Global Care Crisis, Global Multidimensional Poverty Index, Happiness Report and Population Projections, Prison Projections (Download PDF)

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Global Care Crisis

Cautions of a severe shortage of care workers. There are unpaid and paid care works. Direct, personal and relational care activities. For example a mother feeding a baby or a son nursing his ill parents. Takes care of patients, aged people and people with similar challenges and vulnerabilities.

Indirect care activities:

  • Cooking
  • Cleaning
  • Personal care workers

ILO՚s Observation

  • A shortfall in paid care which includes the nurses, teachers, doctors and personal care workers.
  • There are over 380 million such workers.
  • Account for 11.5 % of total global jobs.

Shortfalls and Possible Measures

  • Formulation of policies to provide decent care work by the governments and businesses.
  • In India care workers like nurses are alarmingly underpaid.
  • The biggest occupational group in healthcare constitutes that of nurses and midwives.

Unpaid Work

  • Proper work as considered by ILO and several rights agencies.
  • Each day unpaid care work constitutes 16.4 billion hours.
  • Nearly 80 % of the household work is mostly done by women.

Global Multidimensional Poverty Index Report 2018

  • India has reduced its poverty rate from 55 % to 28 % in 10 years.
  • Developed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) .
  • Covers 105 countries which are home to 77 % of the world՚s population or 5.7 billion people.
  • Based on a list of 10 deprivations for poor, covering health facilities, education and living standards.
  • In case a country is deprived in a third or more of the 10 weighted indicators, the global index identifies them as “MPI poor” .

Takes into account:

  • Incidence of poverty
  • Extent of deprivation i.e.. “who is poor” and “how they are poor”

Poverty Scenario in India

  • Between 2005 - 06 and 2015 - 16 nearly 271 million people have moved out of poverty.
  • A total of 113 million people or 8.6 % of India՚s people, live in ‘severe poverty’ .
  • The poorest section-Rural dwellers, Lower castes, Muslims and young children.
  • Fastest rate of reduction-Children, the poorest states, Scheduled Tribes, Muslims.
  • Four poorest states-Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh

Global Scenario

  • 1.3 billion (23 %) people live in multidimensional poverty in the 105 developing countries.
  • Multidimensional poverty was found in all developing regions of the world.
  • Severe in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia- Together accounts for 83 % (more than 1.1 billion) of all multi-dimensionally poor people.
  • Nearly 889 million people experience deprivations in nutrition, Schooling and Sanitation.

UN World Happiness Report 2019

  • The report ranks 156 countries.
  • How happy their citizens perceive themselves to be.
  • A sample of individuals from each country- asked to score their happiness on a 1 - 10 scale.

Variation in country scores to be explained statistically with the six variables:

  • GDP per capita
  • Social support
  • Healthy life expectancy
  • Freedom to make life choices
  • Generosity
  • Freedom from corruption

Highlights and India՚s Stand

  • Finland was the happiest nation followed by Denmark, Norway, Iceland, and Netherlands.
  • Switzerland, Sweden, New Zealand, Canada, and Austria were the next five in the top 10.
  • The United States came in 19th place.
  • South Sudan was at 156 which is the last spot for the least happy nation.
  • India ranks itself at 140 in happiness out of 156 countries.
  • 50 % rank for corruption and at the bottom 58 % for generosity.
  • India is at the bottom 25 % for per-capita GDP and longevity.
  • India comes out at the bottom in South Asia in the 2019 report.
  • During 2015 - 19 India՚s score deteriorated the most in South Asia.

Sustainable Development Solutions

  • Has been operating since 2012 under the auspices of the UN Secretary-General.
  • Mobilizes global scientific and technological expertise to promote practical solutions for sustainable development.
  • The implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris Climate Agreement were included.

World Population Projections 2019

  • Released by the United Nations.
  • The report projects the world population to reach some 9.7 billion by 2050.
  • The overall growth rate will continue to fall.
  • Half of the projected increase in the global population up to 2050 will be concentrated in just 9 countries.
  • India is followed by Nigeria, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Indonesia, Egypt and the US.
  • The fertility rates are falling worldwide.
  • For the first time in 2018 persons aged 65 years or over worldwide outnumbered children under age five.
  • By 2050, there will be more than twice as many persons above 65 as children under five as per the projections.
  • The overall life expectancy will increase from 64.2 years in 1990 to 77.1 years in 2050.

Main reasons cited

  • Continuing impact of the HIV epidemic.
  • High child and maternal mortality rates.
  • The populations of 55 countries are projected to decrease by 1 % or more between 2019 and 2050.

Largest relative reductions in population size (loss of around 20 % or more) over this period:

  • Bulgaria
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Ukraine
  • The Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • As far as migration is concerned Bangladesh, Nepal and the Philippines are seeing the largest migratory outflows.
  • In terms of sex ratio males are projected to continue to outnumber females until the end of the century but the gap will close eventually.

India՚s Population and Concerns

  • India is projected to surpass China as the world՚s most populous country in the next 8 years i.e.. by around 2027.
  • Expected to add nearly 273 million people between 2019 and 2050.
  • Will remain the most populated country by the end of the current century.
  • Growing population poses more challenges than opportunities.

Required investments in

  • Augmenting the education and healthcare system
  • Grow more food
  • Provide more housing
  • Sharply increase drinking water supply
  • Add capacity to basic infrastructure, such as roads, transport, electricity and sewage

Prison Statistics India 2016-NCRB

  • Published by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) .
  • Lack of certain categories of information in the report.

Report Highlights

  • Prison Population
  • Preventive detention
  • Prisoner release
  • Unnatural deaths
  • Mental health concerns

Report Shortcomings

  • Demographic details
  • Prison visits
  • Mental health concerns

- Published/Last Modified on: April 10, 2020

Govt. Schemes/Projects, Disaster Management

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