Plight of Teachers and Teacher Education in India (Important) (Download PDF)

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Even with many school enrollments, the teaching outcomes in India are very poor. In 2012, the Supreme Court set up the Justice Verma Commission, which listed a comprehensive list of reform proposals.

Plight of Teachers and Teacher Education in India

Urgency for Teacher Training

A broken teacher education sector is putting over 370 million children at risk:

  • India made tremendous progress in enrolling children into schools. However, learning outcomes are still very poor.
  • Over 85 % of teachers fail the post-qualification competency test - the central teacher eligibility test (C-TET) .
  • Teacher education institutions (TEI) inspections found institutions with only a foundation stone for infrastructure, but with a 99 % pass rate.
  • Faculty is paid nearly one-eighth of the prescribed norms
  • 2012, the Supreme Court set up the Justice Verma Commission, which listed a comprehensive list of reform proposals

Verma Commission Thrust Areas (4)

  • Quality of Pre-service Teacher Education - 13
  • Quality of In-service Teacher Education - 3
  • Teacher Performance and Teacher Audit - 1
  • Strengthening of the Regulatory Functions of the NCTE - 13

Verma Commission Recommendations

  • The Government should increase its investment for establishing Teacher Education Institutions (TEIs) and increase the Institutional Capacity of Teacher Preparation especially in the deficit States.
  • Government may explore the possibility of instituting a transparent procedure of Pre-Entry Testing of candidates to the Pre-service Teacher Education Programmes (TEPs) , keeping in view the variation in local conditions.
  • Teacher Education to be a part of the higher education system. The duration of the programmes of Teacher Education needs to be enhanced, in keeping with the recommendations of the Education Commission (1966) , the implementation of which is long overdue.
  • Current Teacher Education programmes (TEPs) may be redesigned keeping in view the recommendations of the National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education (NCFTE) , 2009 and other relevant material
  • Every Pre-Service Teacher Education Institution may have a dedicated school attached to it as a laboratory where student teacher get opportunities to experiment new ideas and hone their capacities and skills to become reflective practitioners.
  • As a matter of policy, the first professional degree/diploma in Teacher Education should be offered only in face-to-face mode.
  • All the existing TEIs imparting in-service teacher education be strengthened. In particular the decentralized structures of BRCs and CRCs. Similarly, the DIETs and SCERTs also require strengthening
  • There is an urgent need to develop comprehensive programmes for continuing professional development of secondary school teachers. Towards this, existing institutional arrangements have to be significantly enhanced, along with strengthening of CTEs and IASEs.
  • The Central Government, in consultation with the State Governments and other stakeholders, may develop a framework for assessment of teacher performance, keeping in view the Guidelines suggested in the Report

Implementation of Verma Commission Suggestion

National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) is implementing two flagship initiatives:

  • “TeachR” for prospective teachers is India՚s first framework for accrediting and ranking TEI based on 4-pillar test of physical assets, academic assets, teaching quality (audio-video recordings of sample classes) and learning outcomes (proctored tests of students) .
  • “National Teacher Platform” (NTP) for teachers in schools aims to arm teachers with both curated and user-rated resources

Diksha Portal

The Union Ministry of Human Resource and Development (HRD) launched Diksha Portal providing digital platform to teachers.

  • Serve as National Digital Infrastructure for Teachers.
  • Equip all teachers with advanced digital technology.
  • Enable, accelerate, and solve the key problem of teacher education.
  • Aid teachers to learn and train and measure accomplishments with assessment resources.
  • Teachers can also create training content, profile, in-class resources, assessment aids, news and announcement and connect with teacher community.

Diksha Portal- History Keeper

  • Diksha Portal will record work and accomplishment of teachers in educational institutes from start to retirement.
  • Cover time from enrolling as student teachers in Teacher Education Institutes (TEIs) to retirement.
  • Help teachers boost teaching skills and create profile of skills and knowledge.
  • Government, private institutes, and NGO՚s can participate in the Diksha initiative.

    Final Targets of Diksha Portal

  • The aim is to improve quality of education with teacher training and skill tracking.
  • Significant measure to ensure every Indian school has trained teachers by 2019.

- Published/Last Modified on: October 14, 2017

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