Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018 (Important)

⪻ On New Articles ⪼

New Amendment Bill of 2018 for Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 was approved on 4thApril 2018. It is aimed at protection & promotion of human rights in India. It proposes to amend term of office of Chairperson & Members of NHRC & SHRC in consonance w/terms of Chairperson & Members of other Commissions.

Protection of Human Rights

Salient Features of the Bill

  • Bill proposes to include ‘National Commission for Protection of Child Rights’ as deemed Member of Commission.
  • Woman member will be included in composition of Commission.
  • Bill proposes to enlarge scope of eligibility & scope of selection of Chairperson, National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) as well as State Human Rights Commission (SHRC) .
  • It will incorporate mechanism to look after cases of human rights violation in Union Territories.

Benefits of Amendment Bill

  • Bill will promote & protect human rights & further strengthen Human Rights Institution of India for effective discharge of their mandates, roles & responsibilities.
  • Act will be in perfect sync w/agreed global standards & benchmarks towards ensuring rights relating to life, liberty, equality, & dignity of individual country.

Significance of Bill

  • Bill aims to strengthen human rights institutions of India for effective discharge of their mandates, roles & responsibilities.
  • It seeks to make NHRC & SHRC more compliant w/Paris Principle pertaining to its autonomy, independence & wide-ranging functions.
  • As per ‘The Paris Principles’ , a national institution should be able to promote & protect human rights.
  • It states that composition of a national institution & appointment of its members should be done in accordance w/procedure to ensure inclusive representation of civil society, involved in protection & promotion of human rights.


Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 was enforced on 28th January 1993.

Human rights are standards that allows all people to live w/:

  • Dignity
  • Freedom
  • Equality
  • Justice

National Human Rights Commission was constituted on 12th Oct. 1993.

Further Amendment Bill was passed in 2006.

State Human Right Commission (SHRC)

  • State Human Right Commission (SHRC) is statutory body created by Protection of Human Right Act of 1993 at State level.
  • Body can inquire into violation of human rights only in respect of subjects mentioned in State List & Concurrent List of 7th Schedule of Constitution.
  • Steps taken to protect Human Rights
  • In 2017, Supreme Court ruled to strengthen Fundamental Rights, equal rights for women, & accountability for security forces violations.

Right to Privacy: In August, Court declared ‘Right to Privacy’ intrinsic & fundamental under Indian Constitution & emphasized Constitution՚s protections, including free speech, rule of law, & guarantees against authoritarian behaviour.

Triple Talaq: SC ended practice of ‘Triple Talaq’ , allowing Muslim men right to unilaterally & instantaneously divorce their wives.

Mental Health Law: India enacted new mental health law that provides for mental health care & services for everyone & decriminalizes suicide.

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