Gahirmatha beach in Odisha, Beach of Rishikulya River in Odisha, Devi River mouth in Odisha are important nesting sites.
  • Nesting places of Olive Ridley turtles are very less in number for this; nesting places of Ridley turtles is important to their population.

Threats to Olive Ridley Turtles

  • Sea Turtles are at high risk from plastic
  • 52 % of the world՚s Turtles are mistakenly eating plastic because the floating plastic bags looks like as jellyfish and algae.
  • They are also threatened by fisherman.

Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary is the second largest mangrove forests in India.
  • It was established in 1978, located on the coast of Kakinada, Northern distributor of Godavari River in Andhra Pradesh.
  • It having a 120 bird species and 35 mangrove tree species and 236 migratory species visit this sanctuary.
  • It is a home to White backed vulture and long billed vulture.
  • Flamingos were last seen in this sanctuary in 1993.

Hope Island

  • Hope Island is a part of Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • This tadpole shaped Island was found in the late 18th century.
  • Under the Swadesh Darshan scheme, the Ministry of tourism is developing the island as the ecotourism place.
  • It also provides central financial assistance to the States and Union territories to develop eco-tourism circuits in India.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 24, 2019

Environment/Ecology

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