Petroleum Minister Laun. SATAT Initiative to Promote Compressed Bio-Gas as an Alternative (Download PDF)


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Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas has launched Sustainable Alternative towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT) aimed at providing sustainable alternative towards affordable transportation.

  • Initiative was launched with PSU Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs i. e. IOC, BPCL, and HPCL).
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Image of Heat and Electricity

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SATAT Initiative

  • Initiative has potential to boost availability of more affordable transport fuels, better use of agricultural residue, cattle dung, & municipal solid waste.

  • This initiative provides additional revenue source to farmers.

  • It will benefit vehicle-users as well as farmers & entrepreneurs.

  • Expression of Interest (EoI) are invited from potential entrepreneurs to set up Compressed Bio-Gas (CBG) production plants & make available biogas in market for use in automotive fuels.

Benefits of Initiative

  • It will boost availability of more affordable transport fuels & enable better use of agricultural residue, cattle dung, & municipal solid waste.

  • It will pave way for efficient municipal solid waste management & help in tackling problem of polluted urban air due to farm stubble burning & carbon emissions.

  • It will boost entrepreneurship, rural economy, & employment & provide additional source of revenue to farmers.

  • It will help achieve nation’s climate change goals & bring down dependency on natural gas & crude oil imports & act as buffer against crude oil & gas price fluctuations.

  • It will help to integrated CBS networks w/city gas distribution (CGD) networks to boost supplies to domestic & retail users in existing & upcoming markets.

  • Besides retailing from OMC fuel stations, CBS can at later date be injected into CGD pipelines too for efficient distribution & optimized access of cleaner & more affordable fuel.

Background of Initiative

  • Bio-gas is produced naturally thru process of anaerobic decomposition from waste & bio-mass sources like agriculture residue, cattle dung, municipal solid waste, sugarcane press mud, sewage treatment plant (STP) waste, etc.

  • It is called CBG after biogas is purified & compressed, which has pure methane content of over 95%.

  • CBG is exactly similar to commercially available natural gas in its composition & energy potential.

  • It has calorific value (~52,000 KJ/kg) & other properties are similar to CNG.

  • CBG can be used as alternative, renewable automotive fuel.

  • It has potential to replace CNG in automotive, industrial, & commercial uses in coming years, given abundance of biomass in country.

Advantages of converting agricultural residue, cattle dung & municipal solid waste into CBG on commercial scale are:

  • It results in responsible waste management, reduction in carbon emissions & pollution.

  • It generates additional revenue source for farmers.

  • It boosts entrepreneurship, rural economy, & employment.

  • It supports national commitments in achieving climate change goals.

  • It helps in reduction in import of natural gas & crude oil.

  • It serves as buffer against crude oil & gas price fluctuations.

- Published/Last Modified on: November 9, 2018

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