Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016- Complete Ban on Use of Polythene Bags in 17 States and UTs (Download PDF)

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The Government has notified Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 to regulate manufacture, sale, distribution and use of plastic bags including carry bags of compostable plastic, and plastic sheets for packaging or wrapping applications.

Plastic Waste Management Rules
  • As Per the provisions of Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 generators of waste mandated to take steps to minimize generation of plastic waste, not to litter the plastic waste, ensure segregated storage of waste and handover segregated waste to local bodies.
  • Rules mandate the responsibilities of local bodies, gram panchayats, waste generators, retailers, and street vendors to manage the plastic waste.
  • Rules mandate producers, importers and brand owners for modalities of waste collection system based on Extended Producer Responsibility.
  • The use of carry bags made from conventional plastic with thickness less than 50 micron is prohibited.
  • The use of plastic for packaging gutkha, tobacco, and pan masala is prohibited.
  • Expand the jurisdiction of applicability from the municipal area to rural areas, because plastic has reached rural areas
  • Introduce collection of plastic waste management fee through pre-registration of the producers, importers of plastic carry bags and multilayered packaging and vendors selling the same for establishing the waste management system
  • Promote use of plastic waste for road construction per Indian Road Congress guidelines or energy recovery, or waste to oil etc. for gainful utilization of waste
  • Address the waste disposal issue through payment of user charge prescribed by local authority, collection and handing over of waste by the institutional generator, event organizers etc.

Progress So Far

  • 17 States and Union Territories imposed complete ban on manufacture, stock, sale and use of plastic carry bags, through directions and notifications and executive orders.
  • Use of plastic carry bags partially banned in some pilgrimage centres, tourist and historical places located in Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
  • Eco-friendly product to substitute all uses of plastic not been found- impractical and undesirable to impose a blanket ban on the use of plastic- in the meantime improve plastic waste management systems.

Plastic Waste in India

  • 15,000 tonnes of plastic waste generated every day, out of which 9,000 tonnes is collected and processed, but 6,000 tonnes of plastic waste not collected.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 1, 2017


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