Research on CMB Radiation and National Supercomputing Mission (Download PDF)

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Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation in Timbaktu village. Weak electromagnetic radiation from the early universe. This radiation comes from the objects that are observed in the universe, like stars or galaxies, it comes from things that are not formed yet.

Research Significance

  • An invaluable source of information on the early universe.
  • Findings- The early universe was filled with hot, dense and extremely uniform gas, mostly hydrogen.


  • A small hamlet in Anantpur district of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Surrounded by hills with unusual rock formations.
  • Least contact with the outside world.
  • Minimal footprints of modern digital technology.
  • Practically has no noise.
  • Described as Radio Quiet by space scientists hunting for faint electromagnetic signals from the sky.

National Supercomputing Mission

  • India granted contract to French Technology firm.
  • To build 70 supercomputers under the National Supercomputing Mission.
  • To connect national academic and R&D institutions with a supercomputing grid of over 70 high-performance computing facilities.
  • Installation across the country and will be networked on the National Supercomputing grid over the National Knowledge Network (NKN) .
  • Implementation by the Department of Science and Technology and Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY) through Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) and IISc, Bangalore.
  • Development of highly professional High Performance Computing (HPC) .
  • Awareness human resource for meeting challenges of development of the applications.
  • NKN- Programme of the government which connects academic institutions and R&D labs over a high speed network.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 17, 2020


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