Pollution & Health - Lancet Commission Report, Delhi Smog & AQI (Part - 3) (Download PDF)

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Lancet Commission on Pollution & Health; Great Smog of Delhi (Current Affairs 2017 - 18) (In - English)

Majority of the news is mentioning the Delhi incidence as “SMOG”, smog is however associated with ground level ozone formation and Sulphur and nitrous oxides.

Temporary Solutions

  • Shutting down power plants
  • Traffic restrictions like the Delhi government’s ‘odd even scheme’
  • Recent cracker sales ban during Diwali

👌Air Monitors

  • SAFAR-India (System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research)
  • AQICN - real-time indexing of air quality levels across the world
  • Plumes Air Report app - Android and iOS users. Real-time information on pollution levels in a city and the forecasts the levels over the next few hours.
  • Air Quality India
  • Blueair Air Quality – hourly street level air pollution

National Air Quality Index

  • Air quality Assessment through site and time
  • 6 categories & 8 pollutants on 24 hour averaging period
  • Launched in 2014 under Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
  • One Number- One Colour-One Description
Image of Health Impacts

Image of Health Impacts

Image of Health Impacts

Image of AQI Category, Pollutants And Health Breakpoints

Image of AQI Category, Pollutants And Health Breakpoints

Image of AQI Category, Pollutants And Health Breakpoints

👌According to WHO 2005 Guidelines,

  • PM 2.5: Annual mean value is 10 μg per metre cube and hourly mean value is 25 μg per metre cube
  • PM 10: Annual mean value is 20 μg per metre cube and the hourly mean value is 50 μg per metre cube.
Image of Air Quality In India's Major Cities

Image of Air Quality In India’s Major Cities

Image of Air Quality In India’s Major Cities

Image of ITO, Delhi Real-time Air Quality Index

Image of ITO, Delhi Real-time Air Quality Index

Image of ITO, Delhi Real-time Air Quality Index

Pollution Standards Index

  • Pollution Standards Index is based on standards set by the US Environment Protection Agency. The index is a number representing the highest concentration of 5 common pollutants averaged over a 24-hour period.
  • 👌National Environment Agency monitors the following 5 pollutants:
  1. Particulate matter (PM10, that is small particles with an “aerodynamic” diameter smaller than 10 µm)
  2. Sulphur dioxide (SO2)
  3. Carbon monoxide (CO)
  4. Ozone (O3)
  5. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2)

👌Great Smog of Delhi

Image of Great Smog of Delhi

Image of Great Smog of Delhi

Image of Great Smog of Delhi

  • 30 % pollution from local sources
  • 70 % pollution from outside NCR
  • Complete Western and Eastern Expressway on an urgent basis
  • Adopt non-polluting modes of transport
  • Curtail use of solid fuels in households – by Ujjwala Yojana (LPG)
  • Issue of crop burning
  • Pollution from industry and brick kilns
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Lancet Commission on Pollution & Health; Great Smog of Delhi (Current Affairs 2017 - 18) (In - Hindi)

Majority of the news is mentioning the Delhi incidence as “SMOG”, smog is however associated with ground level ozone formation and Sulphur and nitrous oxides.

- Published/Last Modified on: November 21, 2017

Environment/Ecology

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