Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana PMMVY (Download PDF)

Doorsteptutor material for CLAT is prepared by world's top subject experts: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation- practice your way to success.

There is a huge difference in availability of Maternity benefits among the women from organised sector and unorganised sector. Compared to the unorganised sector, organised sectors are getting more benefits like paid leaves, Maternity benefits and insurance coverage for these benefits they get medical advice at right time, avail leaves and they take enough rest after the delivery. Unorganised sector women suffers from lack of Maternity benefits they get less paid leaves, no job security, work in late pregnancy, less leaves to recover, early joining after the birth of child.

PMMVY Overview

  • The Indian government launched a Maternity Benefit scheme in 2010 named as Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) to support lactating mothers and pregnant women.
  • IGMSY renamed as Matritva Sahyog Yojana in 2014 and again in 2017 it is changed to Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) .
  • PMMVY targeted only the women delivering the first child.
  • Previously the amount which is provided by the beneficiaries was ₹ 6000 but now they receive ₹ 5000 in 3 instalments.
  • In first instalment they get ₹ 1000 and second and third instalment they get 2000 each.
Incentive Disbursal Structure under PMMVY
  • These benefits will be availed by meeting certain conditions which include early registration of pregnancy, at least one antenatal check-up and registration of child birth.

Issues with PMMVY

Issues with PMMVY Baby Steps
  • PMMVY failed to reach the desired beneficiaries, it reaches only less than one third of The Eligible beneficiaries.
  • Between April 2018 and July 2019,61 % of beneficiaries are registered under the PMMVY scheme.
  • Only 31 % of eligible beneficiaries received some of the financial assistance through this scheme.
  • There was no proper awareness among the pregnant and nursing women about PMMVY scheme. 66 % of pregnant women and 69 % of nursing women knew about the scheme.
  • Only 8 % of pregnant women received benefits and 23 % of nursing women received some of the benefits.
  • Lack of Nutrition is one of the problem which the pregnant and nursing women facing and they did not getting adequate nutritional food, sufficient rest and no post natal care.
  • According to WHO, a pregnant woman should gain weight from 15 to 18kgs during pregnancy but in Indian the pregnant women gain weight from 6 to 8 kg only.
  • There is tedious process for getting benefits under the scheme which include candidates have to fill the form of 23 pages application, provide Aadhaar card which get linked in the bank, mother-Child Protection card, need to submit husband details.
  • There is a problem with the above approaches because some of women might separate from the husband, divorced, single mother, Aadhar card address of newly married was different, some women left out from the home etc.
  • Some of women are not sufficiently educated to complete the process within the time.

Budget Deficit

  • With the budget deficit beneficiaries are not getting the benefits under this scheme.
  • Budget allocation of this project was ₹ 2,700 crore but actual need is around ₹ 15,000 crore only 20 % of funds need is allocated.
  • There are some states are much better in providing Maternity Benefit to the unorganised women.
  • MAMTA Scheme in Odisha, 95 % of pregnant women have secured benefits from this scheme.
  • Tamilnadu government is providing financial assistance to the pregnant women of ₹ 18,000.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 11, 2019

Policy/Governance, Health, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Yojana

Developed by: