Pakistan Warns Against Breaching Indus Water Treaty (Download PDF)

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Pakistan has notified India of consequences for breaching Indus Water Treaty (IWT). Earlier India suspended all talks with Pakistan on IWT because of the Uri attack. Indus is main support for Pakistan in water supply, irrigation, and hydropower. It provides drinking water to millions of Pakistanis.

Why Indus River is Important for Pakistan?

  • Indus Basin covers around 65 % of geographical area of the Pakistan including entire Punjab (Pakistan).
  • If India stops the water of Indus River then it will surely cut lifeline of Pakistan.

What is Indus Waters Treaty (IWT)?

Location of Indus River

Location of Indus River

Location of Indus River

  • India and Pakistan water-distribution treaty, brokered by the World Bank (then the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development).
  • Deals with sharing of water of six rivers — Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum between the two countries.
  • Signed in Karachi on September 19th, 1960 by then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and President of Pakistan Ayub Khan.
  • Ravi, Beas and Sutlej eastern rivers came under the control of India and Indus, Jhelum and Chenab the western rivers went under the control of Pakistan.
  • India can only use 20 % of the water of Indus River.
  • Indus flows through India first.
  • Most disputes are to be settled by legal procedures, provided for within the framework of the treaty.
  • The treaty has survived India-Pakistan wars of 1965,1971, and the 1999 Kargil standoff as well Kashmir insurgency since 1990.
  • It is most successful water treaty in the world.

- Published/Last Modified on: October 22, 2016

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