One Sun, One World One Grid Project (Download PDF)

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One Sun, One World One Grid Project

  • Prime Minister in his Independence speech mentioned about “One Sun, One World, One Grid” or a trans- national electricity grid supplying solar power across the globe.
  • This idea was first floated by PM in 2018 during first assembly of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) .
  • The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has come out with a Request for Proposal (RFP) to hire consultants to convert this idea into policy.

Overview

  • Some policy experts have cited it as part of India՚s response to China՚s One Belt One Road infrastructure initiative which entails investment in close to 70 countries.
  • Considering heightened tension between India and China after Galwan valley clash in Ladakh, some policy experts are considering this as a step to restrict Chinese investment.
  • As per the draft plan, 140 countries will be connected by a common grid under OSOWOG.
  • It will be used to transfer solar power.
  • The vision behind OSOWOG mantra is – ′ the Sun never sets. ″
  • The solar spectrum can be divided into two broad zones-
    • Far East – which would include countries like Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia
    • Far West- which would cover the Middle East and African region.
  • The plan is divided into three phases-
    • The first phase will connect the Indian grid with Middle East, South Asia, and South-East Asian region to share solar and other renewable energy resources.
    • The second phase will connect the first phase nations with the African pool of renewable resources.
    • The third phase will be the concluding step of global interconnection.
  • ISA was announced during United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris in 2015.
  • ISA is a partnership of solar resource rich countries.
  • Currently, 121 countries have agreed to be members of ISA.
  • India already has power trade with Bhutan and hydroelectric project development pact with Nepal.
  • The trade of electricity to neighboring countries has become more seamless after CERA (Central Electricity Regulatory Authority) gave its node to new regulations of ‘Cross border electricity trade.’

- Published/Last Modified on: December 23, 2020

Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects

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