Organic Farming in India (Download PDF)

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India accounts for just 2.59 percent (1.5 million hectares) of the total organic cultivation area of 57.8 million hectares globally according to World of Organic Agriculture report 2018. Organic farming is defined as a technique, which involves cultivation of plants and rearing of animals in natural ways.

This process involves the use of biological materials, avoiding synthetic substances to maintain soil fertility and ecological balance thereby minimizing pollution and wastage.

Most organic farmers in India are struggling due to poor policy measures, rising input costs and limited market.

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Organic Market of India

  • India is the largest exporter of organic cotton worldwide.

  • India has more than 30 % organic producers worldwide.

  • India exports more than 300 organic products.

  • In 2015 - 16, India exported 1.35 million metric tons of “certified organic” food.

  • Oilseeds comprised half of India’s overall organic food export, followed by processed food products at 25%.

  • India’s organic market is likely to increase from 10,000 to 20,000 crore by 2020 with annual growth rate of 25 % compared to 16 % globally.

  • Sikkim is India’s first 100 % organic state. The state won the ‘Oscar for best policies’, conferred by the Food and Agriculture Organisation for the states remarkable initiatives and policies towards promoting agro ecological and sustainable food systems.

  • Sikkim beat 51 nominations from 25 different countries of the world to win the Future Policy Award 2018.

  • The Deputy Director of UN’s FAO in Rome on October 15th awarded the Chief Minister of Sikkim. The Future Policy Award is a reflection of the state’s leadership and political will.

Types & Techniques
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  • Pure organic farming

  • Integrated organic farming

  • Integration of different farming systems

  • Crop Rotation

  • Green Manure

  • Biological Pest Control

  • Compost

  • Management of Soil

Benefits

  • Disease and Pest Resistance

  • Weed Competitiveness

  • Lower Input Costs

  • Drought Resistance

  • Added Value

Challenges & Limitations

  • Availability of organic manure is not abundant.

  • The farmer should be given premium prices for organic produce as the production of organic farming declines during first few years.

  • The guidelines for organic production, processing, transportation and certification etc. are beyond the understanding of ordinary Indian farmer.

  • Marketing of organic produce is also not properly streamlined.

  • Multiple Certification System

  • Expensive organic produce

- Published/Last Modified on: September 9, 2019

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